It appears that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan may not deserve the credit he was given for inspiring a resistance to the coup, although “mosque networks, which are overseen by the Directorate of Religious Affairs, a government agency, coordinated a nationwide resistance through salah,” and deserve partial credit. But Twitter users recognized a coup attempt-in-progress amid considerable confusion, sounded an initial alarm, and “protestors organized and mobilized through digital networks, including Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp, and SMS.”
[O]ur comprehensive analysis of the data detected high levels of organic mobilization against the coup—first online, then through mosque networks, and finally on the ground—as early as 9:47 PM EEST (Eastern European Summer Time), long before Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan made their appeals on live television at 11:05 PM EEST and 12:25 AM EEST, respectively. . . . opposition against the coup would have advanced regardless of high-level political speeches: it was a natural political reflex of the people.
H. Akin Unver and Hassan Alassaad, “How Turks Mobilized Against the Coup,” Foreign Affairs, September 14, 2016, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2016-09-14/how-turks-mobilized-against-coup
In truth, for-profits were a fiasco long before the financial crisis, but it appears that politicians saw them as a way to claim they were doing something about job training following the crisis. This was part of the scam, of course, as these same politicians were also hastening to continue and accelerate the defunding of public education.
Michael Stratford and Kimberly Hefling, “For-profit colleges spell trouble for politicians who backed them,” Politico, September 14, 2016, http://www.politico.com/story/2016/09/for-profit-colleges-228128