Neoliberalism · Work



Fig. 1. The spectre of Death, in the form of a large skeleton, rises with the smoke and flames of the burning Asch Building during the Triangle fire, as people jump and fall to their death. Artist unknown, from International Ladies Garment Workers Union Photographs (1885-1985) at The Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0.

Fig. 2. Yeah, this was me. The sign says, “If you’re whining about a labor shortage, STOP ignoring my job applications!” And the QR-code leads here. Photograph by author, January 16, 2023.

See also:

William G. Shepherd, “Witness watches helplessly as fire victims leap to their death,” March 25, 1911,

Carlton Meyer, “America’s 20 Percent Unemployment Rate,” Truthout, April 10, 2009, copy in possession of author

Spencer Soper, “Inside Amazon’s Warehouse,” Lehigh Valley Morning Call, September 18, 2011,

Gabriel Mac, “I Was a Warehouse Wage Slave,” Mother Jones, March/April 2012,

Erin Hatton, “The Rise of the Permanent Temp Economy,” New York Times, January 26, 2013,

Paul Kiernan, “Despite Tight Job Market, Labor Force’s Income Is Squeezed,” Wall Street Journal, February 23, 2019,

Alana Semuels, “As employers push efficiency, the daily grind wears down workers,” Los Angeles Times, April 7, 2013,

Alana Semuels, “How the relationship between employers and workers changed,” Los Angeles Times, April 7, 2013,

Alana Semuels, “Tougher workplace makes home life worse too,” Los Angeles Times, April 7, 2013,

Daniel D’Addario, “Amazon is worse than Walmart,” Salon, July 30, 2013,

Alex Seitz-Wald, “Amazon is everything wrong with our new economy,” Salon, July 30, 2013,

Allison Kilkenny, “Ohio Walmart Holds Food Drive For Its Own Employees,” Nation, November 18, 2013,

Josh Eidelson, “Wal-Mart faces warehouse horror allegations and federal Labor Board complaint,” Salon, November 19, 2013,

Josh Eidelson, “Tens of thousands protest, over 100 arrested in Black Friday challenge to Wal-Mart,” Salon, November 30, 2013,

Josh Eidelson, “Finally paying for Wal-Mart’s sins: Wage theft settlement yields millions,” Salon, December 16, 2013,

Paul Krugman, “The Plight of the Employed,” New York Times, December 24, 2013,

Paul Krugman, “The Fear Economy,” New York Times, December 26, 2013,

Josh Eidelson, “Freezing for Wal-Mart: Sub-zero warehouse temperatures spur Indiana work stoppage,” Salon, January 14, 2014,

Josh Eidelson, “Amazon Keeps Unions Out By Keeping Workers in Fear, Says Organizer,” Alternet, January 22, 2014,

Simon Head, “Worse than Wal-Mart: Amazon’s sick brutality and secret history of ruthlessly intimidating workers,” Salon, February 23, 2014,

Edward McClelland, “You call this a middle class? “I’m trying not to lose my house,’” Salon, March 1, 2014,

Timothy Egan, “The Corporate Daddy,” New York Times, June 19, 2014,

Ari Rabin-Havt, “Wal-Mart flunks its fact-check: The truth behind its sarcastic response to the Times,” Salon, June 25, 2014,

Steven Greenhouse, “The Changing Face of Temporary Employment,” New York Times, August 31, 2014,

Nathaniel Mott, “From Amazon warehouse workers to Google bus drivers, it’s tough working a non-tech job at a tech company,” Pando, October 9, 2014,

Nichole Gracely, “‘Being homeless is better than working for Amazon,’” Guardian, November 28, 2014,

Sven Beckert, “Slavery and Capitalism,” Chronicle of Higher Education, December 12, 2014,

Danielle Kurtzleben, “Read McDonald’s workers’ shocking harassment and discrimination complaints — and why they’re so important,” Vox, January 22, 2015,

Paul Jaskunas, “The Tyranny of the Forced Smile,” New York Times, February 14, 2015,

Lindsay Wise, “Report: Temp jobs at all-time high in U.S.,” McClatchy, September 2, 2014,

Kate Gibson, “Minimum wage doesn’t cover the rent anywhere in the U.S.,” CBS News, June 14, 2018,

Colin Lecher, “How Amazon automatically tracks and fires warehouse workers for ‘productivity,’” Verge, April 25, 2019,

