Illiberalism · Gilead · Secession movements



Secession movements

Fig. 1. “Greater Idaho” would include much of the proposed state of Jefferson. Screen capture by the Sacramento Bee published November 3, 2021.[1]

CBS News Los Angeles, “Official Calls For Riverside, 12 Other Counties To Secede From California,” July 1, 2011,

Jennifer Medina, “California Counties Talk of Cutting Ties to State,” New York Times, July 12, 2011,

Public CEO, “Modoc County Votes to Join Siskiyou in Secessionist Movement,” September 24, 2013,

Evan McMurry, “5 far-right groups trying to secede from America,” Salon, October 12, 2013,

Katie Orr, “The Renewed Effort For The State Of Jefferson,” KPBS, October 28, 2013,

Gregory Ferenstein, “Tim Draper Wants To Split California Into Pieces And Turn Silicon Valley Into Its Own State,” TechCrunch, December 19, 2013,

Jim Miller, “Six Californias initiative fails to make 2016 ballot,” Sacramento Bee, September 12, 2014,

Alexei Koseff, “State of Jefferson brings three more California counties on board,” Sacramento Bee, January 15, 2015,

Elizabeth Larson, “Supervisors vote to place State of Jefferson matter on November 2016 ballot,” Lake County News, March 4, 2015,

Jane Braxton Little, “State of Jefferson proponents again try to persuade Plumas County supervisors,” Sacramento Bee, April 15, 2015,

Eli Nymeyer, “Another step toward Jefferson: 3-2 vote puts secession on November ballot,” Lake County Record-Bee, March 3, 2015,

Alexei Koseff, “State of Jefferson supporters plan bill seeking independence from California,” Sacramento Bee, January 6, 2016,

Mike Pearl, “Meet the California Separatists Leading a New Movement to Secede from the United States,” Vice, February 17, 2016,

Seung Lee, “Calexit? Brexit Buoys California Independence Movement,” Newsweek, June 25, 2016,

Clare Foran, “American Secessionists Dream of Declaring Independence,” Atlantic, July 4, 2016,

Annabelle Timsit, “5 U.S. Independence Movements Inspired by Brexit,” Politico, July 4, 2016,

Olivia Solon, “Silicon Valley investors call for California to secede from the US after Trump win,” Guardian, November 9, 2016,

Lenny Mendonca, “California must lead, not secede,” San Francisco Chronicle, December 18, 2016,

Alexei Koseff, “State of Jefferson supporters plan bill seeking independence from California,” Sacramento Bee, January 6, 2016,

Lake County News, “State of Jefferson update: Plumas supervisors rescind Jefferson advisory vote resolution,” January 14, 2016,–state-of-jefferson-update-plumas-supervisors-rescind-jefferson-advisory-vote-resolution

Elizabeth Larson, “State of Jefferson update: Lassen County residents vote down joining Jefferson, supporters plan assembly,” Lake County News, June 13, 2016,

Sharon Bernstein, “More Californians dreaming of a country without Trump: poll,” Reuters, January 23, 2017,

Nicole Sganga, “Cal-exit? Meet the movement for Californian secession,” CBS News, February 20, 2017,

Thomas Fuller, “California’s Far North Deplores ‘Tyranny’ of the Urban Majority,” New York Times, July 2, 2017,

Reuters, “Tech billionaire says his plan to break up California ready for voters,” April 12, 2018,

Andrea Diaz, “3 Californias? The initiative to break up the state may be on the ballot in November,” CNN, April 13, 2018,

Redding Record-Searchlight, “Siskiyou supervisors support withdrawal from California,” Eureka Times-Standard, July 30, 2018,

Jason Morash and Jason Morash Lake, “County finds Jefferson proposal lacking,” Lake County Record-Bee, August 23, 2018,

Ryan Sabalow, Lara Korte, and Jason Pohl, “Rural California is divided, armed for revolt. What’s the matter in the State of Jefferson?” Sacramento Bee, October 24, 2020,

Ryan Sabalow, “Newsom lost big in California’s conservative State of Jefferson. It barely mattered,” Sacramento Bee, September 15, 2021,

Hailey Branson-Potts, “In red California, anger over recall blowout. ‘The Democratic Party is the New York Yankees,’” Los Angeles Times, September 17, 2021,

Maria L. La Ganga and Anita Chabria, “The Central Valley gives California a recall rarity: a squeaker of a race,” Los Angeles Times, September 18, 2021,

Michael Levenson, “Bye, Maryland? Lawmakers in 3 Counties Float a Plan to Secede From the State,” New York Times, October 22, 2021,

Maddie Capron, “Should Idaho swallow parts of Oregon? Thousands of Oregon voters want it considered,” Sacramento Bee, November 3, 2021,

Dani Anguiano, “California county on track to be run by militia-aligned group,” Guardian, February 3, 2022,

Sam Stanton, “Did Russia provide funding and support for booster of California secession movement?” Sacramento Bee, August 1, 2022,

Christian Martinez, “Could San Bernardino County secede from California? Voters may have a say in November,” Los Angeles Times, August 5, 2022,

David Allen, “Support for San Bernardino County secession ‘overwhelming,’ backer says,” San Bernardino Sun, August 10, 2022,

Dani Anguiano, “A California journalist documents the far-right takeover of her town: ‘We’re a test case,’” Guardian, April 22, 2023,

Matt Vasilogambros, “An Eastern Oregon effort to join Idaho reflects the growing American divide,” Stateline, September 6, 2023,

  1. [1]Maddie Capron, “Should Idaho swallow parts of Oregon? Thousands of Oregon voters want it considered,” Sacramento Bee, November 3, 2021,

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