Pennsylvania · Pittsburgh · Infrastructure




Fig. 1. Post-collapse scene at the Fern Hollow Bridge, photograph by National Transportation Safety Board, January 29, 2022, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Fig. 2. Screengrab from KDKA (probably the television station) video, via Harrisburg Patriot-News, October 28, 2019,[1] fair use.

See also:

Sarah Cassi, “$4.2 billion diverted from PennDOT road and bridge repairs to fund state police, new audit reveals,” Easton Express-Times, April 30, 2019,

Katie Blackley, “Why are there so many ‘Run Roads’ in the Pittsburgh region?” WESA, June 21, 2019,

David Wenner, “Sinkhole swallows part of bus in downtown Pittsburgh,” Harrisburg Patriot-News, October 29, 2019,

KDKA-TV, “Pittsburgh Councilman Publicly Criticizes ‘Unacceptable’ State Of Roads After Snowfall,” December 27, 2020,

Oliver Morrison, “With all eyes on Biden in Pittsburgh, 13 local experts diagnose the region’s biggest infrastructure needs,” Pittsburgh Public Source, March 31, 2021,

Ed Blazina, “Pittsburgh-area leaders press for federal funds to finally build northern section of Mon-Fayette Expressway,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 2, 2021,

Mark Belko, “Full steam ahead: Pittsburgh Allegheny County Thermal complex in Downtown is up for sale,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 12, 2021,

Anya Litvak, “Regulators clear the way for Clearway Energy to take over Downtown Pittsburgh’s steam network,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 8, 2021,

Rick Earle, “Pittsburgh Public Works launches internal investigation following snow response issues,” WPXI, January 7, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Plowing continues on snow-covered Pittsburgh streets,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 7, 2022,

Ed Blazina, “Pennsylvania will receive an extra $1.63 billion in federal infrastructure funds to fix bridges, 3rd most in U.S.,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 14, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials say snow response will be better ahead of Sunday storm,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 14, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials say they expect to have streets cleared for Tuesday commute,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 17, 2022,

Taylor Spirito, “Pittsburgh residents frustrated after city side streets left unplowed,” WPXI, January 18, 2022,

Kylie Walker, “Pittsburgh Public Works releases statement in response to snow removal concerns,” WTAE, January 18, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials say 50 trucks still cleaning snow and ice,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 20, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh crews working to clear city streets after Sunday’s snow,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 24, 2022,

WTAE, “Residents in Pittsburgh’s Brookline neighborhood frustrated with snow response,” January 24, 2022,

Marcie Cipriani, “Maintenance issues with Public Works trucks creates challenges when treating roads,” WTAE, January 25, 2022,

Kylie Walker, “City of Pittsburgh updates snow removal process after Monday’s storm,” WTAE, January 25, 2022,

Ed Blazina et al., “‘A boom, then a monster sound’: 10 hurt after bridge over Pittsburgh’s Frick Park collapses,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 28, 2022,

Emma Folts, “From a burning bridge to a sinking road, 5 times Pittsburgh infrastructure raised worries,” Pittsburgh Public Source, January 28, 2022,

Megan Guza, “‘It is outrageous’: Pittsburgh leaders, residents seek answers after poor-rated bridge collapses,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 28, 2022,

Tony LaRussa, “Over 40 bridges in Alle-Kiski Valley are rated the same as span that collapsed in Pittsburgh,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 28, 2022,

Brian C. Rittmeyer, Megan Guza, and Jason Cato, “10 injured in bridge collapse in Pittsburgh’s Frick Park,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 28, 2022,

Charlie Wolfson, “Collapsed Pittsburgh bridge and 175 others rated poor in county drive home need for investment,” Pittsburgh Public Source, January 28, 2022,

WTAE, “Gov. Wolf signs proclamation of disaster emergency for Allegheny County following bridge collapse,” January 28, 2022,