Richard V. Reeves, “Capitalism is failing. People want a job with a decent wage – why is that so hard?” Brookings, April 29, 2019,

Neel Kashkari, “Unemployment Isn’t What It Used to Be,” Wall Street Journal, May 9, 2019,

John Cassidy, “Why Socialism Is Back,” New Yorker, June 18, 2019,

Gabriele Gratton, “Our economic model looks broken, but trying to fix it could be a disaster,” Conversation, June 7, 2019,

Casey Newton, “Bodies in Seats,” Verge, June 19, 2019,

Julia Carrie Wong, “‘A white-collar sweatshop’: Google Assistant contractors allege wage theft,” Guardian, June 25, 2019,

Johana Bhuiyan, “Amazon ends practice of dipping into drivers’ tips to meet their wage guarantees,” Los Angeles Times, August 22, 2019,

Taylor Telford, “Income inequality in America is the highest it’s been since census started tracking it, data shows,” Washington Post, September 26, 2019,

Charles Duhigg, “Is Amazon Unstoppable?” New Yorker, October 10, 2019,

Patricia Cohen, “Lots of Job Hunting, but No Job, Despite Low Unemployment,” New York Times, November 1, 2019,

Nicole Goodkind, “Prisoners Are Fighting California’s Wildfires on the Front Lines, But Getting Little in Return,” Fortune, November 1, 2019,

Jamelle Bouie, “Do Democrats Really Know Who Their Friends Are?” New York Times, December 4, 2019,

Danny Fortson, “Is Jeff Bezos’s Amazon now the ‘evil face of capitalism’?” Times, December 8, 2019,

Patrick McGreevy and Suhauna Hussain, “California demands that Amazon comply with COVID-19 investigation,” Los Angeles Times, December 14, 2020,

Dean Baker, “This is What Minimum Wage Would Be If It Kept Pace with Productivity,” Center for Economic Policy and Research, January 21, 2020,

Michael Sainato, “‘I’m not a robot’: Amazon workers condemn unsafe, grueling conditions at warehouse,” Guardian, February 5, 2020,

Eric Levitz, “Coronavirus Exposes the Virulence of American Conservatism,” New York, March 23, 2020,

Mike Snider, “Work strikes at Amazon, Instacart and Whole Foods show essential workers’ safety concerns,” USA Today, March 30, 2020,

Jason Pohl, Ryan Sabalow, and Dale Kasler, “Medical employees say they’re getting COVID-19 on the job. Here’s why hospitals push back,” Sacramento Bee, April 2, 2020,

Jennifer Valentino-DeVries, Denise Lu, and Gabriel J.X. Dance, “Location Data Says It All: Staying at Home During Coronavirus Is a Luxury,” New York Times, April 3, 2020,

Karleigh Frisbie Brogan, “Calling Me a Hero Only Makes You Feel Better,” Atlantic, April 18, 2020,

Kanishk Tharoor, “The Exclusivity Economy,” review of The Velvet Rope Economy: How Inequality Became Big Business by Nelson D. Schwartz, New Republic, April 21, 2020,

Martina Hund-Mejean and Marcela Escobari, “Our employment system has failed low-wage workers. How can we rebuild?” Brookings, April 28, 2020,

Emily Stewart, “Essential workers still lack basic safety protections on the job,” Vox, May 7, 2020,

George Packer, “We Are Living in a Failed State,” Atlantic, June 2020,

Michael Sainato, “‘I cry before work’: US essential workers burned out amid pandemic,” Guardian, September 23, 2020,

Burgess Everett, “8 Democrats defect on $15 minimum wage hike,” Politico, March 5, 2021,

Alex Leary and Eliza Collins, “Unions Notch Win With House Passage of Bill Opposed by Uber, Lyft,” Wall Street Journal, March 10, 2021,

Jessa Crispin, “Amazon is a disaster for workers. Nomadland glosses over that,” Guardian, March 23, 2021,

Matt Stieb, “Amazon Called Out for Denying Workers Go to Bathroom in Bottles,” New York, March 25, 2021,

Ken Klippenstein, “Documents Show Amazon Is Aware Drivers Pee in Bottles and Even Defecate En Route, Despite Company Denial,” Intercept, March 25, 2021,

Reuters, “Amazon apology to Democrat includes admission drivers urinate in bottles,” Guardian, April 3, 2021,

