Imperialism · United States


United States

Fig. 1. “American Progress,” painting by John Gast, 1872, digital version 2006, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Gina Harkins, “Spec Ops Culture Sets Conditions ‘Favorable for Inappropriate Behavior,’ 4-Star Says,”, January 28, 2020,

Marjorie Cohn, “Team Trump Tried to Bully the ICC Into Dropping War Crimes Probe But Failed,” Truthout, March 10, 2020,

Harry Stevens, Missy Ryan, and Mustafa Salim, “Behind the tally, names and lives,” Washington Post, November 18, 2020, Post, March 16, 2023,

Ishaan Tharoor, “20 years later, U.S. invasion of Iraq hangs over war in Ukraine,” Washington Post, March 17, 2023,

Ahmed Twaij, “Bush did what Putin’s doing — so why is he getting away?” al Jazeera, March 28, 2023,

Ishaan Tharoor, “The ‘old Europe’ vs. ‘new Europe’ paradigm is back,” Washington Post, April 17, 2023,

Ishaan Tharoor, “Eyeing China, Biden official floats a new ‘Washington consensus,’” Washington Post, May 1, 2023,

Ashik Siddique, “The U.S. Still Spends More on Its Military Than Over 144 Nations Combined,” Foreign Policy In Focus, May 11, 2023,

Miriam Berger, “Post-9/11 wars have contributed to some 4.5 million deaths, report suggests,” Washington Post, May 15, 2023,

Adam Taylor, “African nations aren’t tilting toward Putin’s Russia,” Washington Post, July 27, 2023,

Tim Stanley, “We are witnessing the fall of the American empire,” Telegraph, November 2, 2023,

Michael Fox, “Panamanians remember 1989 US invasion and continue to demand justice and accountability,” World, December 20, 2023,

Guardian, “Donald Trump says he would encourage Russia to attack Nato allies who pay too little,” February 10, 2024,

Jon Schwarz, “Erik Prince Calls for U.S. to Colonize Africa and Latin America,” Intercept, February 10, 2024,

Murray Brewster, “Trump’s NATO comments aren’t cause for panic — but they should be taken seriously, experts warn,” Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, February 12, 2024,

Matthew Karnitschnig, “Donald Trump just did Europe a favor,” Politico, February 13, 2024,

Ishaan Tharoor, “The fallacy of the ‘West versus the rest’ worldview,” Washington Post, April 9, 2024,