Illiberalism · Gilead · Donald Trump · Coup attempt



Donald Trump
Coup attempt

Fig. 1. Donald Trump booking photograph by Fulton County (Georgia) Sheriff’s Office, August 24, 2023, via New York, August 25, 2023,[1] public domain.

Fig. 2. “Jake Angeli (Qanon Shaman), seen holding a Qanon sign at the intersection of Bell Rd and 75th Ave in Peoria, Arizona, on 2020 October 15.” Photography by TheUnseen011101 [pseud.], October 15, 2020, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Fig. 3. Department of Justice photograph of seized materials, reportedly partially redacted, via the Washington Post, August 31, 2022,[2] public domain.

Fig. 3. Original: The White House. Derivative work: J. J. Messerly, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Fig. 4. “Jake Angeli (Qanon Shaman), seen holding a Qanon sign at the intersection of Bell Rd and 75th Ave in Peoria, Arizona, on 2020 October 15.” Photography by TheUnseen011101 [pseud.], October 15, 2020, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Mehdi Hasan, “Yes, Let’s Defeat or Impeach Donald Trump. But What If He Refuses to Leave the White House?” Intercept, March 6, 2019,

Will Bunch, “Trump’s diabolical plan to blow up democracy, get reelected and avoid jail just might work,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 5, 2019,

Isaac Stanley-Becker, “Claiming two years of his presidency were ‘stolen,’ Trump suggests he’s owed overtime,” Washington Post, May 6, 2019,

Chris Cillizza, “What happens if Donald Trump refuses to admit he lost in 2020?” CNN, May 6, 2019,

Douglas Perry, “How impeachment could lead to insurrection or even Dems backing Donald Trump,” Oregonian, May 17, 2019,

Peter Nicholas, “Trump’s Dark Assumption About America,” Atlantic, October 30, 2019,

George T. Conway, III, “I believe the president, and in the president,” Washington Post, February 5, 2020,

Ellen Nakashima et al., “Senior intelligence official told lawmakers that Russia wants to see Trump reelected,” Washington Post, February 21, 2020,

Fred Kaplan, “Trump Can’t Just Refuse to Leave Office,” Slate, June 1, 2020,

Ishaan Tharoor, “Is it time to call Trump the f-word?” Washington Post, June 3, 2020,

Oliver Milman, “Trump campaign asks supporters to sign coronavirus waiver ahead of rally,” Guardian, June 12, 2020,

Peter Nicholas, “Trump Could Still Break Democracy’s Biggest Norm,” Atlantic, June 16, 2020,

Eugene Daniels, “Trump campaign blames protesters for disappointing turnout at Tulsa rally,” Politico, June 20, 2020,

Donie O’Sullivan, “TikTok users are trying to troll Trump’s campaign by reserving tickets for Tulsa rally they’ll never use,” CNN, June 20, 2020,

Taylor Lorenz, Kellen Browning, and Sheera Frenkel, “TikTok Teens and K-Pop Stans Say They Sank Trump Rally,” New York Times, June 21, 2020,

Andrew Solender, “Turnout At Trump’s Tulsa Rally Was Just Under 6,200–A Fraction Of The Venue’s 19,200 Capacity,” Forbes, June 21, 2020,

Timothy E. Wirth and Tom Rogers, “How Trump Could Lose the Election—And Still Remain President,” Newsweek, July 3, 2020,

Max Boot, “What if Trump loses but insists he won?” Washington Post, July 6, 2020,

Sean Murphy, “Health official: Trump rally ‘likely’ source of virus surge,” Associated Press, July 8, 2020, copy in possession of author

Matt Ford, “Fear of a Forever-Trump Administration,” New Republic, July 9, 2020,

Felicia Sonmez, “Trump declines to say whether he will accept November election results,” Washington Post, July 19, 2020,

Kevin Liptak and Betsy Klein, “Trump floats delaying election despite lack of authority to do so,” CNN, July 30, 2020,

Amy Gardner, Josh Dawsey, and John Wagner, “Trump encounters broad pushback to his suggestion to delay the Nov. 3 election,” Washington Post, July 30, 2020,

Democracy Now!, “What If Trump Refuses to Accept a Biden Victory? A Look at How Electoral Chaos Could Divide Nation,” August 3, 2020,

Rod Dreher, “Is A New Civil War Possible?” American Conservative, August 4, 2020,

Henry Zeffman, “US election war game sees states ready to secede if Trump is sworn in,” Times, August 4, 2020,

George T. Conway, III, “I (still) believe the president, and in the president,” Washington Post, August 10, 2020,

Ed Kilgore, “How Trump Is Trying to Ensure an Early Election Night Lead,” New York, August 13, 2020,

Robert McCartney, “Here’s one way Trump could try to steal the election, voting experts say,” Washington Post, August 17, 2020,

Eric Lach, “What Happens if Donald Trump Fights the Election Results?” New Yorker, August 21, 2020,

Rosa Brooks, “What’s the worst that could happen?” Washington Post, September 3, 2020,

Robert Costa and Philip Rucker, “Woodward book: Trump says he knew coronavirus was ‘deadly’ and worse than the flu while intentionally misleading Americans,” Washington Post, September 9, 2020,

Rosa Brooks, “Woodward’s ‘Rage’ is a damning account of Trump’s cowering sycophants and enablers,” review of Rage, by Bob Woodward, Washington Post, September 10, 2020,

Colby Itkowitz, “Trump won’t commit to a ‘peaceful transfer of power’ if he loses,” Washington Post, September 23, 2020,

Barton Gellman, “The Election That Could Break America,” Atlantic, September 23, 2020,

Rosalind S. Helderman, Josh Dawsey, and Matt Zapotosky, “Trump’s suggestion of deploying law enforcement officials to monitor polls raises specter of voting intimidation,” Washington Post, August 21, 2020,

Greg Sargent, “On Hannity’s show, Trump reveals his corrupt, panicky endgame,” Washington Post, October 9, 2020,

Jonathan Chait, “Trump Says He Might Leave the Country If He Loses. Does He Mean It?” New York, October 17, 2020,

Josh Barro, “What If Trump Is All Too Eager to Give up Power?” New York, October 19, 2020,

Dan Alexander, “Trump Will Have $900 Million Of Loans Coming Due In His Second Term If He’s Reelected,” Forbes, October 19, 2020,

George T. Conway, III, “I believe in the president, now more than ever,” Washington Post, October 26, 2020,

Melissa Healy, “Super-spreading Trump rallies led to more than 700 COVID-19 deaths, study estimates,” Los Angeles Times, October 31, 2020,

Jane Mayer, “Why Trump Can’t Afford to Lose,” New Yorker, November 1, 2020,

Associated Press, “Leaders of settlers in Israel pray for a Trump victory in the US Election,” Al Arabiya, November 4, 2020,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Trump team eyes legal, political Hail Marys as options for comeback fade,” Politico, November 6, 2020,

David Nakamura, “Trump’s bid to discredit election raises fear that he will undermine a smooth transfer of power,” Washington Post, November 8, 2020,

Mark Bray, “Trump’s Baseless Fraud Accusations Are Already Sparking Far Right Violence,” Truthout, November 9, 2020,

Deb Erdley, “State lawmakers call for creation of a panel to investigate, audit election,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 10, 2020,

Marjorie Cohn, “Trump’s Frivolous Lawsuits Are the Tip of the Iceberg in His Refusal to Concede,” Truthout, November 11, 2020,

Aaron Blake, “Trump lawyers suffer embarrassing rebukes from judges over voter fraud claims,” Washington Post, November 11, 2020,

Jonathan Freedland, “This is no conventional coup. Trump is paving the way for a ‘virtual Confederacy,'” Guardian, November 13, 2020,

Mike Allen, “Trump eyes digital media empire to take on Fox News,” Axios, November 12, 2020,

Marissa J. Lang et al., “After thousands of Trump supporters rally in D.C., violence erupts when night falls,” Washington Post, November 15, 2020,

Fred Hiatt, “Trump is putting this country through something unprecedented. Here are three scenarios,” Washington Post, November 15, 2020,

Kayla Ruble and Tom Hamburger, “Board in key Michigan county fails, then agrees, to certify vote totals by deadline,” Washington Post, November 17, 2020,

Pam Fessler, “Led By Giuliani, Trump Campaign Effort To Stop Certification Falters In Pennsylvania,” National Public Radio, November 17, 2020,

Stephanie Saul, “Lindsey Graham’s Long-Shot Mission to Unravel the Election Results,” New York Times, November 17, 2020,

Paula Reed Ward, “Federal judge to consider whether to dismiss case filed by Trump campaign in Pa.,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 17, 2020,

Josh Gerstein, “Trump campaign revises Pennsylvania suit, again,” Politico, November 18, 2020,

Robin Givhan, “Rudy Giuliani is a mess,” Washington Post, November 18, 2020,

Philip Rucker, Amy Gardner, and Josh Dawsey, “Trump uses power of presidency to try to overturn the election and stay in office,” Washington Post, November 19, 2020,

Jon Swaine, “In scathing opinion, federal judge dismisses Trump campaign lawsuit in Pennsylvania,” Washington Post, November 21, 2020,

Stephen Caruso, “Pa. conservatives’ hopes for subpoena-fueled election investigation quashed by political reality,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, November 22, 2020,

Josh Glancy, “Beaten Trump may never be able to retire to his winter White House,” Times, November 22, 2020,

Toluse Olorunnipa, Amy B. Wang, and Chelsea Janes, “Trump’s quest to overturn election runs into quiet resistance from local and state Republicans,” Washington Post, November 21, 2020,

Philip Rucker, Ashley Parker, and Josh Dawsey, “Trump privately plots his next act — including a potential 2024 run,” Washington Post, November 21, 2020,

Miranda Bryant, “Trump faces pressure from Republicans to drop ‘corrosive’ fight to overturn election,” Guardian, November 22, 2020,

Jeff Mason and Trevor Hunnicutt, “Trump finally gives the green light to proceed with Biden transition,” Reuters, November 23, 2020,

Josh Dawsey, “Trump commits to stepping down if electoral college votes for Biden,” Washington Post, November 26, 2020,

Jan Murphy, “26 state House Republicans call for withdrawing certification of presidential electors,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 28, 2020,

Elise Viebeck, “Pennsylvania Supreme Court dismisses lawsuit against mail ballots with prejudice in another defeat for Trump,” Washington Post, November 28, 2020,

Philip Rucker et al., “20 days of fantasy and failure: Inside Trump’s quest to overturn the election,” Washington Post, November 28, 2020,

Greg Sargent, “Georgia Republicans beg Trump to release them from his prison of lies,” Washington Post, December 1, 2020,

Amy Gardner, Emma Brown, and Rosalind S. Helderman, “Wisconsin and Arizona make it official as Trump fails to stop vote certification in all six states where he contested his defeat,” Washington Post, November 30, 2020,

Allie Malloy and Veronica Stracqualursi, “Trump pledges ‘orderly’ transition after riot and Biden win certification,” CNN, January 7, 2021,

Sadie Gurman and Jacob Gershman, “Barr Says No Evidence Voter Fraud Changed Election Outcome,” Wall Street Journal, December 1, 2020,

John Cassidy, “Donald Trump’s Latest Grift May Be His Most Cynical Yet,” New Yorker, December 3, 2020,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Donald Trump’s brutal day in court,” Politico, December 4, 2020,

Stephen Caruso, “GOP leaders — once again — say they can’t overturn election results, but send letter disputing results to Congress,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, December 4, 2020,

Aram Roston and Brad Heath, “Trump campaign spent more than $2 million on election lawyers, including Jenna Ellis,” Reuters, December 4, 2020,

Simon Lewis, “Trump unveils $207 million fundraising haul after election in effort to overturn result,” Reuters, December 3, 2020,

Peter Slevin, “Trump’s Election-Fraud Bluster Finds an Audience,” New Yorker, December 5, 2020,

Kristen Holmes and Veronica Stracqualursi, “Trump pressured Georgia governor in call to help overturn Biden’s win in state,” CNN, December 5, 2020,

Robert Barnes, “Supreme Court denies Trump allies’ bid to overturn Pennsylvania election results,” Washington Post, December 8, 2020,

Kim Bellware and John Wagner, “Letter from 1,500 attorneys says Trump campaign lawyers don’t have ‘license to lie,’” Washington Post, December 8, 2020,

Rachael Bade, Josh Dawsey, and Tom Hamburger, “Trump pressures congressional Republicans to help in his fight to overturn the election,” Washington Post, December 9, 2020,

Robert Barnes, “Supreme Court dismisses bid led by Texas attorney general to overturn the presidential election results, blocking Trump’s legal path to a reversal of his loss,” Washington Post, December 11, 2020,

Christina Zhao, “Pro-Trump Rally Chants ‘Destroy the GOP,’ Boos Georgia ‘RINOs,’” Loeffler and Perdue,” Newsweek, December 12, 2020,

David Charter, “Trump announces law chief Bill Barr has quit as electoral college backs Joe Biden,” Times, December 15, 2020,

Marianne Levine and Melanie Zanona, “McConnell warns Senate Republicans against challenging election results,” Politico, December 15, 2020,

Michael Lind, “The ZIP Codes That Rule America,” Tablet, December 16, 2020,

Tina Nguyen, “MAGA leaders call for the troops to keep Trump in office,” Politico, December 18, 2020,

Mike Allen and Jonathan Swan, “Pentagon halts Biden transition briefings,” Axios, December 18, 2020,

Jonathan Chait, “Trump Floats Coup Plan That’s So Wild Even Rudy Giuliani Is Terrified,” New York, December 19, 2020,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Trump sought to tap Sidney Powell as special counsel for election fraud,” Politico, December 20, 2020,

Felicia Sonmez et al., “A frustrated Trump redoubles efforts to challenge election result,” Washington Post, December 20, 2020,

Casey Michel, “What All the Secession Talk Really Means,” Politico, December 21, 2020,

Matt Zapotosky, “Undercutting Trump, Barr says there’s no basis for seizing voting machines, using special counsels for election fraud, Hunter Biden,” Washington Post, December 21, 2020,

Jonathan Swan, “Trump turns on everyone,” Axios, December 22, 2020,

Seung Min Kim, Josh Dawsey, and Toluse Olorunnipa, “Republicans plunge into open battle over attempts to overturn Trump’s loss to Biden,” Washington Post, December 22, 2020,