Sarah Jones, “Amazon Defeats Union Drive in Alabama,” New York, April 9, 2021,

Eric Levitz, “5 Explanations for April’s Bad Jobs Report,” New York, May 7, 2021,

Heather Long, “It’s not a ‘labor shortage.’ It’s a great reassessment of work in America,” Washington Post, May 7, 2021,

Jon Schwarz, “The Business Class Has Been Fearmongering About Worker Shortages for Centuries,” Intercept, May 7, 2021,

Greg Rosalsky, “Is There Really A Truck Driver Shortage?” National Public Radio, May 25, 2021,

Eric Levitz, “Letting the Economy Create Jobs for Everyone Is (Sadly) Radical,” New York, June 4, 2021,

Eli Rosenberg, “These businesses found a way around the worker shortage: Raising wages to $15 an hour or more,” Washington Post, June 10, 2021,

Jodi Kantor, Karen Weise, and Grace Ashford, “The Amazon That Customers Don’t See,” New York Times, June 15, 2021,

Jodi Kantor, Karen Weise and Grace Ashford, “Power and Peril: 5 Takeaways on Amazon’s Employment Machine,” New York Times, June 16, 2021,

Abha Bhattarai, “Retail workers are quitting at record rates for higher-paying work: ‘My life isn’t worth a dead-end job,’” Washington Post, June 21, 2021,

Tim De Chant, “Amazon is using algorithms with little human intervention to fire Flex workers,” Ars Technica, June 28, 2021,

Justin Lahart, “Jobs Are Hard to Fill, and Ideology Makes It Hard to Understand Why,” Wall Street Journal, June 30, 2021,

Fiona Greig et al., “When unemployment insurance benefits are rolled back: Impacts on job finding and the recipients of the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance Program,” J.P. Morgan Chase and Company Institute, July 2021,

Jessa Crispin, “Welcome to dystopia: getting fired from your job as an Amazon worker by an app,” Guardian, July 5, 2021,

Jenn Ladd, “‘This is a real job’: Philly’s restaurant workers dissect the labor shortage, and contemplate a different future,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 10, 2021,

Anna Bahney, “Minimum wage workers can’t afford rent anywhere in America,” CNN, July 15, 2021,

Michael Sainato, “Companies claim there’s a labor shortage. Their solution? Prisoners,” Guardian, July 20, 2021,

Alina Selyukh, “Low Pay, No Benefits, Rude Customers: Restaurant Workers Quit At Record Rate,” National Public Radio, July 20, 2021,

Ariana Tobin, Ken Armstrong, and Justin Elliott, “‘We’re Not Allowed to Hang Up’: The Harsh Reality of Working in Customer Service,” ProPublica, July 21, 2021,

Gene Marks, “Rude customers are a drag – but can we small business owners do more?” Guardian, July 25, 2021,

Ryan Deto, “A Pittsburgh Burger King closes temporarily as workers apparently walk out,” Pittsburgh City Paper, July 26, 2021,

Rachel Pannett, “Minimum-wage lessons for the U.S. from the other side of the world,” Washington Post, July 26, 2021,

Cara Sapida, “Police respond after Pittsburgh’s South Side Burger King allegedly left empty by workers,” WPXI, July 26, 2021,

Amara Omeokwe, “Biden Administration Moves to Tilt Pay and Power Toward Workers,” Wall Street Journal, July 27, 2021,

Heather Long and Andrew Van Dam, “States that cut unemployment early aren’t seeing a hiring boom, but who gets hired is changing,” Washington Post, July 27, 2021,

Sebastian Herrera, “Federal Labor Official Recommends Alabama Amazon Workers Hold New Vote, Union Says,” Wall Street Journal, August 2, 2021,

Bryan Mena, “Unfilled Job Openings Outnumber Unemployed Americans Seeking Work,” Wall Street Journal, August 9, 2021,

Matt Petras, “In the continuing pandemic, businesses need workers, but are jobs meeting the needs of residents?” Public Source, August 12, 2021,

Anna North, “The death of the job,” Vox, August 24, 2021,

Francisco Velasquez, “How much money a single person needs to earn to get by in every U.S. state,” CNBC, August 25, 2021,

Nick Timiraos, “Fed Faces New Challenge Spelling Out Employment Goals,” Wall Street Journal, August 29, 2021,

Sarah Chaney Cambon and Danny Dougherty, “States That Cut Unemployment Benefits Saw Limited Impact on Job Growth,” Wall Street Journal, September 1, 2021,