Julia Felton, “‘It’s a resource problem’: 1 in 8 bridges in Pa. rated in ‘poor’ condition, records show,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 29, 2022,

Margaret J. Krauss et al., “Bridge collapses in Frick Park, hours before Biden arrives in Pittsburgh to discuss infrastructure,” WESA, January 29, 2022,

Lauren Lee, “Mayor Gainey signs Disaster Emergency Declaration following Fern Hollow bridge collapse,” WTAE, January 30, 2022,

Mary Ann Thomas, “O’Connor: Rebuilding Forbes Avenue bridge could take 2 years, more than $10M,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 30, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “Crane pulls Port Authority bus from Frick Park bridge wreckage,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 31, 2022,

KDKA-TV, “Pittsburgh Bridge Collapse: PennDOT To Invest $25.3M To Rebuild Fern Hollow Bridge,” January 31, 2022,

Julia Felton, “$25.3M in federal funding set aside to replace Pittsburgh’s collapsed Fern Hollow Bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 1, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh looks to create infrastructure commission in wake of Fern Hollow Bridge collapse,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 1, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “12 infrastructure fails in the Pittsburgh region, including Fern Hollow Bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 3, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “Allegheny County has plans to repair all of its poorly rated bridges,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 3, 2022,

Ross Guidotti, “Road Conditions In Pittsburgh: Morning After 2 Days Of Storms Sees Streets Both Good And Bad,” KDKA-TV, February 5, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh looks to add more plows to address concerns about snow, ice removal,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 7, 2022,

WTAE, “Fern Hollow bridge collapse in Pittsburgh: National Transportation Safety Board releases preliminary report,” February 7, 2022,

WTAE, “Port Authority closes bridge that carries South Busway after portion of bridge shifts,” February 7, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh to add 12 snowplows to city fleet for rest of winter,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 8, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh City Council divided on creating infrastructure committee in wake of bridge collapse,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 10, 2022,

WTAE, “Versailles Avenue Bridge in McKeesport closed following inspection,” February 11, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh’s poorly rated South Negley Avenue Bridge slated for repairs,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 18, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh adopts measures intended to strengthen focus on city’s infrastructure,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 1, 2022,

Megan Tomasic, “Potholes are wreaking havoc again, leaving drivers swerving and road crews scrambling,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review< March 1, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Mayor Gainey says Pittsburgh will reinspect all city-owned bridges in poor condition,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 8, 2022,

Nick Matoney, “Snow-covered roads in the Pittsburgh area,” WTAE, March 12, 2022,

Jonathan D. Silver et al., “Pittsburgh-area bridges left in chronic disrepair as funding system leaves some of the worst spans behind,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 13, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh plans to repave 39 miles of streets; work starts Monday,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 15, 2022,

Sam D. Hamill, “Fern Hollow Bridge was severely decaying before collapse, 2021 report indicates,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 19, 2022,

Ed Blazina, “Southwestern Pa. transportation funding plan includes more money for Pittsburgh-area bridges,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 23, 2022,

Ed Blazina, “PennDOT considers variable speed limits, ramp gates and message boards to improve Parkway East traffic,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 24, 2022,

Mark Belko, “Pittsburgh International Airport decides against closing its longest runway,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 7, 2022,

Nick Matoney, “15 days of restrictions: Pittsburgh drivers should prepare for slowdowns on the Parkway East,” WTAE, June 7, 2022,

Ed Blazina, “Goodbye Port Authority, hello Pittsburgh Regional Transit: Agency unveils new name, branding,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 9, 2022,

Sean D. Hamill, “Decades of Neglect,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 18, 2022,

Paula Reed Ward, “Fern Hollow Bridge inspection troubling but did not suggest imminent danger, experts say,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 18, 2022,

Ed Blazina, “Moving on: Pennsylvania Turnpike finishes Southern Beltway, ready to begin Mon-Fayette Expressway,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 19, 2022,

Angie Moreschi, “More E-ZPass customers getting $10 penalty charges,” WPXI, June 20, 2022,