Paul Campos, “Pence Should Remove Trump From Office on Sunday,” New York, December 23, 2020,

Pamela Brown and Kevin Liptak, “Frustrated Trump met with Pence before holiday break,” CNN, December 24, 2020,

Lauren Fox, Jeremy Herb, and Phil Mattingly, “Congressional GOP grapples with ‘unhinged’ Trump,” CNN, December 23, 2020,

Kyle Cheney, “Gohmert suit may force Pence’s hand in effort to overturn Trump’s defeat,” Politico, December 28, 2020,

Bill Kristol, [Twitter thread], Thread Reader App, December 31, 2020,

Devlin Barrett, “Judge dismisses Gohmert lawsuit seeking to stymie Biden electoral college count,” Washington Post, January 1, 2021,

Elizabeth Thompson, “Texas congressman suggests street violence after judge rejects his legal effort to overturn election,” Chicago Tribune, January 2, 2021,

Saint Louis Post-Dispatch, “At least 11 GOP senators will back Missouri Sen. Josh Hawley in voting to reject electors,” January 2, 2021,

Amy Gardner, “‘I just want to find 11,780 votes’: In extraordinary hour-long call, Trump pressures Georgia secretary of state to recalculate the vote in his favor,” Washington Post, January 3, 2021,

Ashton Carter et al., “All 10 living former defense secretaries: Involving the military in election disputes would cross into dangerous territory,” Washington Post, January 3, 2021,

David Nakamura, “With brazen assault on election, Trump prompts critics to warn of a coup,” Washington Post, January 5, 2021,

Maggie Haberman and Annie Karni, “Pence Said to Have Told Trump He Lacks Power to Change Election Result,” New York Times, January 5, 2021,

Ted Barrett, Manu Raju, and Peter Nickeas, “US Capitol secured, woman dead after rioters stormed the halls of Congress to block Biden’s win,” CNN, January 6, 2021,

Richard M. Nixon [Justin Sherin], [Twitter thread], Thread Reader App, January 6, 2021,

Joshua Jamerson, Cameron McWhirter, and Valerie Bauerlein, “Georgia Senate Wins by Democrats Followed Years of Party Organizing,” Wall Street Journal, January 6, 2021,

Talia Lavin, “The Violent Crescendo of the MAGA Conspiracies,” New Republic, January 6, 2021,

Nicolás Rivero, “Is America experiencing a coup?” Quartz, January 6, 2021,

Alana Wise, “‘Will Not Be Intimidated’: After Insurrection, Congress Blocks State Objections,” National Public Radio, January 6, 2021,

Laura E. Adkins and Emily Burack, “Neo-Nazis, QAnon and Camp Auschwitz: A guide to the hate symbols and signs on display at the Capitol riots,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 7, 2021,

Meagan Flynn and Fenit Nirappil, “Democratic control of Senate — and Capitol breach — put D.C. statehood front and center,” Washington Post, January 7, 2021,

Margi Murphy, “Facebook, Instagram and Twitter lock Donald Trump’s accounts after praise for Capitol Hill rioters,” Telegraph, January 7, 2021,

Jeremy Herb et al., “Congress completes electoral count, finalizing Biden’s win after violent delay from pro-Trump mob,” CNN, January 7, 2021,

Philip Rucker et al., “Aides weigh resignations, removal options as Trump rages against perceived betrayals,” Washington Post, January 7, 2021,

Tony Romm and Elizabeth Dwoskin, “Trump banned from Facebook indefinitely, CEO Mark Zuckerberg says,” Washington Post, January 7, 2021,

Devlin Barrett, “Trump’s remarks before Capitol riot may be investigated, says acting U.S. attorney in D.C.,” Washington Post, January 7, 2021,

John Kruzel, “Supreme Court rejects Gohmert’s last-ditch election suit against Pence,” Hill, January 7, 2021,

Olivia Nuzzi, “Senior Trump Official: We Were Wrong, He’s a ‘Fascist,’” New York, January 8, 2021,

Nitasha Tiku, Tony Romm, and Craig Timberg, “Twitter bans Trump’s account, citing risk of further violence,” Washington Post, January 8, 2021,

Peter Beaumont, “Donald Trump fans cry betrayal as he rebukes Capitol violence,” Guardian, January 8, 2021,

Aruna Viswanatha, Sadie Gurman, and Cameron McWhirter, “White House Forced Georgia U.S. Attorney to Resign,” Wall Street Journal, January 9, 2021,

Tim Higgins and Keach Hagey, “Apple, Amazon Move to Marginalize Parler,” Wall Street Journal, January 9, 2021,

Seren Morris, “What Does Insurrection or Sedition Mean? Definition of Words Used To Describe Capitol Riot,” Newsweek, January 7, 2021,

Ron Kampeas, “Biden: Capitol marauders are ‘thugs, insurrectionists and anti-Semites’ who should be prosecuted,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 8, 2021,

Jonathan Stevenson, “Trump’s Lingering Menace,” New York Review of Books, January 9, 2021,

Craig Timberg, Drew Harwell, and Marissa J. Lang, “Capitol siege was planned online. Trump supporters now planning the next one,” Washington Post, January 9, 2021,

Jennifer Haberkorn, “Republicans block House resolution calling on Pence to remove Trump over Capitol riot,” Los Angeles Times, January 11, 2021,

Fiona Hill, “Yes, It Was a Coup. Here’s Why,” Politico, January 11, 2021,

Matt Stieb, “Capitol Police Suspends Cops for Allegedly Siding With Pro-Trump Mob,” New York, January 11, 2021,

Andrew G. McCabe and David C. Williams, “Trump’s New Criminal Problem,” Politico, January 11, 2021,

Josh Dawsey, “Trump campaign has finally stopped their fundraising emails. They raised more than $200 million after the election with hundreds of pitches to donors to help overturn it,” Twitter, January 12, 2021,

Devlin Barrett and Matt Zapotosky, “FBI report warned of ‘war’ at Capitol, contradicting claims there was no indication of looming violence,” Washington Post, January 12, 2021,

Josh Gerstein and Kyle Cheney, “DOJ probing sedition in connection with Capitol riot,” Politico, January 12, 2021,

Clare Foran, “House approves resolution calling to remove Trump despite Pence rejecting 25th Amendment push,” CNN, January 13, 2021,

Rachel Lerman, “Trump has been suspended from YouTube,” Washington Post, January 13, 2021,

Zachary Cohen and Geneva Sands, “20,000 National Guard troops expected in Washington for Biden’s inauguration,” CNN, January 13, 2021,

Janet Hook and Jennifer Haberkorn, “House impeaches Trump for the second time, focus shifts to Senate trial,” Los Angeles Times, January 13, 2021,

Michael Kranish, Karoun Demirjian, and Devlin Barrett, “Democrats demand investigation of whether Republicans in Congress aided Capitol rioters,” Washington Post, January 13, 2021,

Eric Lutz, “Trump Is Reportedly Stiffing Rudy Giuliani on Legal Fees,” Vanity Fair, January 14, 2021,

Brad Heath and Sarah N. Lynch, “U.S. says Capitol rioters meant to ‘capture and assassinate’ officials – filing,” Reuters, January 15, 2021,

Katelyn Polantz, “US takes back its assertion that Capitol rioters wanted to ‘capture and assassinate’ officials,” CNN, January 15, 2021,

Gerald F. Seib, “Where Trump Came From—and Where Trumpism Is Going,” Wall Street Journal, January 15, 2021,

Carol D. Leonnig, “Capitol Police intelligence report warned three days before attack that ‘Congress itself’ could be targeted,” Washington Post, January 15, 2021,

Danielle Kurtzleben, “Macho Politics Defined Trump’s Presidency, Culminating With Capitol Riot,” National Public Radio, January 18, 2021,

Josh Gerstein, “‘Are you QAnon?’: One Trump official’s brush with an internet cult gone horribly wrong,” Politico, January 19, 2021,

Spencer S. Hsu, Tom Jackman, and Devlin Barrett, “Self-styled militia members planned on storming the U.S. Capitol days in advance of Jan. 6 attack, court documents say,” Washington Post, January 19, 2021,

Aruna Viswanatha, “Conspiracy Charges Filed Over Capitol Riot,” Wall Street Journal, January 19, 2021,

Jeff Seldin, “President Biden Takes Oath of Office Amid Heavy Security,” Global Security, January 20, 2021,

Jeremy W. Peters, “‘They Have Not Legitimately Won’: Pro-Trump Media Keeps the Disinformation Flowing,” New York Times, January 20, 2021,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “Trump Wanted a Big Sendoff—and Didn’t Get It,” New Yorker, January 21, 2021,

Megan K. Stack, “The Week the Trump Supporters Disappeared,” New Yorker, January 22, 2021,

Katie Benner and Catie Edmondson, “Pennsylvania Lawmaker Played Key Role in Trump’s Plot to Oust Acting Attorney General,” New York Times, January 23, 2021,

George T. Conway, III, “Donald Trump’s new reality,” Washington Post, January 22, 2021,

Paul Sonne, “Pentagon restricted commander of D.C. Guard ahead of Capitol riot,” Washington Post, January 26, 2021,

Holly Otterbein, “Pennsylvania GOP pledges full allegiance to Trump,” Politico, January 26, 2021,

Spencer S. Hsu, Rachel Weiner, and Tom Jackman, “Self-styled militia members in three states began planning in November for recruits, weapons ahead of Capitol breach, U.S. alleges,” Washington Post, January 27, 2021,

Daniel Bush, “The post-Trump identity crisis that’s fracturing the GOP,” Public Broadcasting System, February 5, 2021,

Ed Pilkington, “Seditionaries: FBI net closes on Maga mob that stormed the Capitol,” Guardian, February 6, 2021,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “What’s at Stake in Trump’s Second Impeachment Trial,” New Yorker, February 7, 2021,

Amy Gardner et al., “House impeachment managers emphasize the danger to Pence and other top officials in harrowing retelling of Jan. 6 attack,” Washington Post, February 10, 2021,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “Trump’s Impeachment-Trial Lawyers Refuse to Seriously Engage with the Constitutional Issues,” New Yorker, February 10, 2021,

Andrew Desiderio, Burgess Everett, and Marianne Levine, “Trump on path to acquittal despite stunning evidence,” Politico, February 11, 2021,

Dan Balz, “All eyes on Republican senators after strong presentation by House managers,” Washington Post, February 12, 2021,

Burgess Everett and Marianne Levine, “Senate GOP gripped by conviction vote intrigue,” Politico, February 12, 2021,

Jamie Gangel et al., “New details about Trump-McCarthy shouting match show Trump refused to call off the rioters,” CNN, February 12, 2021,

Steve Almond, “The GOP’s Final Act In A Long Public Surrender,” WBUR, February 13, 2021,

Burgess Everett, Heather Caygle, and Marianne Levine, “Inside Democrats’ witness fiasco,” Politico, February 13, 2021,

Jennifer Haberkorn and Evan Halper, “7 Republicans vote guilty, but Senate acquits Trump in attack on Capitol,” Los Angeles Times, February 13, 2021,

David Cohen, “Georgia State Bar seeking to discipline Lin Wood,” Politico, February 14, 2021,

Rachel Weiner and Spencer S. Hsu, “Capitol riot defendants facing jail have regrets. Judges aren’t buying it,” Washington Post, February 26, 2021,

Deb Erdley, “Toomey censure remains on hold with Pennsylvania Republicans,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, February 27, 2021,

Sarah Baxter, “Bad news for Donald Trump Jr: the right is fast tiring of Trumps,” Times, February 28, 2021,

Ben Sales, “CPAC denies its stage was a Nazi symbol, as host hotel calls the symbol ‘abhorrent,’” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 1, 2021,

Amy Gardner, “Trump pressured a Georgia elections investigator in a separate call legal experts say could amount to obstruction,” Washington Post, March 11, 2021,

Stephen Collinson, “Trump’s army takes aim at 2022 touting his election lies,” CNN, March 23, 2021,

Katelyn Polantz, “Prosecutors allege Oath Keepers leader and Proud Boys coordinated before Capitol attack,” CNN, March 24, 2021,

Josh Gerstein, “Justice Thomas grumbles over Trump’s social media ban,” Politico, April 5, 2021,

Maggie Haberman, “Shades of 2016: Republicans Stay Silent on Trump, Hoping He Fades Away,” New York Times, April 14, 2021,

David Siders, “‘It’s almost like insanity’: GOP base continues to lash out over Trump’s defeat,” Politico, April 20, 2021,

Elizabeth Dwoskin and Cat Zakrzewski, “Facebook’s Oversight Board upheld the social network’s decision to ban Trump,” Washington Post, May 5, 2021,

Brian Klaas, “Why personality cults and democracy don’t mix,” Washington Post, May 14, 2021,

Jennifer Morrell, “I watched the GOP’s Arizona election audit. It was worse than you think,” Washington Post, May 19, 2021,

Jason Wilson, “Police records show threats to kill lawmakers in wake of Capitol attack,” Guardian, May 23, 2021,

Fred Kaplan, “How the Military Should Deal With Its Michael Flynn Problem,” Slate, June 1, 2021,

Bess Levin, “Trump Has Reportedly Been Telling People He’s Going to Be President Again by August, Which Would Suggest He’s Planning a Coup (Or Has Fully Descended Into Madness),” Vanity Fair, June 1, 2021,

Alex Shephard, “Trump’s Republicans Want a Coup,” New Republic, June 1, 2021,

Jonathan Chait, “Trump Sycophants Pleading for Less Coup Talk at Saturday Rally,” New York, June 4, 2021,

Elizabeth Dwoskin, “Facebook suspends Trump for 2 years in response to Oversight Board ruling,” Washington Post, June 4, 2021,

David A. Graham, “This Isn’t Normal, Either,” Atlantic, June 5, 2021,

Meredith McGraw, “Trump reemerges on the trail and plays the hits of yore,” Politico, June 5, 2021,

Max Boot, “Too many people are still underestimating the Trump threat,” Washington Post, June 7, 2021,

Stephen Caruso, “Pa. election audit a ‘very real possibility,’ top Pa. Senate Republican says after meeting activists,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, June 17, 2021,

Reid J. Epstein, “Michigan Republicans Debunk Voter Fraud Claims in Unsparing Report,” New York Times, June 23, 2021,

