Imperialism · China · Xinjiang




Fig. 1. “Locations of Xinjiang internment camps.” Map by National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, using data from the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, and administrative boundaries from GADM, March 1, 2021, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

AsiaNews, “Many Muslim countries ‘silent’ on Uyghur persecution,” June 6, 2019,

Emma Graham-Harrison and Juliette Garside, “‘Allow no escapes’: leak exposes reality of China’s vast prison camp network,” Guardian, November 24, 2019,

Associated Press, “China cuts Uighur births with IUDs, abortion, sterilization,” June 29, 2020,

Joseph Zeballos-Roig, “Trump says he opted against punishing China for its internment of 1 million Muslims to avoid jeopardizing a trade deal he long sought,” Business Insider, June 22, 2020,

Jonathan Swan, “Exclusive: Trump held off on Xinjiang sanctions for China trade deal,” Axios, June 21, 2020,

Evan Halper, “EV makers’ use of Chinese suppliers raises concerns about forced labor,” Washington Post, September 18, 2023,