Paula Reed Ward, “Pittsburgh argues against release of documents in Fern Hollow Bridge collapse civil case,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 23, 2022,

Jesse Bunch, “City blocks lawyer’s request for Fern Hollow Bridge documents,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 24, 2022,

Patrick Varine, “Turnpike interchange at I-79 and Southern Beltway now fully open,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 24, 2022,

Jon Moss, “Pa. Commonwealth Court permanently blocks Gov. Tom Wolf’s bridge tolling plan,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 30, 2022,

Andrew Goldstein, “Swindell Bridge shut down after construction work causes debris to fall onto I-279,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 1, 2022,

Megan Guza, “Swindell Bridge on Pittsburgh’s North Side closed after falling debris,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 1, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Gainey proposes $1.5M contract to assess 150 Pittsburgh bridges,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 5, 2022,

Megan Guza, “Swindell Bridge in Pittsburgh closed indefinitely after maintenance work damages drainage trough,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 5, 2022,

Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh taps WSP Global to evaluate all 150 city-owned bridges,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 5, 2022,

Joe Napsha, “Emergency closure ordered for Washington Avenue Bridge in Swissvale,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 7, 2022,

Mick Stinelli, “Washington Street Bridge in Swissvale closed because of ‘structural concerns,’” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 8, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh could spend $1.95 million to repair 30th Street Bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 13, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “First details of Swinburne Bridge replacement project revealed by city,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 14, 2022,

Charlie Wolfson, “Pittsburgh officials seek ‘21st century’ bridge plan with $1.5M contract,” Pittsburgh Public Source, August 4, 2022,

Jamie Wiggan, “Pittsburgh’s Hill District prepares for $11 million infrastructure injection,” Pittsburgh City Paper, August 11, 2022,

Hannah Wyman, “Ed Gainey hears from residents on unsafe intersections by Fern Hollow Bridge,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 24, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “$11.3M in federal funding to go toward infrastructure improvements in Hill District,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 25, 2022,

Patrick Damp, “Swindell Bridge reopens to traffic today,” KDKA-TV, September 1, 2022,

Pete DeLuca, “PennDOT warning of delays for several months as construction starts on McKees Rocks Bridge,” WPXI, September 6, 2022,

Daniel Gilman, “There are 43,000 deficient bridges in the US/29 in the City. . . .,” Twitter, September 14, 2022,

Bill Peduto, “The ‘average’ formula to repair/replace a bridge is . . .,” Twitter, September 15, 2022,

Mary Ann Thomas, “Route 28 construction 70% done; the rest is coming — eventually,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, September 30, 2022,

Megan Trotter, “Highland Park Bridge ramp to southbound Route 28 slated for long-term closure,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 30, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “Pittsburgh to tear down pedestrian bridge over Bigelow Boulevard after crane boom strikes it,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, October 7, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Bigelow Boulevard closed in Polish Hill after crane strikes pedestrian bridge,” October 7, 2022,

Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, “‘Take Bigelow’: Boulevard is open after emergency removal of pedestrian bridge,” October 8, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Pitt, Pa. Turnpike team up to make Mon-Fayette Expressway a test bed for innovative construction,” October 10, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh to use $400K designated for public safety training facility on road work,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 14, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh sets goal to clear roads within 24 hours of snowfall,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 15, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburghers skeptical of mayor’s snow removal goals,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 17, 2022,

Megan Tomasic, “PennDOT: Still more work set for Route 28, but Fern Hollow Bridge wrapping up,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 23, 2022,

Terryaun Bell, “You’ve probably been stuck in traffic during Allegheny County’s construction boom. This is only the beginning,” Pittsburgh Public Source, November 29, 2022,

Charlie Wolfson, “Gainey pledged to overhaul Pittsburgh’s bridges. His 2023 budget barely starts the process,” Pittsburgh Public Source, December 5, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh council approves $220K annual snow removal technology contract,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 6, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Northbound Highland Park Bridge ramp to Sharpsburg reopens,” December 8, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Too many bridge closings in Pittsburgh,” December 10, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Dozens of bridges maintained by Pittsburgh in need of repairs within 6 months, report says,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 21, 2022,