Spencer S. Hsu, “500 arrested in Jan. 6 Capitol riot, including first charged with assault on media member, Garland announces,” Washington Post, June 24, 2021,

Erica Orden, Veronica Stracqualursi, and Katelyn Polantz, “Rudy Giuliani suspended from practicing law in New York state,” CNN, June 24, 2021,

Robert A. Pape and Keven Ruby, “The Capitol Rioters Aren’t Like Other Extremists,” Atlantic, February 2, 2021,

Robert A. Pape, “What an analysis of 377 Americans arrested or charged in the Capitol insurrection tells us,” Washington Post, April 6, 2021,

Cat Zakrzewski, “Federal judge blocks Florida law that would penalize social media companies,” Washington Post, June 30, 2021,

Jonah E. Bromwich and Maggie Haberman, “Former In-Law of Trump Executive Gives Prosecutors Boxes of Documents,” New York Times, July 1, 2021,

Jacques Billeaud, “Rioters accused of erasing content from social media, phones,” Associated Press, July 3, 2021,

Heidi Przybyla, “Despite rebukes, Trump’s legal brigade is thriving,” Politico, July 5, 2022,

Cameron Joseph, “‘So, So Angry’: Reporters Who Survived the Capitol Riot Are Still Struggling,” Vice, July 6, 2021,

Associated Press, “State Sen. Doug Mastriano opens Pennsylvania election audit plan,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 7, 2021,

Philip Bump, “Why Trump is taking the unusual step of actually filing a lawsuit he had threatened,” Washington Post, July 7, 2021,

Jacob Silverman, ”Trump’s Social Media Lawsuit Is Doomed to Fail (and Work Exactly as Planned),” New Republic, July 7, 2021,

Marley Parish, Stephen Caruso, and Cassie Miller, “Pa. GOP lawmaker — and Trump ally — Mastriano initiates ‘forensic investigation’ into state elections,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, July 7, 2021,

Zoe Tillman, “Trump’s Social Media Lawsuits Feature A Mashup Of Arguments Courts Have Already Rejected,” Buzzfeed, July 7, 2021,

Cat Zakrzewski and Rachel Lerman, “Trump files class action lawsuits targeting Facebook, Google and Twitter over ‘censorship’ of conservatives,” Washington Post, July 7, 2021,

Jaclyn Diaz, “An Appeals Court Has Suspended Rudy Giuliani’s Ability To Practice Law In D.C.,” National Public Radio, July 8, 2021,

Fred Hiatt, “Legally, Trump’s tech lawsuit is a joke. But it raises a serious question,” Washington Post, July 8, 2021,

Amanda Marcotte, “Right-wing Twitter imitations don’t work — and Trump desperately wants back on real social media,” Salon, July 8, 2021,–and-trump-desperately-wants-back-on-real-social-media/

Melanie Zanona, “McCarthy’s management style tested by his conference’s most extreme members,” CNN, July 9, 2021,

Meaghan Ellis, “DOJ sounds alarm over Trump’s insinuations that he’ll be ‘reinstalled’ in August,” Salon, July 10, 2021,

Josh Gerstein, “Lawyers retreat from pro-Trump election suit,” Politico, July 12, 2021,

Jan Wolfe and David Thomas, “Judge eyes sanctions on pro-Trump lawyers who claimed voter fraud,” Reuters, July 12, 2021,

Jamie Gangel et al., “‘They’re not going to f**king succeed’: Top generals feared Trump would attempt a coup after election, according to new book,” CNN, July 14, 2021,

Ed Kilgore, “Trump’s Kind of Coup Is Indeed a Contested Election,” New York, July 15, 2021,

Associated Press, “Pennsylvania election audit gets GOP campaign trail embrace,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, July 18, 2021,

Eugene Scott, “Pennsylvania decertifies county voting system following private company audit promoted by pro-Trump state senators,” Washington Post, July 21, 2021,

Peter Hermann, “‘Some are still suffering’: Months after Capitol riot, police who fought the mob contend with physical, psychological pain,” Washington Post, July 24, 2021,

Alexa Corse, “Capitol Police Officer Describes Fighting ‘Hand to Hand, Inch by Inch’ in Jan. 6 Testimony,” Wall Street Journal, July 27, 2021,

Alistair Dawber, “This is how I’m going to die: Officer feared Capitol mob would kill him,” Times, July 28, 2021,

Robert Reich, “A Trump bombshell quietly dropped last week. And it should shock us all,” Guardian, August 3, 2021,

Rosalind S. Helderman, “‘The stuff of which violent insurrections are made:’ Federal judge punishes Colorado lawyers for 2020 election lawsuit,” Washington Post, August 4, 2021,

Josh Gerstein, “Judge suggests feds are too lenient toward Jan. 6 defendants,” Politico, August 9, 2021,

Mark Scolforo, “Pennsylvania county asks senator to stop seeking vote audit,” Associated Press, August 9, 2021,

Associated Press, “GOP senator’s plan to issue Pennsylvania election subpoenas ‘stopped,’” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 19, 2021,

Greg Sargent, “As the MAGA-land crackup gets worse, a few voices plead for sanity,” Washington Post, August 20, 2021,

Jan Wolfe, “‘Profound abuse’: Judge disciplines pro-Trump lawyers over election lawsuit,” Reuters, August 25, 2021, copy in possession of author

Whitney Wild and Chandelis Duster, “Seven US Capitol Police officers sue former President Trump, Stop the Steal organizers over January 6 riot,” CNN, August 26, 2021,

Angela Couloumbis, “Pa.’s legislative leaders wield extraordinary power, and the election audit fight proves it,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 27, 2021,

Associated Press, “Republicans start election ‘investigation’ in Pennsylvania,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, September 9, 2021,

Andrew Seidman and Jonathan Lai, “Pa. Republicans started their ‘forensic investigation’ of the 2020 election. It’s still unclear what that means,” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 9, 2021,

Tina Nguyen, “To Be or Not to Be: Trump’s Big 2024 Question,” Puck, September 13, 2021,

Luke Broadwater, “Republicans, Wary of Political Fallout, Steer Clear of Rally for Riot Suspects,” New York Times, September 15, 2021,

Alisha Rahaman Sarkar, “Trump predicts America will cease to exist in three years in rambling Newsmax interview,” Independent, September 15, 2021,

Jennifer Rubin, “Milley’s revelation about Trump leaves us with five questions,” Washington Post, September 15, 2021,

Elise Viebeck and Rosalind S. Helderman, “Pennsylvania GOP lawmakers approve wide-ranging subpoenas for personal information of 2020 voters,” Washington Post, September 16, 2021,

Karoun Demirjian and John Wagner, “Biden comes to Milley’s defense after revelation top general, fearing Trump, conferred with China to avert war,” Washington Post, September 16, 2021,

Geneva Sands, “DHS warns of potential for violence surrounding the ‘Justice for J6’ rally in intelligence brief,” CNN, September 16, 2021,

Emily Davies et al., “‘Justice for J6’ rally starts and ends with small crowds and tight security,” Washington Post, September 18, 2021,

Jonathan Lai, “Pa. Senate Democrats sue Republicans to block election review subpoena,” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 18, 2021,

Isaac Stanley-Becker, “Lindsey Graham and Mike Lee personally vetted Trump’s fraud claims, new book says. They were unpersuaded,” Washington Post, September 20, 2021,

Aymann Ismail, “Trumpists Don’t Need Rallies Anymore,” Slate, September 21, 2021,

William Rivers Pitt, “The Rally for the Capitol Mob Fizzled, But This May Be the Calm Before the Storm,” Truthout, September 21, 2021,

Kaleigh Rogers, “Jan. 6 Has Given The Right Hundreds Of New Martyrs,” FiveThirtyEight, September 22, 2021,

Tom Hamburger and Jacqueline Alemany, “Biden White House leans toward releasing information about Trump and Jan. 6 attack, setting off legal and political showdown,” Washington Post, September 23, 2021,

Robert Kagan, “Our constitutional crisis is already here,” Washington Post, September 23, 2021,

Rosalind S. Helderman, “Arizona ballot review commissioned by Republicans reaffirms Biden’s victory,” Washington Post, September 24, 2021,

Meaghan Ellis, “Legal expert explains how the walls are closing in on a flustered Trump,” Raw Story, September 25, 2021,

Peter Stone, “Rudy Giuliani Is (Probably) Screwed,” New York, October 1, 2021,

Adela Suliman, “Trump asks court to force Twitter to reinstate his account,” Washington Post, October 2, 2021,

Philip Bump, “‘The coup didn’t work’ is not a reassuring argument,” Washington Post, October 4, 2021,

Peter Stone, “Criminal inquiry into Trump’s Georgia election interference gathers steam,” Guardian, October 5, 2021,

Aaron Blake, “3 takeaways from the Senate report on Trump’s brazen efforts to overturn the 2020 election,” Washington Post, October 7, 2021,

Aaron Blake, “The GOP’s fanciful defense of Trump’s DOJ plot,” Washington Post, October 7, 2021,

David Montgomery, “What Wyoming Really Thinks of Liz Cheney,” Washington Post, October 7, 2021,

Tina Nguyen, “Javanka ’24: Will They or Won’t They?” Puck, October 7, 2021,

Olivier Knox, “How The Simpsons explains the GOP’s latest Trump defense,” Washington Post, October 8, 2021,

David Smith, “The silence of Donald Trump: how Twitter’s ban is cramping his style,” Guardian, October 9, 2021,

Jeremy Schwartz, “Trump Won the County in a Landslide. His Supporters Still Hounded the Elections Administrator Until She Resigned,” ProPublica, October 12, 2021,

Josh Dawsey and Michael Scherer, “Trump asserts his dominance inside GOP, pushing Republicans to embrace his false claims of fraud,” Washington Post, October 14, 2021,

Greg Sargent, “Trump’s latest eruption at Republicans captures a core insight about GOP voters,” Washington Post, October 14, 2021,

Craig Timberg, Elizabeth Dwoskin, and Reed Albergotti, “Inside Facebook, Jan. 6 violence fueled anger, regret over missed warning signs,” Washington Post, October 22, 2021,

Timothy Bella, “Florida judge rules Trump can’t skirt Twitter’s terms just because he was president, in latest legal setback,” Washington Post, October 27, 2021,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “‘Almost schizophrenic’: Judge rips DOJ approach to Jan. 6 prosecutions,” Politico, October 28, 2021,

Eric Levitz, “The GOP Got Away With All of It,” New York, November 3, 2021,

Charlie Savage, “Judge Rejects Trump’s Bid to Keep Papers Secret in Jan. 6 Inquiry,” New York Times, November 9, 2021,

Kyle Cheney et al., “Steve Bannon indicted for defying Jan. 6 committee investigation,” Politico, November 12, 2021,

Matt Ford, “The Dark Side of Steve Bannon’s Contempt Case,” New Republic, November 17, 2021,

Chris Cillizza, “The ‘Donald Trump for speaker’ idea won’t die,” CNN, November 19, 2021,

Rosalind S. Helderman, “Judge orders two lawyers who filed suit challenging 2020 election to pay hefty fees: ‘They need to take responsibility,’” Washington Post, November 22, 2021,

Hannah Rabinowitz and Holmes Lybrand, “Al Gore ‘was a man’ about his election loss, unlike Trump, federal judge says,” CNN, November 22, 2021,

Julia Ioffe, “Murdoch’s Big Lie and Putin at the Gates,” Puck, November 23, 2021,

Joe Napsha, “Process of pending Pennsylvania election audit remains shrouded in secrecy,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, November 23, 2021,

Martin Pengelly, “Trump double negative: Twitter sees proof positive of no electoral fraud,” Guardian, December 5, 2021,

Barton Gellman, “Trump’s Next Coup Has Already Begun,” Atlantic, December 6, 2021,

Betsy Woodruff Swan and Meridith McGraw, “‘Absolute liars’: Ex-D.C. Guard official says generals lied to Congress about Jan. 6,” Politico, December 6, 2021,

Jackie Calmes, “Trump latest warning sign: Stacking election posts with Big Lie supporters,” Los Angeles Times, December 9, 2021,

Spencer S. Hsu and Ann E. Marimow, “Trump White House records can be released in Jan. 6 probe pending Supreme Court review, appeals court rules,” Washington Post, December 9, 2021,

Daniel Strauss, “It’s Officially Time to Start Worrying About the January 6 Committee,” New Republic, December 9, 2021,

Andrew Feinberg, “Explosive PowerPoint presentation detailing plan to overturn election for Trump discovered by Jan 6 committee,” Independent, December 10, 2021,

Betsy Woodruff Swan and Kyle Cheney, “Trump campaign lawyer authored two memos claiming Pence could halt Biden’s victory,” Politico, December 10, 2021,

Emma Brown et al., “Election denier who circulated Jan. 6 PowerPoint says he met with Meadows at White House,” Washington Post, December 11, 2021,

Quinta Jurecic, “Why the January 6 Investigation Is Weirdly Static,” Atlantic, December 11, 2021,

Greg Sargent, “Mark Meadows’s coverup of Trump’s coup attempt is falling apart,” Washington Post, December 13, 2021,

Times of Israel, “Don’t make us choose — you or Israel: Evangelical warns Trump over Netanyahu rift,” December 15, 2021,

David Rohde, “Is There a Smoking Gun in the January 6th Investigation?” New Yorker, December 15, 2021,

Matt Zapotosky, “Meadows referral creates new legal, political challenge for Garland and DOJ,” Washington Post, December 15, 2021,

Dana Milbank, “‘We are closer to civil war than any of us would like to believe,’ new study says,” Washington Post, December 17, 2021,

Rachel Weiner, “Lead Capitol riot charge is constitutional, judges find,” Washington Post, December 20, 2021,

Josh Gohlke, “Wishing the Jan. 6 Capitol rioters – and their ringleaders – a miserable little Christmas,” Sacramento Bee, December 23, 2021,

Maya Yang, “Capitol rioters hit with severe sentences and sharp reprimands from judges,” Guardian, December 23, 2021,

William Rivers Pitt, “Donald Trump Has Spent the Last Two Weeks Offending His Closest Allies,” Truthout, December 28, 2021,

Jesse O’Neill, “Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene suggests a ‘national divorce’ between red and blue states,” New York Post, December 29, 2021,