Heather Long, Alyssa Fowers, and Andrew Van Dam, “Why America has 8.4 million unemployed when there are 10 million job openings,” Washington Post, September 4, 2021,

Joe Napsha, “Western Pa. business owners lament: Where have all the workers gone?” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, September 5, 2021,

Heather Long, “‘The pay is absolute crap’: Child-care workers are quitting rapidly, a red flag for the economy,” Washington Post, September 19, 2021,

Eli Rosenberg, Abha Bhattarai, and Andrew Van Dam, “A record number of workers are quitting their jobs, empowered by new leverage,” Washington Post, October 12, 2021,

Derek Thompson, “The Great Resignation Is Accelerating,” Atlantic, October 15, 2021,

Dominick Reuter, “A worker in Florida applied to 60 entry-level jobs in September and got one interview,” Business Insider, October 19, 2021,

Jamison Hixenbaugh, “Gov. Wolf to Impose Higher Wages, Sick Pay Requirements for Workers,” Erie News Now, October 22, 2021,

Holly Harrar, “Gov. Wolf signs new order to protect workers, raise minimum wage,” WFMZ, October 24, 2021,

Heather Long and Eli Rosenberg, “Why millions of job seekers aren’t getting hired in this hot job market,” Washington Post, November 8, 2021,

Andrew Mollica and Sarah Chaney Cambon, “Where U.S. Workers Are Quitting Jobs at Record Rates,” Wall Street Journal, November 25, 2021,

Jay Greene, “Labor board calls for revote at Amazon warehouse in Alabama in major victory for union,” Washington Post, November 29, 2021,

Judd Legum, “Want to be a criminal in America? Stealing billions is your best bet to go scot-free,” Guardian, December 7, 2021,

Heather Haddon, “Starbucks Workers at Buffalo-Area Store Vote in Favor of Unionizing,” Wall Street Journal, December 9, 2021,

Anneken Tappe and Allison Morrow, “Three key numbers that explain America’s labor shortage,” CNN, December 25, 2021,

Anneken Tappe, “America runs on bad jobs,” CNN, December 29, 2021,

Katie Bach, “Is ‘long Covid’ worsening the labor shortage?” Brookings, January 11, 2022,

Harriet Torry, “Omicron Wave Drives Surge of Workers Calling In Sick, Working Through Illness,” Wall Street Journal, January 23, 2022,

Michael Toscano, “Workism Isn’t Working,” First Things, February 2022,

David Dayen and Rakeen Mabud, “How We Broke the Supply Chain,” American Prospect, January 31, 2022,

Anneken Tappe, “A record number of Americans quit their jobs in 2021,” CNN, February 1, 2022,

Esther Eriksson von Allmen, “Medical Emergency,” American Prospect, February 1, 2022,

Robert Kuttner, “China: Epicenter of the Supply Chain Crisis,” American Prospect, February 1, 2022,

Amir Khafagy, “The Hidden Costs of Containerization,” American Prospect, February 2, 2022,

Ella Fanger, “Labor Fight Brews on the Docks,” American Prospect, February 3, 2022,

Alexander Sammon, “We Were Warned About the Ports,” American Prospect, February 3, 2022,

Matthew Jinoo Buck, “How America’s Supply Chains Got Railroaded,” American Prospect, February 4, 2022,

Steven Greenhouse, “Amazon chews through the average worker in eight months. They need a union,” Guardian, February 4, 2022,

Abha Bhattarai, “Despite omicron surge, businesses desperate to find and keep workers,” Washington Post, February 5, 2022,

Lisa Bannon, “The New Post-60 Career Paths,” Wall Street Journal, February 6, 2022,

Harold Meyerson, “Why Trucking Can’t Deliver the Goods,” American Prospect, February 7, 2022,

Gabrielle Gurley, “The Warehouse Space Race,” American Prospect, February 8, 2022,

Jamison Hixenbaugh, “Gov. Wolf Continues Push for Minimum Wage Increase in Pennsylvania,” Erie News Now, February 11, 2022,

Justin Lahart, “There Will Never Be Enough Workers,” Wall Street Journal, March 9, 2022,

Helaine Olen, “How to solve the worker shortage? Improve pay and other conditions,” Washington Post, March 10, 2022,

Dean Baker, “Correction: The $23 an Hour Minimum Wage,” Center for Economic Policy and Research, March 16, 2022,