Kris B. Mamula, “Pittsburgh’s new Fern Hollow Bridge is engineering marvel, officials say,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 21, 2022,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh’s new Fern Hollow Bridge reopens to traffic,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 22, 2022,

Kris B. Mamula, “With stray honking car horns and some cheers, Fern Hollow Bridge opens early,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 22, 2022,

Patrick Damp, “PennDOT shuts down Millers Run Road Bridge due to ‘advanced deterioration,’” KDKA-TV, December 24, 2022,

WTAE, “Neighbors ‘on edge’ as pieces of debris fall from Pittsburgh bridge,” January 12, 2023,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Contract awarded for next major phase of Mon-Fayette Expressway,” January 17, 2023,

Mike Wereschagin, “There’s been almost no progress fixing Pittsburgh-owned bridges a year after Fern Hollow collapsed,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 27, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials closing Charles Anderson Memorial Bridge because of safety concerns,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 1, 2023,

Mike Wereschagin, “Pittsburgh closes Charles Anderson Bridge in Oakland to vehicles after inspection shows it needs repairs,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 1, 2023,

Mike Wereschagin, “Mayor Gainey denies that Pittsburgh delayed funding for the crumbling Charles Anderson Bridge,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 3, 2023,

Patrick Varine, “McKees Rocks Bridge to close Wednesday from noon to 3 p.m.,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 7, 2023,

Julia Felton, “3 Pittsburgh spans in urgent need of work not addressed for months,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 12, 2023,

Michael DiVittorio, “Traffic crossover to occur along southbound Interstate 79 through November,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 17, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials considering more extensive repairs on Swindell Bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 21, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Mayor Ed Gainey is on a committee that can fund Pittsburgh bridges. But he rarely shows up,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 22, 2023,

Ryan Deto, “Route 65 study to focus on reconnecting Pittsburgh’s North Side neighborhoods,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 23, 2023,

Paul Guggenheimer, “Inbound Armstrong Tunnel closed as yearlong rehab project begins,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 4, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh and other area cities are looking for ‘critical information’ about local rail infrastructure,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 8, 2023,

Ed Blazina, “Mayor: Let’s ‘dramatically expedite’ fixing the Charles Anderson Bridge,” Pittsburgh Union Progress, March 16, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials look to expedite $48M rehab of Charles Anderson Memorial Bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 22, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “New design for Oakland’s Charles Anderson Memorial Bridge unveiled,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 18, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh to spend $18 million to resurface over 30 miles of roads,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 20, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh to begin work on Swindell Bridge, 30th Street Bridge next week,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 22, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh Mayor Ed Gainey sent a representative to a bridge funding meeting after a year of mostly no-shows,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 25, 2023,

Ford Turner, “An aging Swissvale bridge raises a question: Should Pa. help pay to replace spans once owned by railroads?” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 16, 2023,

Patrick Varine, “Turnpike officials break ground on next phase of Mon/Fayette Expressway,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, May 22, 2023,

Jonathan D. Salant, “‘This isn’t safe’: A lack of truck parking on Pennsylvania’s highways alarms drivers,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 30, 2023,

Anya Litvak, “Steam pipe dream: Cordia hopes to bring new life to Downtown Pittsburgh’s ancient underground thermal system,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 4, 2023,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Roberto Clemente Bridge progress update indicates the important Downtown artery is on pace for a December reopening,” June 4, 2023,

Madyson Cioni, “Dead & Company fans rant on social media about traffic at Star Lake,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 6, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh formed an infrastructure group after the Fern Hollow collapse. But Gainey hasn’t appointed anybody,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 8, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Fern Hollow Bridge to close for construction work,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 9, 2023,