Dan Balz, Scott Clement, and Emily Guskin, “Republicans and Democrats divided over Jan. 6 insurrection and Trump’s culpability, Post-UMD poll finds,” Washington Post, January 1, 2022,

Rachel Bade and Zack Stanton, “4 startling polls you should read about Jan. 6,” Politico, January 2, 2022,

Thomas Homer-Dixon, “The American polity is cracked, and might collapse. Canada must prepare,” Globe and Mail, January 2, 2022,

Drew Harwell, “Since Jan. 6, the pro-Trump Internet has descended into infighting over money and followers,” Washington Post, January 3, 2022,

Jacob Bacharach, “The Next Coup Attempt Will Be More Dangerous,” review of The Steal: The Attempt to Overturn the 2020 Election and the People Who Stopped It by Mark Bowden and Matthew Teague, New Republic, January 4, 2022,

Philip Bump, “What we’re talking about when we talk about civil war,” Washington Post, January 4, 2022,

Stephen Marche, “The next US civil war is already here – we just refuse to see it,” Guardian, January 4, 2022,

Bruce Hoffman, “A Year After January 6, Is Accelerationism the New Terrorist Threat?” Council on Foreign Relations, January 5, 2022,

Ashley Parker, Amy Gardner and Josh Dawsey, “How Republicans became the party of Trump’s election lie after Jan. 6,” Washington Post, January 5, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The Scariest Thing About Marjorie Taylor Greene,” Atlantic, January 6, 2022,

Daniel McCarthy, “January 6 was an alarm bell,” Spectator, January 6, 2022,

Ben Sixsmith, “The Capitol riot transformed right-wing activism in America,” Spectator, January 6, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “My Country, Right or Far Right?: January 6th and the World It Created,&rdq; Puck, January 6, 2022,

Quinta Jurecic, Andrew Kent, and Benjamin Wittes, “What Merrick Garland Said About Jan. 6,” Lawfare, January 6, 2022,

Marc Levy, “Court won’t block entire election ‘investigation’ subpoena,” WTAE, January 10, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, “Trump’s potential liability for Capitol riot faces major test in court,” CNN, January 10, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, “Trump challenges riot lawsuits, says fiery speech was official act,” Reuters, January 10, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “A single district attorney in Georgia has the best case against Trump,” Washington Post, January 11, 2022,

Philip Bump, “Are you one of the 1 in 11 Americans Mike Lindell doesn’t want to arrest?” Washington Post, January 12, 2022,

John Lynch and Nathaniel Rodriguez, “My Pillow CEO says he has ‘enough evidence’ to put ‘300 million’ Americans in jail,” WFLA, January 12, 2022,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court rejects Trump’s plea to shield White House records from House inquiry,” Los Angeles Times, January 19, 2022,

John Wagner, “Georgia prosecutor requests special grand jury in probe of Trump’s efforts to overturn state’s election results,” Washington Post, January 20, 2022,

George T. Conway, III, “The Supreme Court’s order against Donald Trump is even worse for him than it appears,” Washington Post, January 21, 2022,

Jeannie Suk Gersen, “The Case Against the Oath Keepers,” New Yorker, January 21, 2022,

Felicia Sonmez, Josh Dawsey, and Jonathan O’Connell, “Supreme Court, investigators force Trump and his children on the defensive on multiple fronts,” Washington Post, January 21, 2022,

Richard Luscombe, “‘The walls are closing in’: Trump reels from week of political setbacks,” Guardian, January 23, 2022,

Amy B. Wang and John Wagner, “Georgia prosecutor granted special grand jury in probe of Trump’s efforts to overturn state’s election results,” Washington Post, January 24, 2022,

FiveThirtyEight, “Is Trump’s Hold On The GOP Still Strong?” January 26, 2022,

Alex Isenstadt, “Trump faces MAGA revolt over endorsement,” Politico, January 27, 2022,

Nick Robins-Early, “Seditious conspiracy is rarely proven. The Oath Keepers trial is a litmus test,” Guardian, January 28, 2022,

Tyler Pager, “Trump suggests that if he is reelected, he will pardon Jan. 6 Capitol rioters,” Washington Post, January 29, 2022,

Olafimihan Oshin, “Trump calls for protests if prosecutors ‘do anything illegal’ in targeting him,” Hill, January 30, 2022,

Ed Palattella, “Election libel or just free speech?” Erie Times-News, January 30, 2022,

Monique Beals, “Georgia prosecutors ask FBI for security help after Trump protest remarks: report,” Hill, January 31, 2022,

John Wagner, “Trump suggests Pence should have ‘overturned’ the election on Jan. 6,” Washington Post, January 31, 2022,

Philip Bump, “The sloppy, patchwork, spaghetti-at-the-wall effort to steal the presidency,” Washington Post, February 1, 2022,

Sam Stanton, “Judge refuses to toss charges against Northern California man in Jan. 6 Capitol riot case,” Sacramento Bee, February 2, 2022,

Ashley Parker et al., “‘He never stopped ripping things up’: Inside Trump’s relentless document destruction habits,” Washington Post, February 5, 2022,

Jacqueline Alemany et al., “National Archives had to retrieve Trump White House records from Mar-a-Lago,” Washington Post, February 7, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Trump’s incendiary Texas speech may have deepened his legal troubles, experts say,” Guardian February 7, 2022,

Michael Tomasky, “The Republican Party Can’t Be Saved,” New Republic, February 7, 2022,

Josh Dawsey and Felicia Sonmez, “‘Legitimate political discourse’: Three words about Jan. 6 spark rift among Republicans,” Washington Post, February 8, 2022,

Jonathan Weisman and Annie Karni, “McConnell Denounces R.N.C. Censure of Jan. 6 Panel Members,” New York Times, February 8, 2022,

Matt Zapotosky et al., “National Archives asks Justice Dept. to investigate Trump’s handling of White House records,” Washington Post, February 9, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Trump’s Toilet Obsession Just Took a Dark Turn,” Vanity Fair, February 10, 2022,

Farnoush Amiri, “National Archives: Trump took classified items to Mar-a-Lago,” Associated Press, February 19, 2022,

Colleen Long, “Judge rejects effort by Trump to toss Jan. 6 lawsuits,” Associated Press, February 19, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s legal problems are about to get a whole lot worse,” Washington Post, February 21, 2022,

Annie Karni and Luke Broadwater, “Ivanka Trump in Talks With Jan. 6 Panel About Being Interviewed,” New York Times, February 23, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Rudy Giuliani poised to cooperate with January 6 committee,” Guardian, February 23, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Giuliani’s legal problems deepen as ‘false electors’ scheme investigated,” Guardian, February 28, 2022,

Sarah D. Wire, “Jan. 6 committee says Trump ‘may have engaged in criminal acts’ to overturn election,” Los Angeles Times, March 2, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “The G.O.P.’s New Trump-Putin Headache,” Puck, March 7, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Proud Boys Leader Enrique Tarrio Arrested in Connection With Jan. 6 Attack,” Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2022,

Aruna Viswanatha and Alexa Corse, “First Jan. 6 Criminal Trial Leads to Conviction on All Counts,” Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Bannon’s escape plan: how the Trump strategist is trying to dodge prison,” Guardian, March 25, 2022,

Jane Mayer, “Legal Scholars Are Shocked By Ginni Thomas’s ‘Stop the Steal’ Texts,” New Yorker, March 25, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, “Judge: ‘More likely than not’ that Trump ‘corruptly attempted’ to block Congress from counting votes on January 6,” CNN, March 28, 2022,

Bob Woodward and Robert Costa, “Jan. 6 White House logs given to House show 7-hour gap in Trump calls,” Washington Post, March 29, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Revealed: Trump used White House phone for call on January 6 that was not on official log,” Guardian, March 30, 2022,

Farnoush Amiri and Michael Balsamo, “Jan. 6 panel puts Garland in ‘precarious’ spot, ups pressure,” Associated Press, April 1, 2022,

Tom Jackman and Spencer S. Hsu, “Proud Boys leader admits plan to storm Capitol and will testify against others,” Washington Post, April 8, 2022,

Maggie Haberman, Alexandra Berzon, and Michael S. Schmidt, “Trump Allies Continue Legal Drive to Erase His Loss, Stoking Election Doubts,” New York Times, April 18, 2022,

Andrew Seidman, “A top GOP candidate for governor campaigned at an event promoting QAnon and conspiracy theories about 9/11,” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 27, 2022,

Carter Walker, “Audit the Vote gave us its canvassing data to check the results. It was riddled with errors,” LNP, May 8, 2022,

Rebecca Elliott, “Elon Musk Says He Would Reverse Donald Trump’s Twitter Ban,” Wall Street Journal, May 10, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Any Republicans wanna speak out now?’: Alarm after Trump shares ‘civil war’ post,” Salon, May 23, 2022,

Dana Milbank, “As Trump loses kingmaker status, he becomes more dangerous,” Washington Post, May 24, 2022,

Colby Itkowitz and David Weigel, “Kemp, Raffensperger win in blow to Trump and his false election claims,” Washington Post, May 25, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “4 takeaways from the primaries in Georgia, Texas and elsewhere,” Washington Post, May 25, 2022,

Betsy Woodruff Swan, “Hutchinson, former Meadows aide, replaces lawyer on cusp of Jan. 6 hearings,” Politico, June 9, 2022,

Jeremy Barr, “Nearly 19 million watched the first Jan. 6 hearing in prime time,” Washington Post, June 10, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “The January 6 hearing and the value of spectacle,” Columbia Journalism Review, June 10, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro and Eric Tucker, “1/6 panel: Told repeatedly he lost, Trump refused to go,” Associated Press, June 10, 2022,

Harold Meyerson, “All Roads Lead to Trump,” American Prospect, June 10, 2022,

Ken Dilanian, “Does the Justice Department want to charge Trump? Here’s what could happen,” NBC News, June 11, 2022,

Sarah D. Wire, “Stepien, Barr repeatedly told Trump that fraud claims were false,” Los Angeles Times, June 13, 2022,

Amy Gardner and Isaac Arnsdorf, “More than 100 GOP primary winners back Trump’s false fraud claims,” Washington Post, June 14, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro and Mary Clare Jalonick, “Jan. 6 panel hears: Trump ‘detached from reality’ in defeat,” Associated Press, June 14, 2022,

Peter Weber, “Lock him up? The risks and rewards of prosecuting Trump over Jan. 6,” Week, June 16, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Stunning Trump revelations raise fears of a dark, violent future,” Washington Post, June 17, 2022,

Rosalind S. Helderman, “GOP member of Jan. 6 committee warns that more violence is coming,” Washington Post, June 19, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Searing testimony increases odds of charges against Trump, experts say,” Guardian, June 19, 2022,

Bill Chappell, “Texas GOP’s new platform says Biden didn’t really win. It also calls for secession,” National Public Radio, June 20, 2022,

Jack Goldsmith, “Prosecute Trump? Put Yourself in Merrick Garland’s Shoes,” New York Times, June 20, 2022,

Dana Milbank, “Texas Republicans want to secede? Good riddance,” Washington Post, June 20, 2022,

Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, “Alone in Washington, Rusty Bowers tells world what happened in Arizona,” Washington Post, June 21, 2022,

Alex Shephard, “The Democrats Are Fools for Boosting Trumpist Republicans,” New Republic, June 21, 2022,

Amy Gardner, Josh Dawsey, and Jacqueline Alemany, “Lawmakers on Jan. 6 committee ramp up their security as threats increase,” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Josh Dawsey, and Devlin Barrett, “Jan. 6 probe expands with fresh subpoenas in multiple states,” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “A question for Garland: Do you know how it feels for POTUS to target you?” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “Trump’s Case of DeSantisitis,” Puck, June 23, 2022,

Ryan Nobles, Zachary Cohen and Annie Grayer, “Former Meadows aide will testify before January 6 committee on Tuesday, sources say,” CNN, June 28, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “All the bombshells Cassidy Hutchinson dropped about Trump and Jan. 6,” Washington Post, June 28, 2022,

Carol D. Leonnig, “Jan. 6 showed two identities of Secret Service: Gutsy heroes vs. Trump yes-men,” Washington Post, July 2, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, “Liz Cheney Goes All In on Jan. 6 Probe as GOP Primary Looms,” Wall Street Journal, July 3, 2022,

William D. Cohan, “Will Trump Get Indicted?” Puck, July 3, 2022,

Katharine Jackson, “Senator Graham says he will not cooperate with Georgia Trump election probe,” Reuters, July 6, 2022,

Doyle McManus, “Prosecute Trump? Merrick Garland is investigating aggressively but prosecuting cautiously,” Los Angeles Times, July 10, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Nicholas Wu, “‘His own choices’: Select panel says Trump — not his advisers — set Jan. 6 in motion,” Politico, July 12, 2022,

Maggie Haberman, “Tears, Screaming and Insults: Inside an ‘Unhinged’ Meeting to Keep Trump in Power,” New York Times, July 12, 2022,

Brian Rokus and Veronica Stracqualursi, “Prominent conservatives issue report rebutting Trump election claims,” CNN, July 14, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Secret Service’s January 6 text messages story has shifted several times, panel is told,” Guardian, July 16, 2022,

Carol D. Leonnig and Maria Sacchetti, “Secret Service cannot recover texts; no new details for Jan. 6 committee,” Washington Post, July 19, 2022,

Kim Zetter, “Is the Secret Service’s Claim About Erased Text Messages Plausible?” Zero Day, July 20, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “The January 6 committee revolutionizes democratic storytelling,” Columbia Journalism Review, July 22, 2022,

David Lauter, “Jan. 6 hearings have wounded Trump, and more decline may be ahead,” Los Angeles Times, July 22, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro, Farnoush Amiri, and Eric Tucker, “Jan. 6: Trump spurned aides’ pleas to call off Capitol mob,” Associated Press, January 22, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Devlin Barrett, and Katie Mettler, “Steve Bannon found guilty in Jan. 6 contempt of Congress trial,” Washington Post, July 22, 2022,

Richard Fausset and Danny Hakim, “On the Docket: Atlanta v. Trumpworld,” New York Times, July 23, 2022,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “What Will Come of the January 6th Committee’s Case Against Trump?” New Yorker, July 24, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “The Kids Are All MAGA,” Puck, July 27, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “Does Murdoch make the political weather or follow it? Yes,” Columbia Journalism Review, August 1, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, “Several election deniers backed by Trump prevail in hotly contested primaries,” Washington Post, August 3, 2022,