Gene Marks, “Turns out the Great Resignation may be followed by the Great Regret,” Guardian, March 20, 2022,

Brian Callaci, “Amazon Warehouses Are Relentless, Dangerous Workplaces—but It’s Hard to Punish Them for It, Thanks to Bill Clinton,” New Republic, March 25, 2022,

Rachel Lerman et al., “Amazon workers vote to join a union in New York in historic move,” Washington Post, April 1, 2022,

Timothy Noah, “Yes, Wages Did Go Up. But Now We’re Back to the Crap-Job Economy,” New Republic, April 27, 2022,

Max Haiven, Graeme Webb, and Xenia Benivolski, “Is Amazon the Borg? We Asked Their Workers,” Los Angeles Review of Books, May 7, 2022,

Emma Ockerman, “Fed official says he doesn’t buy the ‘Great Resignation’ — suggests employers play up labor shortage to avoid paying higher wages,” MarketWatch, May 10, 2022,

Rani Molla, “Tell your boss: Working from home is making you more productive,” Vox, May 30, 2022,

Sarah Anderson and Sam Pizzigati, “Executive Excess 2022,” Institute for Policy Studies, June 2022,

Hope King, “Musk’s WFH warning amplifies threat level for workers,” Axios, June 1, 2022,

Javier E. David, “Remote work may not be working any more,” Axios, June 5, 2022,

Vivian Giang, “The Office Monsters Are Trying to Claw Their Way Back to 2019,” New York Times, June 5, 2022,

Andrea Hsu, “The idea of working in the office, all day, every day? No thanks, say workers,” National Public Radio, June 5, 2022,

Dominic Rushe, “Wage gap between CEOs and US workers jumped to 670-to-1 last year, study finds,” Guardian, June 7, 2022,

Jim Martin, “Erie job market earns low marks in national study; how concerned should we be?” Erie Times-News, June 8, 2022,

Jan-Werner Müller, “Out with the old: is neoliberalism really dying?” review of The Rise and Fall of the Neoliberal Order: America and the World in the Free Market Era, by Gary Gerstle, New Statesman, June 17, 2022,

Jason Del Rey, “Leaked Amazon memo warns the company is running out of people to hire,” Vox, June 17, 2022,

Katherine Bindley and Angela Yang, “More Companies Start to Rescind Job Offers,” Wall Street Journal, June 22, 2022,

Breanne Fahs, “Nine Ways That Capitalism Is Ruining Sex,” Boston Review, August 5, 2022,

Lindsay Ellis and Angela Yang, “If Your Co-Workers Are ‘Quiet Quitting,’ Here’s What That Means,” Wall Street Journal, August 12, 2022,

Tim Biggs, “Why robot workers can’t fill the labour gap,” Age, August 15, 2022,

Lauren Kaori Gurley, “Record hot labor market has Minnesota scrambling for workers,” Washington Post, September 4, 2022,

William Horobin and Carolynn Look, “Lagarde Says ECB ‘Absolutely’ Must Avoid Second-Round Effects,” Bloomberg, September 16, 2022,

Sarah Hansen, “Why a Strong Jobs Report Is Actually Bad News for Investors,” Sacramento Bee, October 6, 2022,

Greg Jaffe, “Howard Schultz’s fight to stop a Starbucks barista uprising,” Washington Post, October 8, 2022,

Katy Stech Ferek, “Congressional Leaders Commit to Quickly Pass Legislation to Avert Rail Strike,” Wall Street Journal, November 29, 2022,

Catherine Rampell, “Where are the workers, really?” Washington Post, December 2, 2022,

Prarthana Prakash, “Men are dropping out of the labor force because they’re upset about their social status, according to a new study,” Fortune, December 7, 2022,

Ruth Simon, “Small Businesses Find Some Relief From Hiring Woes,” Wall Street Journal, December 30, 2022,

Imani Moise, “Laid-Off Workers Are Flooded With Fake Job Offers,” Wall Street Journal, January 12, 2023,

Robert Reich, “There is no US labor shortage. That’s a myth,” Guardian, January 15, 2023,

Darcy Jimenez, “US Cities Where Minimum Wage Goes The Furthest, Visualized,” Digg, January 17, 2023,

Patrick Villanova, “Cities Where Minimum Wage Goes Furthest – 2023 Edition,” SmartAsset, January 18, 2023,