Jonathan D. Salant, “The Pennsylvania Turnpike is adding more truck parking spaces as a dangerous shortage persists,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 11, 2023,

Alyssa Raymond, “Debris continues to fall off Pittsburgh bridge despite city installing netting,” WPXI, June 29, 2023,

Jack Troy, “New Kensington Bridge to close for 6 weeks starting in July,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 30, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh officials advance plan to tear down poorly rated bridge despite lawsuit,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 5, 2023,

Samuel Long, “The Swindell Bridge will close for about a month for steel beam restoration,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 7, 2023,

Julia Felton, “Pittsburgh moves ahead with plan to tear down poorly rated bridge,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 11, 2023,

Prem Thakker, “Summer Lee Bats Away Pentagon’s Limp Excuses for Huge Viagra Budget,” New Republic, July 13, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Mayor Ed Gainey made his first picks for an infrastructure group that was empty for more than a year,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 17, 2023,

Steve Bohnel, “Pittsburgh is painting some curbs purple. Here’s why — and why they’re frustrating business owners,” PIttsburgh Post-Gazette, July 28, 2023,

Jonathan D. Salant, “A look at the heaviest traveled deficient bridges in Western Pennsylvania,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 2, 2023,

Julia Maruca, “Highland Park Bridge ramps open to traffic,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, September 27, 2023,

Megan Tomasic, “Pittsburgh changes pay structure after pushback to purple curb parking program,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 1, 2023,

Paula Reed Ward, “Fight over Fern Hollow Bridge collapse records continues in court,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 28, 2023,

Neena Hagen, “Judge orders the release of key documents to victims of Fern Hollow Bridge collapse,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 29, 2023,

Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh infrastructure commission holds its first meeting since the group was created nearly two years ago,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 6, 2023,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “New northbound lane on Route 28 under the Highland Park Bridge is finally opening,” December 15, 2023,

Paula Reed Ward, “Fern Hollow Bridge documents reveal PennDOT’s concern over city’s lack of action,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 22, 2023,

Steve Bonel, “State, local officials announce $132 million for repairs to three Pittsburgh bridges,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 18, 2024,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Another winter storm is bearing down on the Pittsburgh region,” January 18, 2024,

Jacob Geanous, “Chartiers Bridge from Pittsburgh to McKees Rocks has new restrictions after a recent analysis of its condition,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 19, 2024,

Justin Vellucci, “3 major Pittsburgh bridges set to get $132M in renovations,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 19, 2024,

Jonathan D. Salant, “New federal funding aims to drain I-376’s ‘bathtub,’ rehab 10 bridges, improve busway and highways,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 25, 2024,

Neena Hagen and Hallie Lauer, “Pittsburgh’s run-down bridges face yearslong backlog of repairs, tens of millions in maintenance,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 28, 2024,

Julia Felton, “10th Street Bypass reopens after flooding in Pittsburgh,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, January 30, 2024,

Paula Reed Ward and Julia Felton, “NTSB blames Fern Hollow Bridge collapse on lack of maintenance, repair, oversight,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 21, 2024,

Jacob Geanous, “Latest phase of the Mon-Fayette Expressway unveiled,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 22, 2024,

Rich Cholodofsky, “Westmoreland to consider services similar to Uber and Lyft as public transit options,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 1, 2024,

Neena Hagen, “Despite progress, Pittsburgh’s busiest bridges languish without repairs,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 3, 2024,

Ryan Deto, “Is it time to replace the Mon Incline? Officials ponder its future,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 12, 2024,

Ryan Deto, “Pittsburgh’s hidden T station is getting new life. Is there a future?” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 30, 2024,

Rich Cholodofsky and Ryan Deto, “Barges break free on Ohio River in Pittsburgh; marina damage extensive, Sewickley Bridge reopens again,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 13, 2024,

  1. [1]David Wenner, “Sinkhole swallows part of bus in downtown Pittsburgh,” Harrisburg Patriot-News, October 29, 2019,

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