Lisa Rein, Carol D. Leonnig, and Maria Sacchetti, “Homeland Security watchdog previously accused of misleading investigators, report says,” Washington Post, August 3, 2022,

Laurence H Tribe and Dennis Aftergut, “Time is running out. The Department of Justice must indict and convict Trump,” Guardian, August 4, 2022,

Jonathan Capehart, “Liz Cheney is the Obi-Wan to Trump’s Darth Vader,” Washington Post, August 8, 2022,

Eric Tucker and Michael Balsamo, “Trump says FBI conducting search of Mar-a-Lago estate,” Associated Press, August 8, 2022,

Scott R. Anderson et al., “What We Do and Don’t Know About the FBI’s Mar-a-Lago Search,” Lawfare, August 9, 2022,

Devlin Barrett et al., “Mar-a-Lago search appears focused on whether Trump, aides withheld items,” Washington Post, August 9, 2022,

David Frum, “Stuck With Trump,” Atlantic, August 9, 2022,

Julia Ioffe, “Defund… the F.B.I.?” Puck, August 9, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Garland vowed to depoliticize Justice. Then the FBI searched Mar-a-Lago,” Washington Post, August 9, 2022,

Jan Murphy and Charles Thompson, “FBI delivers subpoenas to several Pa. Republican lawmakers: sources say,” Harrisburg Patriot-News, August 10, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “‘The DeSantasy Is Over,’” Puck, August 10, 2022,

Steve Peoples, “GOP rallies around Trump following FBI search of his estate,” Associated Press, August 10, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “What could the Mar-a-Lago search mean for Trump legally?” Washington Post, August 10, 2022,

Devlin Barrett et al., “FBI searched Trump’s home to look for nuclear documents and other items, sources say,” Washington Post, August 11, 2022,

Erik Larson, “Trump’s ‘Planted Evidence’ Claim Unlikely to Stand Up In Court,” Bloomberg, August 11, 2022,

Erin McCarthy, “Who is Rep. Scott Perry, the Trump ally from Pa. whose phone was seized by the FBI?” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 11, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “The Trump Informant Guessing Game: Knives Are Out!” Puck, August 11, 2022,

Steve Peoples, “Trump’s bond with GOP deepens after primary wins, FBI search,” Associated Press, August 11, 2022,

Andrew Solender, “Political threats spiral,” Axios, August 11, 2022,

Paul Waldman and Greg Sargent, “Merrick Garland’s surprise announcement calls the Trump-GOP bluff,” Washington Post, August 11, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Agents at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago seized 11 sets of classified documents, court filing shows,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Alex Leary, Aruna Viswanatha, and Sadie Gurman, “FBI Recovered Eleven Sets of Classified Documents in Trump Search, Inventory Shows,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Lisa Rein, “Under fire, Homeland Security watchdog delays probe — with GOP help,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Betsy Woodruff Swan, Kyle Cheney, and Nicholas Wu, “FBI search warrant shows Trump under investigation for potential obstruction of justice, Espionage Act violations,” Politico, August 12, 2022,

Eric Tucker and Michael Balsamo, “Trump calls for ‘immediate’ release of Mar-a-Lago warrant,” Associated Press, August 12, 2022,

Clyde Hughes, “Rep. Greene files articles of impeachment against Attorney General Garland,” United Press International, August 13, 2022,

Arwa Mahdawi, “The Mar-a-Lago search prompts a big question: who snitched?” Guardian, August 13, 2022,

Renato Mariotti, “Espionage Isn’t the Strongest Case Against Trump. It’s Simpler Than That,” Politico, August 14, 2022,

Marcy Wheeler, “Trump's Timid (Non-Legal) Complaints about Attorney-Client Privilege,” Empty Wheel, August 14, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Merrick Garland Weighed Search of Trump’s Mar-a-Lago for Weeks,” Wall Street Journal, August 15, 2022,

Tom Hamburger and Eugene Scott, “Giuliani is target in Ga. criminal probe of 2020 election, lawyer says,” Washington Post, August 15, 2022,

Eugene Scott, “Graham must testify in Ga. probe of effort to overturn 2020 election, judge rules,” Washington Post, August 15, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf et al., “Trump is rushing to hire seasoned lawyers — but he keeps hearing ‘No,’” Washington Post, August 16, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, “Liz Cheney Concedes to Trump-Backed Challenger in Wyoming Primary,” Wall Street Journal, August 16, 2022,

Matt Ford, “Trump’s Republican Defenders Inexplicably Forgot To Expect the Worst,” New Republic, August 16, 2022,

Lauren Gambino, “Judge to consider unsealing Trump search affidavit as legal worries mount,” Guardian, August 16, 2022,

Julia Ioffe, “The C.I.A.’s Trump Deja Vu,” Puck, August 16, 2022,

David Klepper, “Trump’s angry words spur warnings of real violence,” Associated Press, August 16, 2022,

Maria Sacchetti, “Homeland Security watchdog Cuffari faces rebukes from lawmakers in missing texts case,” Washington Post, August 16, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, Josh Dawsey, and David Weigel, “Trump’s dominance in GOP comes into focus, worrying some in the party,” Washington Post, August 17, 2022,

Bess Levin, “The Complete Guide to All the Ways Donald Trump Is Legally Screwed,” Vanity Fair, August 17, 2022,

Jordan Libowitz and Lauren White, “Secret Service held onto Pelosi threat until after insurrection,” Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, August 17, 2022,

Jordan Libowitz and Sara Wiatrak, “The Secret Service knew about Jan 6 threat. They dismissed it,” Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, August 17, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The People Who Can’t Stop Making Excuses for Trump,” Atlantic, August 18, 2022,

Cat Zakrzewski, “Lawmakers demand data about online threats against law enforcement,” Washington Post, August 19, 2022,

Chris McGreal, “US political violence is surging, but talk of a civil war is exaggerated – isn’t it?” Guardian, August 20, 2022,

Amy B. Wang and Tom Hamburger, “Sen. Graham gets temporary reprieve in testifying before Ga. grand jury,” Washington Post, August 21, 2022,

Jon Swaine et al., “Files copied from voting systems were shared with Trump supporters, election deniers,” Washington Post, August 22, 2022,

Josh Dawsey et al., “FBI’s Mar-a-Lago search followed months of resistance, delay by Trump,” Washington Post, August 23, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Lawyers are giggling’: Legal experts scratch their heads at Trump’s ‘very strange’ new DOJ lawsuit,” Salon, August 23, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s risk of indictment for his document snatch just skyrocketed,” Washington Post, August 23, 2022,

Asawin Suebsaeng and Adam Rawnsley, “Trump Tells His Lawyers: Get ‘My’ Top Secret Documents Back,” Rolling Stone, August 23, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, Alex Leary, and Sadie Gurman, “Mar-a-Lago Boxes Had More Than 700 Pages of Classified Papers, National Archives Letter Says,” Wall Street Journal, August 23, 2022,

Josh Dawsey and Jacqueline Alemany, “Archives asked for records in 2021 after Trump lawyer agreed they should be returned, email says,” Washington Post, August 24, 2022,

Nathaniel Rakich, “Yes, Special Elections Really Are Signaling A Better-Than-Expected Midterm For Democrats,” FiveThirtyEight, August 24, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Justice Department ordered to release redacted Mar-a-Lago search warrant affidavit,” CNN, August 25, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Perry Stein, “Mar-a-Lago affidavit says many witnesses interviewed, 184 classified files returned in January,” Washington Post, August 26, 2022,

Mariana Alfaro and Eugene Scott, “Judge’s openness to special master for Mar-a-Lago documents raises new questions in criminal probe,” Washington Post, August 29, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Trump’s Mar-a-Lago documents already examined by FBI, Justice Dept. tells judge,” Washington Post, August 29, 2022,

Alex Griffing, “Drudge Puts Trump in an Orange Jumpsuit as Site Monitors His Potential Indictment,” Mediaite, August 29, 2022,

William Rivers Pitt, “An Enron-Inspired Law May Be a Sharper Legal Threat to Trump Than Espionage Act,” Truthout, August 30, 2022,

Austin Sarat and Dennis Aftergut, “Americans are starting to get it: we can’t let Trump – or Trumpism – back in office,” Guardian, August 30, 2022,

Ishaan Tharoor, “The debate over American fascism gets louder,” Washington Post, August 30, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. says Trump team may have hidden, moved classified papers,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,

Perry Stein et al., “Justice filing points to new legal trouble for Trump and lawyers, experts say,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Former GOP Justice lawyers: Trump’s in a heap of trouble,” Washington Post, September 1, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “Takeaways from Biden’s warnings about Republican threats to democracy,” Washington Post, September 1, 2022,

Philip Bump, “Figuring out how many ‘MAGA Republicans’ there actually are,” Washington Post, September 2, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “MAGA Republicans are seething with rage because Biden hit his target,” Washington Post, September 2, 2022,

Eric Tucker, “Trump search inventory released, reveals new details on docs,” Associated Press, September 2, 2022,

Andrew Kaczynski and Samantha Woodward, “Donald Trump has repeatedly called for lengthy jail sentences for those who he claimed mishandled classified information,” CNN, September 3, 2022,

David Frum, “Biden Laid the Trap. Trump Walked Into It,” Atlantic, September 4, 2022,

Lauren Gambino and David Smith, “Could unexpected Democratic gains foil a midterm Republican victory?” Guardian, September 5, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “As Midterms Near, Election Rule Raises Dilemma for Trump Inquiries,” New York Times, September 4, 2022,

Jess Bravin and Aruna Viswanatha, “Judge Grants Donald Trump’s Request for Independent Review of Mar-a-Lago Documents,” Wall Street Journal, September 5, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “‘Deeply Problematic’: Experts Question Judge’s Intervention in Trump Inquiry,” New York Times, September 5, 2022,

Eric Tucker, “Judge grants Trump bid for special master in Mar-a-Lago case,” Los Angeles Times, September 5, 2022,

Ann E. Marimow and Devlin Barrett, “Judge’s special-master order a test of Trump’s post-White House powers,” Washington Post, September 6, 2022,

J. Oliver Conroy, “Why did a judge grant Trump’s request for a ‘special master’?” Guardian, September 7, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “Sarah Palin Could Be a Harbinger,” Atlantic, September 8, 2022,

Perry Stein and Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. seeks to regain access to classified Mar-a-Lago documents,” Washington Post, September 8, 2022,

Alan Feuer et al., “Trump’s Post-Election Fund-Raising Comes Under Scrutiny by Justice Dept.,” New York Times, September 9, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Perry Stein, “Justice Dept. says it would accept Trump’s candidate for special master,” Washington Post, September 12, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Trump faces a new threat: Scrutiny of ‘stop the steal’ money scam,” Washington Post, September 13, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s legal problems multiply as his excuses disappear,” Washington Post, September 14, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Judge appoints special master, rejects DOJ bid to delay Mar-a-Lago ruling,” Politico, September 15, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Justice Department Appeals Parts of Judge’s Ruling on Documents Seized at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago,” Wall Street Journal, September 16, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “If Garland sincerely believes in the rule of law, Trump is in deep trouble,” Washington Post, September 19, 2022,

Josh Gerstein and Kyle Cheney, “Special master to Trump’s lawyers: ‘You can’t have your cake and eat it,’” Politico, September 20, 2022,

Perry Stein, Devlin Barrett, and Shayna Jacobs, “Special master prods Trump lawyers: ‘You can’t have your cake and eat it,’” Washington Post, September 20, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Trump’s Lawyers are Already Bickering With the Special Master, Whom They Picked,” Truthout, September 20, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Appeals court sides with Justice Department in Mar-a-Lago case,” Washington Post, September 21, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Trump suffers setback as appeals panel rejects Cannon ruling,” Politico, September 21, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “‘DeSantasy’ Revisited,” Puck, September 21, 2022,

Richard Nixon [Justin Sherrin], “That is, if I were a Judge and was overturned in this manner, I would find it hard to leave the house” Twitter, September 21, 2022,

Julian Mark, “Trump says presidents can declassify docs ‘even by thinking about it,’” Washington Post, September 22, 2022,

David Smith, “‘He’s done’: how Donald Trump’s legal woes have just gotten a lot worse,” Guardian, September 22, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Dearie asks Trump lawyers whether they believe FBI lied about seized documents,” Washington Post, September 22, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf, “How a QAnon splinter group became a feature of Trump rallies,” Washington Post, September 26, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Judge rules Trump lawyers don’t have to clarify Mar-a-Lago document claims,” Washington Post, September 29, 2022,

Siobhan Hughes, “National Archives Says Some Trump Administration Records Are Still Missing,” Wall Street Journal, October 1, 2022,

David Smith, “Republicans’ lawless leaders at odds with midterm law and order message,” Guardian, October 3, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Trump goes to Supreme Court over Mar-a-Lago search and seizure of documents,” CNN, October 4, 2022,

Kaitlan Collins, “Justice Department insists to Trump’s attorneys that he return all documents marked classified,” CNN, October 6, 2022,

Michael S. Schmidt, Maggie Haberman, and Katie Benner, “Justice Dept. Is Said to Believe Trump Has More Documents,” New York Times, October 6, 2022,

Areeba Shah, “Legal experts: Russia link to Trump documents means it’s a matter of ‘when, not if’ he is indicted,” Salon, October 11, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Trump worker told FBI about moving Mar-a-Lago boxes on ex-president’s orders,” Washington Post, October 12, 2022,

Robert Barnes and Perry Stein, “Supreme Court rejects Trump request on Mar-a-Lago documents,” Washington Post, October 13, 2022,

Ariane de Vogue and Katelyn Polantz, “Supreme Court rejects former President Donald Trump’s request to intervene in Mar-a-Lago documents fight,” CNN, October 13, 2022,

Ashley Parker, “Jan. 6 hearing shows Trump knew he lost — even while claiming otherwise,” Washington Post, October 14, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Justice Dept. asks appeals court to end Mar-a-Lago special master,” Washington Post, October 14, 2022,

Chauncey DeVega, “‘They are going to convict very quickly’: Glenn Kirschner on the trial of Donald J. Trump,” Salon, October 17, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “U.S. Asks Court to End Special Master Review of Files Seized From Trump,” New York Times, October 17, 2022,