Cory Doctorow, “Why the Fed wants to crush workers,” Medium, January 19, 2023,

Jon Schwarz, “In Confidential Memo, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen Celebrated Unemployment as a ‘Worker-Discipline Device,’” Intercept, January 24, 2023,

Justin Lahart, “Don’t Blame Covid for the Worker Shortage,” Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2023,

Bernard Marr, “The Real Reasons For Big Tech Layoffs At Google, Microsoft, Meta, And Amazon,” Forbes, January 30, 2023,

Brian Merchant, “The real aim of big tech’s layoffs: bringing workers to heel,” Los Angeles Times, January 30, 2023,

Grace Dean, “A tech CEO apologized for quoting Martin Luther King Jr. when announcing layoffs, calling it ‘inappropriate and insensitive,’” Business Insider, February 1, 2023,

Abha Bhattarai and Maggie Penman, “Restaurants can’t find workers because they’ve found better jobs,” Washington Post, February 3, 2023,

Justin Lahart, “Giving Labor Less of the American Pie,” Wall Street Journal, February 7, 2023,

Nick Timiraos, “Fed’s Jerome Powell Braces for Longer Inflation Fight Amid Hiring Surge,” Wall Street Journal, February 7, 2023,

Jane Thier, “Overemployment is here: Nearly half of workers have more than one full-time job,” Fortune, February 13, 2023,

Travis Bland, “NC Strip Club Says Models Can’t Deny It Info On Photos,” Law360, February 22, 2023,

Spencer Jakab, “Lousy Tippers Are Just Misunderstood,” Wall Street Journal, February 22, 2023,

Daniel de Visé, “Twenty high-paying jobs that don’t require a college degree,” Hill, February 22, 2023,

Tim Ryan, “Judge Drops Nationwide Injunction Against Starbucks,” Law360, February 23, 2023,

Grace Elletson, “Bulk Of Ex-Whole Foods Worker’s ADA Suit Moves Ahead,” Law360, February 24, 2023,

Amber Burton and Paolo Confino, “Employers are taking the easy way out and cutting employees through ‘backdoor layoffs,’” Fortune, February 28, 2023,

Jacob Bogage, “Starbucks committed ‘egregious’ violations in battling union, judge rules,” Washington Post, March 1, 2023,

Gerrit De Vynck, Caroline O’Donovan, and Naomi Nix, “The age of the Silicon Valley ‘moonshot’ is over,” Washington Post, March 2, 2023,

Annie Lowrey, “Low-Wage Jobs Are Becoming Middle-Class Jobs,” Atlantic, March 4, 2023,

Ryan Deto, “UPMC nurse lost job for speaking publicly about staffing shortages, labor complaint says,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, March 10, 2023,

Te-Ping Chen, “Job Listings Abound, but Many Are Fake,” Wall Street Journal, March 20, 2023,

Hamza Shaban, Luis Melgar, and Leslie Shapiro, “Deeply, truly, very sorry: How tech CEOs talk when they lay off workers,” Washington Post, March 21, 2023,

Nick Bilton, “Big Tech Companies Are Testing How Far They Can Slash Staff,” Vanity Fair, March 29, 2023,

Justin Lahart, “Still Desperately Seeking Workers,” Wall Street Journal, March 30, 2023,

Callum Borchers, “Bosses Want Hard Workers—So They’re Hiring Older People,” Wall Street Journal, April 6, 2023,

Preetika Rana, Lauren Thomas, and Emily Glazer, “Lyft to Cut at Least 1,200 Jobs in New Round of Layoffs to Reduce Costs,” Wall Street Journal, April 21, 2023,

Justin Lahart, “Help Still Wanted: Fewer Job Openings Won’t Faze the Fed,” Wall Street Journal, May 2, 2023,

Lizzy McLellan Ravitch, “A tight job market dangled opportunity. Instead, workers found burnout and uncertainty,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 29, 2023,

Marjorie Cohn, “Supreme Court Slashed Legal Protections for Striking. Only Jackson Dissented,” Truthout, June 5, 2023,

Gabriel T. Rubin and Christine Mai-Duc, “West Coast States Rode the Tech Boom. Now They Face Higher Unemployment, Falling Wages,” Wall Street Journal, June 5, 2023,

Timothy Noah, “The Real Reasons Why Workers Are Producing Less,” New Republic, June 6, 2023,

Lizzy McLellan Ravitch, “Workers again ponder whether their jobs are essential, as poor air quality poses risk to outdoor employees,” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 8, 2023,