Zoe Tillman, “Trump Special Master Has ‘No Patience’ for Records Spats,” MarketWatch, October 18, 2022,

Chris Strohm, “DOJ prosecutors say there’s sufficient evidence to charge Trump with obstruction of justice: report,” MarketWatch, October 19, 2022,

Lindsay Whitehurst, “Testimony: Oath Keepers Ready to Use ‘Any Means Necessary,’”, October 19, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Report: DOJ Prosecutors Say There’s Enough Evidence to Prosecute Trump,” Truthout, October 20, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Mar-a-Lago classified papers held U.S. secrets about Iran and China,” Washington Post, October 21, 2022,

Chris Brennan, “Doug Mastriano will flirt again with the QAnon crowd as another election approaches,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 21, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu and Rachel Weiner, “Steve Bannon sentenced to 4 months in prison for contempt of Congress in Jan. 6 probe,” Washington Post, October 21, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “Trump ’24 Foreplay,” Puck, October 27, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, Perry Stein, and Josh Dawsey, “Top national security prosecutor joins Trump Mar-a-Lago investigation,” Washington Post, October 28, 2022,

Tom Jackman, “U.S. Capitol Police officer convicted of obstructing Jan. 6 probe,” Washington Post, October 28, 2022,

Robert Barnes and Tom Hamburger, “Supreme Court clears way for Sen. Graham to testify in Ga. election probe,” Washington Post, November 1, 2022,

Evan Perez, Katelyn Polantz, and Jeremy Herb, “DOJ mulling potential special counsel if Trump runs in 2024,” CNN, November 4, 2022,

Chris Walker, “DOJ Considering Special Counsel for Trump Cases in Event He Runs for President,” Truthout, November 4, 2022,

Reuters, “Russia’s Prigozhin admits interfering in U.S. elections,” November 7, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, “Oath Keeper Stewart Rhodes Says Members Were ‘Stupid’ to Enter Capitol on Jan. 6,” Wall Street Journal, November 7, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, Siobhan Hughes, and Lindsay Wise, “Frustrated Republicans Try to Explain Lack of Midterm ‘Red Wave,’” Wall Street Journal, November 9, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf and Josh Dawsey, “One likely 2024 GOP contender triumphed on election night. It wasn’t Donald Trump,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Dan Balz, “The vaunted red wave never hit the shore in midterm elections,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Jonathan Freedland, “The winner of the midterms is not yet clear – but the loser is Donald Trump,” Guardian, November 9, 2022,

David Lauter, “The midterm’s big loser: Trump suffers multiple defeats,” Los Angeles Times, November 9, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Group explains polling place security teams that led to response by Allegheny County sheriff’s deputies,” November 9, 2022,

Brian Slodysko, “Election takeaways: No sweep for the Republicans after all,” Associated Press, November 9, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Rupert Murdoch Knees Trump in the Balls While He’s Doubled Over Coughing Up Blood,” Vanity Fair, November 10, 2022,

Jonathan Tamari and William Bender, “‘It’s time for him to retire’: Some Pa. Republicans want to push Trump aside after their election losses,” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 10, 2022,

Adam Taylor, “Is the world ready for President DeSantis and a Floridian foreign policy?” Washington Post, November 10, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Trump Is Blaming Everyone But Himself for Midterm Losses — Including His Wife,” Truthout, November 10, 2022,

Liz Goodwin, “A red wave of criticism crashes into Donald Trump after midterm losses,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, Sara Murray, and Gabby Orr, “Trump sues January 6 committee seeking to block subpoena for his testimony and documents,” CNN, November 11, 2022,

Melanie Mason, “Arizona Sen. Mark Kelly fends off GOP challenger Blake Masters,” Los Angeles Times, November 11, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Republicans want Trump to take the blame. Good luck with that,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Marianna Sotomayor et al., “Congressional Republicans panic as they watch their lead dwindle,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Amy Gardner, Reis Thebault, and Robert Klemko, “Election deniers lose races for key state offices in every 2020 battleground,” Washington Post, November 13, 2022,

Richard M. Nixon [Justin Sherin], “The Field Takes Shape,&rdqo; Patreon, November 13, 2022,

Nicholas Riccardi and Ken Ritter, “Cortez Masto wins in Nevada, giving Democrats Senate control,” Associated Press, November 13, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Investigators see ego, not money, as Trump’s motive on classified papers,” Washington Post, November 14, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf, “Trump, who as president fomented an insurrection, says he is running again,” Washington Post, November 15, 2022,

Jonathan J. Cooper, “Hobbs wins Arizona governor’s race, flipping state for Dems,” Associated Press, November 15, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, Marianna Sotomayor, and Colby Itkowitz, “Republicans narrowly win House, ending full Democratic control of Congress,” Washington Post, November 16, 2022,

Bryan Pietsch and Amy B. Wang, “Rep. Lauren Boebert race too close to call, with margin inside recount threshold,” Washington Post, November 17, 2022,

Kaleigh Rogers, “Why Lauren Boebert’s Race Is So Close,” FiveThirtyEight, November 17, 2022,

Katy Stech Ferek, “Adam Frisch Concedes to Lauren Boebert in Colorado House Race,” Wall Street Journal, November 18, 2022,

Aruna Viswanatha and Sadie Gurman, “Jack Smith Named Special Counsel to Lead DOJ Probes of Donald Trump,” Wall Street Journal, November 18, 2022,

Liz Moyer, “Elon Musk Reinstates Trump on Twitter. Trump Shrugs,” Barron’s, November 20, 2022,

Kelly Rissman, “Donald Trump’s Twitter Account Has Been Reactivated But Will He Return?” Vanity Fair, November 20, 2022,

Vlad Savov, “Musk Welcomes Ye Back to Twitter After Inviting Trump’s Return,” Bloomberg, November 20, 2022,

Ronald Brownstein, “Why fewer states than ever could pick the next president,” CNN, November 22, 2022,

Charlie Savage and Alan Feuer, “Court Appears Ready to End Special Master Review in Trump Files Inquiry,” New York Times, November 22, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Goodbye Cannon’: Experts say judge’s controversial pro-Trump order doomed after ‘hostile’ hearing,” Salon, November 23, 2022,

James Risen, “I Experienced Jack Smith’s Zeal Firsthand. Will Trump Get the Same Treatment?” Intercept, November 23, 2022,

Zach Schonfeld, “Kanye West says he asked Trump to be his 2024 running mate,” Hill, November 25, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Tom Jackman, and Rachel Weiner, “Oath Keepers founder Stewart Rhodes guilty of Jan. 6 seditious conspiracy,” Washington Post, November 29, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “Has Trump Already Lost ’24?” Puck, November 30, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Appeals court halts special master review of documents seized at Mar-a-Lago in major defeat for Trump,” CNN, December 1, 2022,

Kristen Holmes, “Trump expresses support for Capitol rioters as he continues to embrace extremist groups,” CNN, December 2, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Donald Trump, Running for President in 2024, Defends Violent Mob That Broke Into the Capitol Over His 2020 Loss,” Vanity Fair, December 2, 2022,

Karoun Demirjian and Toluse Olorunnipa, “White House rebukes Trump’s suggestion to suspend Constitution over 2020 election,” Washington Post, December 3, 2022,

Kristen Holmes, “Trump calls for the termination of the Constitution in Truth Social post,” CNN, December 4, 2022,

Ruth Marcus, “Trump’s call for suspending the Constitution is too dangerous to ignore,” Washington Post, December 4, 2022,

Martin Pengelly, “Biden rebukes Trump for saying constitution should be ‘terminated’” Guardian, December 4, 2022,

Amy B. Wang, “GOP lawmakers largely silent after Trump suggests ‘termination’ of Constitution,” Washington Post, December 4, 2022,

Caleb Ecarma, “Republicans Apparently Have No Red Line With Trump—Not Even His Desire to Terminate the Constitution,” Vanity Fair, December 5, 2022,

Jeremy Roebuck, “Rudy Giuliani doubles down on false Pennsylvania election fraud claims in disciplinary hearing,” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 5, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “4 takeaways from the Georgia Senate runoff,” Washington Post, December 6, 2022,

Sara Murray, Annie Grayer, and Zachary Cohen, “House January 6 committee has decided to make criminal referrals, chairman says,” CNN, December 6, 2022,

Jenny Jarvie, “Warnock defeats Walker in Georgia runoff, giving Democrats a 51-seat Senate majority,” Los Angeles Times, December 6, 2022,

David Von Drehle, “The tragedy of Herschel Walker,” Washington Post, December 6, 2022,

Jacqueline Alemany et al., “Items with classified markings found at Trump storage unit in Florida,” Washington Post, December 7, 2022,

Lloyd Green, “Georgia’s runoff was a resounding rebuke of Trumpism. Will Republicans hear it?” Guardian, December 7, 2022,

Debra Cassens Weiss, “3 conservative SCOTUS justices appear to seek middle ground on ‘independent state legislature’ theory,” American Bar Association Journal, December 7, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu et al., “Justice Department asks judge to hold Trump team in contempt over Mar-a-Lago case,” Washington Post, December 8, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “The politics of Kyrsten Sinema’s party switch,” Washington Post, December 9, 2022,

Burgess Everett, “Sinema switches to independent, shaking up the Senate,” Politico, December 9, 2022,

David A. Graham, “Kyrsten Sinema Is Going to Be a Perpetual Pain for Democrats,” Atlantic, December 9, 2022,

Jacob Magid, “Trump berates disloyal US ‘Jewish leaders,’ ignoring calls to condemn Kanye, Fuentes,” Times of Israel, December 9, 2022,

Chris McGreal, “Is Dominion’s $1.6bn defamation lawsuit a death blow for Murdoch and Fox News?” Guardian, December 11, 2022,

Philip Bump, “The GOP has created a safe space for musing about violent rebellion,” Washington Post, October 12, 2022,

Eugene Scott, “White House condemns Greene over claim she would have ‘won’ Jan. 6 insurrection,” Washington Post, December 12, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz and Tierney Sneed, “Judge formally dismisses Trump’s case for a Mar-a-Lago special master,” CNN, December 12, 2022,

Chris Walker, “DOJ Is ‘On a Path to Charge’ Trump, Former U.S. Attorney Says,” Truthout, December 12, 2022,

Shan Wu, “Trump’s Special Master Suit Is Dead—Now the Real Case Begins,” Daily Beast, December 12, 2022,

Erin Doherty, “Two new polls reveal Trump’s growing DeSantis problem,” Axios, December 14, 2022,

John McCormick, “Ron DeSantis Holds Early Lead Over Donald Trump Among GOP Primary Voters, WSJ Poll Shows,” Wall Street Journal, December 14, 2022,

Eric Lutz, “Lawmakers Could Actually Safeguard Against Another January 6 — Will They Do It?” Vanity Fair, December 15, 2022,

David French, “How Much Longer Can Trump’s Con Endure?” Atlantic, December 16, 2022,

Jamie Gangel and Katelyn Polantz, “January 6 committee expected to announce referral of multiple criminal charges against Trump to DOJ,” CNN, December 16, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “7 things we’ve learned from the Jan. 6 committee report so far,” Washington Post, December 19, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Past cases with classified papers show legal risk for Trump, experts say,” Washington Post, December 22, 2022,

Adam Goldman and Alan Feuer, “Republicans Step Up Attacks on F.B.I. as It Investigates Trump,” New York Times, December 29, 2022,

Rachel Weiner and Peter Hermann, “D.C. mayor: Feds failed on Jan. 6 by thinking far-right was ‘friendly,’” Washington Post, December 29, 2022,

Jim Rutenberg, Ken Bensinger, and Steve Eder, “The ‘Red Wave’ Washout: How Skewed Polls Fed a False Election Narrative,” New York Times, December 31, 2022,

Luke Broadwater et al., “Trying to Trademark ‘Rigged Election,’ and Other Revelations From the Jan. 6 Transcripts,” New York Times, January 2, 2023,

Michael Korsh and Mike Wereschagin, “How the Oath Keepers turned Pennsylvania into a far-right militia recruiting hotbed,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 6, 2023,

Jacqueline Alemany and Devlin Barrett, “House Republicans form committee to investigate the government,” Washington Post, January 10, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Merrick Garland’s Special Counsel Is Zeroing In On Trump’s Inner Circle,” Vanity Fair, January 10, 2023,

David Von Drehle, “If the Mar-a-Lago case collapses? Disaster dodged, America,” Washington Post, January 13, 2023,

Jeff Mason, “Biden documents bungle seen as political black eye before 2024 launch,” Reuters, January 14, 2023,

Caleb Ecarma, “Donald Trump to Evangelicals: You Can’t Break Up With Me Because I’m Breaking Up With You First,” Vanity Fair, January 17, 2023,

Philip Bump, “Under oath, Trump is confronted with his ‘hoax’ hyperbole,” Washington Post, January 19, 2023,

David Badash, “‘Full retreat mode’: Trump drops suit against NY AG Letitia James day after judge fines him nearly $1 million,” Alternet, January 20, 2023,

Rachel Weiner, “Four other Oath Keepers found guilty of Jan. 6 seditious conspiracy,” Washington Post, January 23, 2023,

Maggie Haberman, “Classified Documents Found at Pence’s Home in Indiana,” New York Times, January 24, 2023,

Clare Duffy, “Meta says it will restore Donald Trump’s Facebook and Instagram accounts,” CNN, January 25, 2023,

Tom Boggioniand, “‘Thank you for your service’: GOP insiders say Donald Trump is ‘all washed up’ with ‘too much drama’ for 2024,” Alternet, January 29, 2023,

Jessica S. Henry, “As charges loom over Trump, prosecutors come under fire – a criminal justice expert explains what’s at stake,” Conversation, February 1, 2023,

Isaac Arnsdorf, “Koch network to oppose Trump in primary after sitting out recent cycles,” Washington Post, February 5, 2023,

Michael C. Bender, “Club for Growth Distances Itself Further From Trump,” New York Times, February 6, 2023,

Philip Bump, “The core weakness of the Republican Party, on raucous display,” Washington Post, February 8, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Report: Trump’s Habit of Clogging Toilets With Government Documents Even Grosser Than Previously Thought,” Vanity Fair, February 13, 2023,

Philip Bump, “A cascade of mistakes and falsehoods leaves Fox on the brink,” Washington Post, February 17, 2023,

Yvonne Wingett Sanchez and Isaac Stanley-Becker, “Arizona’s top prosecutor concealed records debunking election fraud claims,” Washington Post, February 22, 2023,

Isaac Arnsdorf et al., “Trump’s grip on the Republican base is slipping — even among his fans,” Washington Post, February 23, 2023,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The Fever of Trumpism Shows No Sign of Breaking in 2024,” Vanity Fair, February 23, 2023,

Alison Durkee, “Sidney Powell Won’t Be Disbarred, Court Rules—But These Trump Lawyers Are Still Being Punished,” Forbes, February 24, 2023,

Eric Lutz, “The Republican Donor Class Seems Ready to Dump Trump. The Base? Not So Much,” Vanity Fair, February 27, 2023,

Dylan Byers, “Will Rupert Make a ‘Blood Sacrifice’?” Puck, March 1, 2023,

Carol D. Leonnig et al., “Showdown before the raid: FBI agents and prosecutors argued over Trump,” Washington Post, March 1, 2023,

Rachel Weiner, “Trump can be sued by police over Jan. 6 riot, Justice Department says,” Washington Post, March 2, 2023,

Eric Lutz, “Tucker Carlson Used the January 6 Footage to Try and Gaslight America,” Vanity Fair, March 7, 2023,

Tina Nguyen, “CPACalypse Now,” Puck, March 8, 2023,

Matthew Brown, “Former Trump lawyer Jenna Ellis censured by Colorado judge for false statements,” Washington Post, March 9, 2023,

Hannah Knowles and Isaac Stanley-Becker, “DeSantis indicates privately he intends to run in 2024 as allies prepare,” Washington Post, March 9, 2023,

David Remnick, “The Curtain Rises on Trump’s Legal Dramas,” New Yorker, March 18, 2023,

Charlie Savage, “Dissecting Charges That Could Arise From the Trump Investigations,” New York Times, March 19, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Donald Trump’s Lawyers Seem Pretty Panicked He’s Going to be Indicted in Georgia Too,” Vanity Fair, March 20, 2023,

Jeremy Barr, “Judge sounds skeptical of some Fox arguments in Dominion lawsuit,” Washington Post, March 21, 2023,

Josh Gerstein and Kyle Cheney, “Trump denounces ‘crime-fraud’ ruling forcing attorney to testify in documents probe,” Politico, March 21, 2023,

Josh Dawsey et al., “Trump lawyer must turn over evidence on classified documents, court rules,” Washington Post, March 22, 2023,

Charlotte Klein, “Judge Doesn't Seem Convinced by Fox News' Arguments in the Dominion Lawsuit,” Vanity Fair, March 22, 2023,

Tina Nguyen, “Is the Republican Primary Already Over?” Puck, March 22, 2023,

Sam Levine, “Why Dominion is already the winner of the $1.6bn lawsuit against Fox News,” Guardian, March 23, 2023,

John Santucci, Katherine Faulders, and Jonathan Karl, “Meadows, other top Trump aides ordered to testify in Jan. 6 probe as judge rejects claims of executive privilege,” ABC News, March 24, 2023,

Harry Litman, “Trump’s indictment is a historic first. Here’s why more are likely to follow,” Los Angeles Times, March 30, 2023,

David Remnick, “An American Tragedy, Act III,” New Yorker, March 30, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Report: The DOJ Has Uncovered ‘Significant’ Evidence Trump May Have Obstructed Justice, Which Is as Big a Deal as It Sounds,” Vanity Fair, April 3, 2023,

Tina Nguyen, “Trump’s Jan. 6 Revival & the DeSantis RINO Trap,” Puck, April 4, 2023,

Tara Palmeri, “DeSantis Donor Quakes & New Hampshire Foibles,” Puck, April 6, 2023,

Dylan Byers, “Rupert’s Headline Risk,” Puck, April 12, 2023,

Stephen Battaglio, “In a blow to Fox News, judge rules network withheld evidence in Dominion case,” Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2023,

Brian Stelter, “Fox News Heads to Trial in Peril: ‘No Advantage for Dominion to Settle Now,’” Vanity Fair, April 13, 2023,

Michael C. Bender, “The Conundrum of the DeSantis Base: Pro-Trump and Anti-Trump Voters,” New York Times, April 14, 2023,

Erin Mulvaney, Isabella Simonetti, and Joe Flint, “Fox News Defamation Trial Delayed Amid Network’s Push to Settle Dispute,” Wall Street Journal, April 17, 2023,

Jeremy W. Peters and Katie Robertson, “Fox Disputes Possible Damages as Judge Delays Defamation Trial,” New York Times, April 17, 2023,

David Bauder, Randall Chase, and Geoff Mulvihill, “Lawsuit against Fox for false election claims heads to trial,” Associated Press, April 18, 2023,

Aaron Blake, “4 takeaways from the Dominion v. Fox settlement,” Washington Post, April 18, 2023,

Meg James, “Fox News-Dominion settlement doesn’t end crisis for Rupert Murdoch’s empire,” Los Angeles Times, April 18, 2023,

Erin Mulvaney, Joe Flint, and Isabella Simonetti, “Fox to Pay $787.5 Million to Settle Dominion’s Defamation Lawsuit,” Wall Street Journal, April 18, 2023,

Jose Pagliery, “Trump’s Fake Georgia Electors Are Now Ratting on Each Other,” Daily Beast, April 18, 2023,

Jonathan Lai, “Pa. Supreme Court angrily sanctions county for violating order on Dominion voting machines,” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 19, 2023,

Patrick Marley and Jeremy Barr, “After Fox settlement, experts warn election falsehoods will persist,” Washington Post, April 19, 2023,

Jane Martinson, “Fox News and Rupert Murdoch have been humiliated, but they won’t change their ways,” Guardian, April 19, 2023,

Brian Stelter, “Fox News, Unapologetic and Unwavering, Steams Ahead After Staggering Dominion Settlement,” Vanity Fair, April 19, 2023,

Amy B. Wang, Elahe Izadi, and Patrick Marley, “Fox News still faces $2.7 billion defamation lawsuit from Smartmatic,” Washington Post, April 19, 2023,

Chris Dehghanpoor, Emma Brown, and Jon Swaine, “Mike Lindell’s firm told to pay $5 million in ‘Prove Mike Wrong’ election-fraud challenge,” Washington Post, April 20, 2023,

Miguel Jiménez, “Fox News settlement with Dominion pulls the rug on Trump’s election lies,” El País, April 20, 2023,

Bess Levin, “In Comically Evil Twist, Fox Will Receive a Huge Tax Break From Its Dominion Settlement,” Vanity Fair, April 20, 2023,

Philip Bump, “Trump’s message to young men: American democracy is all but gone,” Washington Post, April 21, 2023,

Oliver Darcy and Marshall Cohen, “Tucker Carlson out at Fox News,” CNN, April 24, 2023,

Philip Bump, “How unpopular can be Biden be while still winning reelection?” Washington Post, April 25, 2023,

Rachel Weiner, “Trump can’t stop Pence from testifying to Jan. 6 grand jury, court rules,” Washington Post, April 26, 2023,

David Badash, “Legal experts ‘expect decisions soon’ from special counsel on indicting Donald Trump,” Alternet, April 27, 2023,

Katelyn Polantz and Devan Cole, “Former Vice President Pence testifies to federal grand jury investigating Donald Trump and January 6,” CNN, April 27, 2023,

Jeremy Roebuck, “Proud Boys trial: Zach Rehl, the right-wing group’s Philly leader, and three others convicted in Jan. 6 sedition case,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 4, 2023,

Amy Gardner and Holly Bailey, “At least eight Trump electors have accepted immunity in Georgia investigation,” Washington Post, May 5, 2023,

Chris McGreal, “Trump rages after sexual abuse verdict but legal woes have only just begun,” Guardian, May 14, 2023,

Alan Feuer and Maggie Haberman, “Former Trump Lawyer Describes Conflict Inside Legal Team,” New York Times, May 20, 2023,

Aruna Viswanatha, Sadie Gurman, and C. Ryan Barber, “Special Counsel Is Wrapping Up Trump Mar-a-Lago Probe,” Wall Street Journal, May 23, 2023,

Isaac Arnsdorf, Josh Dawsey, and Adriana Usero, “The deepening radicalization of Donald J. Trump,” Washington Post, May 24, 2023,

Devlin Barrett et al., “Trump workers moved Mar-a-Lago boxes a day before FBI came for documents,” Washington Post, May 25, 2023,

Rachel Weiner, Tom Jackman, and Spencer S. Hsu, “Oath Keepers leader Rhodes gets 18 years for Jan. 6 seditious conspiracy,” Washington Post, May 25, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Report: Trump’s Lawyer Revealed Some Unfortunate Things for Trump in Classified-Docs Case,” Vanity Fair, May 30, 2023,

Asawin Suebsaeng and Adam Rawnsley, “Team Trump Scrambles to Unmask the Feds Investigating Him,” Rolling Stone, May 30, 2023,

Martin Pengelly, “Donald Trump reiterates pledge to scrap birthright US citizenship,” Guardian, May 31, 2023,

Katelyn Polantz, Paula Reid, and Kaitlan Collins, “Trump captured on tape talking about classified document he kept after leaving the White House,” CNN, May 31, 2023,

Harry Litman, “The DOJ’s classified documents case was already dire for Trump. Now it looks even worse,” Los Angeles Times, June 1, 2023,

Kaitlan Collins, Paula Reid, and Katelyn Polantz, “Trump attorneys haven’t found classified document former president referred to on tape following subpoena,” CNN, June 2, 2023,

Chris Stein, “‘They fought for freedom’: the nightly vigil to sanctify the January 6 rioters,” Guardian, June 3, 2023,

Jacqueline Alemany et al., “Trump lawyers meeting with Justice Dept. on classified documents case,” Washington Post, June 5, 2023,

Josh Dawsey and Amy Gardner, “Trump-funded studies disputing election fraud are focus in two probes,” Washington Post, June 5, 2023,

Rozina Sabur, “Flood at Donald Trump’s Mar-a-Lago resort raises suspicions in classified documents case,” Telegraph, June 5, 2023,

Chris Walker, “Trump’s Lawyers Have 2-Hour Meeting With DOJ Over Mar-a-Lago Documents Case,” Truthout, June 5, 2023,

Casey Newton, “The platforms give up on 2020 lies,” Platformer, June 6, 2023,

Spencer S. Hsu et al., “Trump special counsel shifts focus of possible indictment to S. Florida,” Washington Post, June 7, 2023,

Alex Isenstadt and Kyle Cheney, “Trump notified that he is the target of an ongoing criminal investigation,” Politico, June 7, 2023,

Devlin Barrett, Perry Stein, and Josh Dawsey, “Trump charged in classified documents case, second indictment in months,” Washington Post, June 8, 2023,

Marc Caputo, “‘Prosecuting Politicians is Hard Here’: Why South Florida is a Tough Place for DOJ to Try Trump,” Messenger, June 8, 2023,

Ankush Khardori, “The Chaos Inside Trump’s Legal Team,” New York, June 8, 2023,

Hugo Lowell, “Donald Trump charged with illegal retention of classified documents,” Guardian, June 8, 2023,

Stefania Palma, “Donald Trump says he has been indicted on federal charges in documents probe,” Financial Times, June 8, 2023,

Gabriel J. Chin, “Trump indictment unsealed – a criminal law scholar explains what the charges mean, and what prosecutors will now need to prove,” Conversation, June 9, 2023,

Joseph Ferguson and Thomas A. Durkin, “Trump charged under Espionage Act – which covers a lot more crimes than just spying,” Conversation, June 9, 2023,

Alan Feuer, “Trump-Appointed Judge Is Said to Be Handling Documents Case,” New York Times, June 9, 2023,

David Gilbert, “‘We Need to Start Killing’: Trump’s Far-Right Supporters Are Threatening Civil War,” Vice, June 9, 2023,

Ankush Khardori, “The ‘Lock Him Up’ Election,” New York, June 9, 2023,

Tom Nichols, “Trump’s Indictment Reveals a National-Security Nightmare,” Atlantic, June 9, 2023,

Jennifer Rubin, “Merrick Garland and Jack Smith come through: Trump will face justice,” Washington Post, June 9, 2023,

Jonathan Turley, “Trying Trump: Scandal May Be His Element — But This Time May Be Different,” Messenger, June 9, 2023,

Aruna Viswanatha, Sadie Gurman, and C. Ryan Barber, “Trump Charged Over Willful Retention of Classified Information, Obstruction,” Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2023,

Marc Fisher, “Trump’s path to indictment: ‘Isn’t it better if there are no documents?’” Washington Post, June 10, 2023,

Michael S. Schmidt et al., “Trump Supporters’ Violent Rhetoric in His Defense Disturbs Experts,” New York Times, June 10, 2023,

Kyle Cheney, “He devised a fringe legal theory to try to keep Trump in power. Now he’s on the verge of being disbarred,” Forbes, June 11, 2023,

Richard Nixon [Justin Sherrin], “On the Trump/Nauta Indictment,” Patreon, June 11, 2023,

Marina Pitofsky, “Barr ‘shocked’ by Trump indictment details: “If even half of it is true, then he’s toast,’” USA Today, June 11, 2023,

Paul Rosenzweig, “The Three Biggest Obstacles to Convicting Trump,” Atlantic, June 11, 2023,

David Aaron, “How Much Prison Time Does Former President Trump Face? Applying the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines,” Just Security, June 12, 2023,

Isaac Chotiner, “Will the Judge in Trump’s Case Recuse Herself—or Be Forced To?” New Yorker, June 12, 2023,

Spencer S. Hsu et al., “Trump scrambles to find lawyer before first federal court appearance,” Washington Post, June 12, 2023,

Molly Jong-Fast, “Even a Damning Federal Case Can’t Break the GOP’s Devotion to Donald Trump,” Vanity Fair, June 12, 2023,

Eric Lutz, “Judge Aileen Cannon Could Blow Up Trump Documents Case,” Vanity Fair, June 12, 2023,

Nick Madigan, Verónica Zaragovia, and Richard Fausset, “Floridians Would Make Up Trump’s Jury Pool. Here’s What Some Are Saying,” New York Times, June 12, 2023,

Jeannie Suk Gersen, “The Case Against Trump Is Strong, but There Are Problems Ahead,” New Yorker, June 13, 2023,

Shayna Jacobs et al., “Trump arraigned, pleads not guilty to 37 classified documents charges,” Washington Post, June 13, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Trump Basically One Day Away From Hiring a Lawyer Who Advertises on the Side of a Bus to Defend Him,” Vanity Fair, June 13, 2023,

Hugo Lowell, “Trump finds no new lawyers for court appearance in Mar-a-Lago case,” Guardian, June 13, 2023,

James Risen, “Trump Is a Predator Who Feeds on Lackeys,” Intercept, June 13, 2023,

Jesús Rodríguez, “In the MAGA mirror, Trump’s legal peril looks like a personal threat,” Washington Post, June 13, 2023,

Gabriel Sherman, “Donald Trump Advisers Worry Over Legal Team Civil War: ‘It’s All Coming to a Head,’” Vanity Fair, June 13, 2023,

Maanvi Singh, “Trump claims ‘political persecution’ in speech after arraignment,” Guardian, June 13, 2023,

Isaac Arnsdorf and Josh Dawsey, “Trump greets arraignment with showmanship in bid to upstage charges,” Washington Post, June 14, 2023,

Jeffrey Blehar, “Pardoning Is Not Enough: We Must All Perform Seppuku for Donald Trump,” National Review, June 14, 2023,

Alan Feuer, Maggie Haberman, and Glenn Thrush, “They Are Trump’s Aides and Lawyers. Now They Could Be Trial Witnesses,” New York Times, June 14, 2023,

Quinta Jurecic, “Trump Can’t Bluster His Way Through Court,” Atlantic, June 14, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Melania Trump Is Apparently in a Zen Place About Her Husband Potentially Going to Prison,” Vanity Fair, June 14, 2023,

Michael S. Schmidt and Charlie Savage, “Judge in Trump Documents Case Has Scant Criminal Trial Experience,” New York Times, June 14, 2023,

Prem Thakker, “Trump ‘Is Scared Shitless,’” New Republic, June 14, 2023,

Glenn Thrush, Nicholas Nehamas, and Eileen Sullivan, “Trump Is Arraigned on Documents and Obstruction Charges,” New York Times, June 14, 2023,

Aaron Blake, “6 big questions ahead on Trump’s indictment,” Washington Post, June 15, 2023,

Alan Feuer, “In Miami, the Only Violence From Trump Supporters Was Rhetorical,” New York Times, June 15, 2023,

Mathew Ingram, “The tech platforms have surrendered in the fight over election-related misinformation,” Columbia Journalism Review, June 15, 2023,

Stefania Palma, “Jack Smith: the federal prosecutor taking on Donald Trump,” Financial Times, June 15, 2023,

Alan Feuer, “Evidence in Trump Documents Case Hints at ‘Ongoing Investigations,’ Filing Says,” New York Times, June 16, 2023,

Carol D. Leonnig and Aaron C. Davis, “FBI resisted opening probe into Trump’s role in Jan. 6 for more than a year,” Washington Post, June 19, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Federal Judge Orders Trump to Shut Up About Classified Docs,” New Republic, June 19, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Why Did the DOJ Resist Investigating Donald Trump’s Role in January 6?” New Republic, June 19, 2023,

Tom Nichols, “Trump Seems to Be Afraid, Very Afraid,” Atlantic, June 21, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Pro-Trump Lawyer Cowardly Quits Rather Than Face Disbarment Trial,” New Republic, July 5, 2023,

Prem Thakker, “Rudy Giuiliani Should Lose Law License for ‘Malicious’ Efforts in 2020, Panel Says,” New Republic, July 7, 2023,

Devlin Barrett, “Trump seeks major trial delay, citing 2024 campaign and legal factors,” Washington Post, July 11, 2023,

Devlin Barrett, “Trump’s outbursts met with silence so far by prosecutor, judge,” Washington Post, July 16, 2023,

Mike Wendling, “The ‘QAnon Shaman’ and other Capitol rioters who regret pleading guilty,” British Broadcasting Corporation, July 16, 2023,

Holly Bailey, “Georgia Supreme Court rejects Trump petition to block election probe,” Washington Post, July 17, 2023,

Bess Levin, “Chris Christie Suggests Jared Kushner May Not Have Been Entirely Truthful When Testifying About Trump’s Failed Election Coup,” Vanity Fair, July 17, 2023,

Perry Stein and Mark Berman, “Judge seems skeptical of Trump desire to delay documents trial until after 2024 election,” Washington Post, July 18, 2023,

Perry Stein, Josh Dawsey, and Jacqueline Alemany, “Trump says he received a target letter in federal Jan. 6 investigation,” Washington Post, July 18, 2023,

Prem Thakker, “‘Little Bitch’: Republicans Melt Down as Trump Faces Third Indictment,” New Republic, July 18, 2023,

Hugo Lowell, “Trump under investigation for civil rights conspiracy in January 6 inquiry,” Guardian, July 19, 2023,

Holly Bailey, “Trump attorneys again push to block Georgia 2020 election investigation,” Washington Post, July 21, 2023,

Sadie Gurman, “Judge Sets May 2024 Trial Date for Trump’s Documents Case,” Wall Street Journal, July 21, 2023,

Bess Levin, “That Sound You Hear Is Donald Trump Screaming, Crying, and Throwing Up in a Mar-a-Lago Bathroom,” Vanity Fair, July 21, 2023,

Hugo Lowell, “Fulton county prosecutors prepare racketeering charges in Trump inquiry,” Guardian, July 21, 2023,

Matt Stieb, “Trump May Be on Trial During the 2024 General Election,” New York, July 21, 2023,

Kate Brumback, “Giuliani concedes he made public comments falsely claiming Georgia election workers committed fraud,” Associated Press, July 26, 2023,

Devlin Barrett and Perry Stein, “Trump charged with seeking to delete security footage in documents case,” Washington Post, July 27, 2023,

Caroline Anders, “Judge throws out Trump’s ‘big lie’ defamation lawsuit against CNN,” Washington Post, July 29, 2023,

Tori Otten, “‘We’re Ready to Go’: Georgia DA Warns New Trump Charges Are Coming,” New Republic, July 31, 2023,

Jan Wolfe and Cameron McWhirter, “Judge Criticizes Trump for ‘Overwrought’ Complaints About Georgia Election Probe,” Wall Street Journal, July 31, 2023,

Devlin Barrett et al., “Trump charged in probe of Jan. 6, efforts to overturn 2020 election,” Washington Post, August 1, 2023,

Spencer S. Hsu and Tom Jackman, “Judge Tanya Chutkan is a tough Trump critic, toughest Jan. 6 sentencer,” Washington Post, August 1, 2023,

Adam Rawnsley and Asawin Suebsaeng, “Trump’s Plan to Save Himself: Scapegoat His Coup Lawyers,” Rolling Stone, August 1, 2023,

Tina Nguyen, “The Closing of the Florida Mind,” Puck, August 2, 2023,

Ryan Cooper, “Merrick Garland Failed America,” American Prospect, August 3, 2023,

Tierney Sneed et al., “Donald Trump pleads not guilty to January 6-related charges,” CNN, August 3, 2023,

Michael Tomasky, “Donald Trump’s Lawyer Is Dumber Than Donald Trump,” New Republic, August 4, 2023,

Edwin Rios, “Donald Trump: threatening social media post flagged by prosecutors in court filing,” Guardian, August 5, 2023,

Matt Stieb, “Trump Is Already at War With the Judge in the January 6 Case,” New York, August 7, 2023,

Jewel Wicker, “‘He’s going to be very surprised’: Georgia DA Fani Willis prepares to face off with Trump,” Guardian, August 14, 2023,

Kate Brumback and Eric Tucker, “Trump and 18 allies charged in Georgia election meddling as former president faces 4th criminal case,” Associated Press, August 15, 2023,

Amelia Thomson-DeVeaux, “What Happens If Trump Is Convicted Before Election Day?” FiveThirtyEight, August 15, 2023,

Maya Yang, “Names and addresses of Trump jurors in Georgia posted on rightwing websites,” Guardian, August 17, 2023,

Jennifer Rubin, “Why Trump’s Georgia case likely can’t be removed to federal court,” Washington Post, August 20, 2023,

Holly Bailey, “Judge approves $200,000 bond for Trump in Georgia election case,” Washington Post, August 21, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Mike Pence and Mark Meadows Just Ruined Trump’s Defense in Classified Docs Case,” New Republic, August 21, 2023,

Alanna Durkin Richer and Jill Colvin, “Trump says he will surrender Thursday on Georgia charges tied to efforts to overturn 2020 election,” Associated Press, August 21, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Let the Flipping Begin: Key Witness in Classified Docs Case Turns Against Trump,” New Republic, August 23, 2023,

Jill Nolin, Ross Williams, and Stanley Dunlap, “Trump supporters, detractors face off outside jail as he’s booked on Georgia racketeering charges,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, August 24, 2023,

Margaret Hartmann and Nia Prater, “All the Mug Shots of Donald Trump and His Alleged Co-Conspirators,” New York, August 25, 2023,

Eric Lutz, “Georgia Republicans Say They’ll Move to Remove Fulton County DA Fani Willis From Office With New State Law,” Vanity Fair, August 25, 2023,

Anthony Man, “Trump ineligible for presidency because of his role in insurrection, lawsuit says,” South Florida Sun-Sentinel, August 25, 2023,

Ryan J. Reilly, “Federal judge sets March trial date in Trump’s election interference case,” NBC News, August 28, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Former Judge Trashes ‘Stunningly Stupid’ Move From Trump’s Legal Team,” New Republic, August 29, 2023,

Katelyn Polantz, “Giuliani loses defamation lawsuit from two Georgia election workers,” CNN, August 30, 2023,

Jaclyn Diaz, “Proud Boys leaders sentenced to a combined 32 years for Jan. 6 riot,” National Public Radio, August 31, 2023,

Erica Orden, “The sleeper legal fight that could define 2024: Is Trump even eligible to run?” Politico, September 1, 2023,

Tom Jackman and Spencer S. Hsu, “Ex-Proud Boys leader Enrique Tarrio sentenced to 22 years for Jan. 6,” Washington Post, September 5, 2023,

Shayna Jacobs, “New York attorney general again seeks sanctions for Trump in civil case,” Washington Post, September 5, 2023,

Maegan Vazquez, “Could the 14th Amendment keep Trump off the ballot in 2024?” Washington Post, September 5, 2023,

Nick Coltrain, “Colorado voters sue to disqualify Donald Trump from 2024 presidential ballot,” Denver Post, September 6, 2023,

Zach Montellaro, “Constitutional debate over Trump’s eligibility to run more extensive than realized,” Politico, September 6, 2023,

Tori Otten, “Mar-a-Lago Employee Will Now Testify Against Trump in Classified Docs Case,” New Republic, September 6, 2023,

Amy Gardner, “Judge denies Mark Meadows’s effort to move Georgia case to federal court,” Washington Post, September 8, 2023,

Amy Gardner, Patrick Marley, and Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, “GOP lawyer with ties to three Trump rivals enters 14th Amendment fray,” Washington Post, September 12, 2023,

Miranda Nazzaro, “Second 14th Amendment challenge to Trump candidacy filed in Minnesota,” Hill, September 12, 2023,

Stephen Marche, “Here’s the scary way Trump could win without the electoral or popular vote,” Guardian, September 18, 2023,

Ben Jacobs, “Are ‘Never Trump’ Republicans Actually Just Democrats Now?” New Republic, September 21, 2023,

Eric Levitz, “Trump Wants His Enemies to Fear for Their Lives,” New York, September 26, 2023,

Alanna Durkin Richer and Eric Tucker, “Judge Chutkan denies Trump’s request to recuse herself in federal election subversion case,” Associated Press, September 27, 2023,

Kyle Cheney, “Trump’s attack on Milley fuels special counsel’s push for a gag order,” Politico, September 29, 2023,

Zachary Cohen, Jason Morris, and Nick Valencia, “Bail bondsman is first Trump co-defendant to plead guilty in Georgia election subversion case,” CNN, September 29, 2023,

Jennifer Rubin, “Republicans (rightly) panic. Good luck finding a viable alternative,” Washington Post, October 1, 2023,

Nick Coltrain, “Denver judge rules 14th Amendment lawsuit seeking to bar Trump from ballot can proceed,” Denver Post, October 13, 2023,

Mariah Timms and Cameron McWhirter, “Sidney Powell Accepts Plea Deal in Trump’s Georgia Case,” October 19, 2023,

Noam Cohen, “The Queens Man Ruled Ineligible to Be President,” Atlantic, October 19, 2023,

Holly Bailey and Amy Gardner, “Trump co-defendant Kenneth Chesebro pleads guilty in Georgia election case,” Washington Post, October 20, 2023,

Holly Bailey and Amy Gardner, “Trump co-defendant Jenna Ellis pleads guilty in Georgia election case,” Washington Post, October 24, 2023,

Rachel Weiner and Spencer S. Hsu, “Judge reimposes restrictions on Trump’s speech in Jan. 6 case,” Washington Post, October 30, 2023,

Patrick Marley, “Trump can appear on 2024 primary ballot in Minnesota, state Supreme Court rules,” Washington Post, November 8, 2023,

Marshall Cohen, “Trump ‘engaged in an insurrection,’ judge says, but should remain on Colorado ballot,” CNN, November 17, 2023,

Nicholas Riccardi, “Colorado Supreme Court will hear appeal of ruling that Trump can stay on ballot despite insurrection,” Denver Post, November 21, 2023,

Rachel Weiner and Spencer S. Hsu, “Trump can be held civilly liable in Jan. 6 riot, judges rule,” Washington Post, December 1, 2023,

Peter Hamby, “Just Spoke to Christie…” Puck, December 4, 2023,

Patrick Marley, “Wisconsin Trump electors settle lawsuit, agree Biden won in 2020,” Washington Post, December 6, 2023,

Rachel Weiner, “Trump gag order reinstated but narrowed in Jan. 6 case,” Washington Post, December 8, 2023,

  1. [1]Margaret Hartmann and Nia Prater, “All the Mug Shots of Donald Trump and His Alleged Co-Conspirators,” New York, August 25, 2023,
  2. [2]Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. says Trump team may have hidden, moved classified papers,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,

246 thoughts on “Illiberalism · Gilead · Donald Trump · Coup attempt

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