Beth Saunders, “The US has a child labor problem – recalling an embarrassing past that Americans may think they’ve left behind,” Conversation, June 9, 2023,

Gillian Harvey, “The ‘work hard and you’ll get a good job’ mantra is no longer true – so what do I tell my kids?” Guardian, June 12, 2023,

Steve Bohnel, “Fitzgerald vetoes minimum wage hike bill, saying it violates county charter,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 14, 2023,

Oona Goodin-Smith, “Starbucks ordered to pay $25.6M to manager who says she was fired for being white after viral Philly arrests,” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 14, 2023,

Eric Levitz, “Larry Summers Was Wrong About Inflation,” New York, June 14, 2023,

Kate Aronoff, “The Teamsters’ Strike Has Already Claimed a Climate Win,” New Republic, June 16, 2023,

Lora Kelley, “Why It Matters Who Caused Inflation,” Atlantic, June 16, 2023,

Greg Jaffe, “Lexi Rizzo fought to unionize her Starbucks. Now she’s out of a job. Her struggle is just beginning,” Washington Post, June 17, 2023,

Madhumita Murgia and Anjli Raval, “AI in recruitment: the death knell of the CV?” Financial Times, June 18, 2023,

Emma Goldberg, “Return to Office Enters the Desperation Phase,” New York Times, June 20, 2023,

Gillian McGoldrick, “Pa. House votes to raise state minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2026,” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 20, 2023,

Ryan Deto, “Allegheny County Council overrides Fitzgerald veto, enacts county-worker minimum wage,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 20, 2023,

Charlie Wolfson, “Allegheny County Executive Fitzgerald sues to nix pay floor for county workers,” Public Source, June 28, 2023,

Sarah Chaney Cambon, “Wage Gains, Low Unemployment Keep Pressure on Fed; Hiring Cooled in June,” Wall Street Journal, July 7, 2023,

Abha Bhattarai, “Businesses are cutting workers’ hours in a warning sign for the economy,” Washington Post, July 11, 2023,

Tim Henderson, “Despite pandemic pay boost, low-wage workers still can’t afford basic needs,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, July 11, 2023,

Beth Pinsker, “150 million jobs will shift to older workers by 2031,” MarketWatch, July 17, 2023,

Danielle Abril, “Job applicants are battling AI résumé filters with a hack,” Washington Post, July 24, 2023,

Jack Shenker, “‘To them, we are like robots. The things that make us human are ground out of you’: the inside story of a strike at Amazon,” Guardian, July 29, 2023,

Michael Sainato, “Big business lobbies against heat protections for workers as US boils,” Guardian, July 31, 2023,

Harriet Torry, “Where to Find a $4-an-Hour Math Tutor With a Ph.D.? Overseas,” Wall Street Journal, August 6, 2023,

Alexandra Martinez, “Workers continue to call for a boycott a year after Amy’s Kitchen closed a major factory,” Prism, August 15, 2023,

Jack Kelly, “White-Collar Workers Face Hyperspecialization, Fewer Job Openings And Threats To Their Job Security,” Forbes, August 16, 2023,

Chris Isidore, “Teamster members ratify deal at UPS, putting strike threat to rest,” CNN, August 23, 2023,

Joe Napsha, “Pittsburgh area jobless rate hits record low, but workforce levels remain down,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 29, 2023,

Cassie Miller, “Pennsylvania sees ‘dramatic increase’ in reports of child labor law violations,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, September 5, 2023,

Kate Aronoff, “Electric Vehicles Have Become a Weapon in the War on Autoworkers,” New Republic, September 13, 2023,

Te-Ping Chen and Vanessa Fuhrmans, “The ‘Hot’ Labor Market Isn’t Helping a Certain Group of Jobseekers,” Wall Street Journal, October 7, 2023,

Annie Palmer, “Amazon’s focus on speed, surveillance drives higher warehouse worker injuries, study finds,” CNBC, October 25, 2023,

Steve Bonnel, “A court sides with Rich Fitzgerald in his fight with lawmakers over the minimum wage for county employees,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 6, 2023,

Charlie Wolfson, “Innamorato raises minimum wage for county employees, mirroring law Fitzgerald vetoed,” Pittsburgh Public Source, January 3, 2024,

Lizzy McLellan Ravitch, “22 states raised their minimum wage this week. Pennsylvania’s is still just $7.25,” Philadelphia Inquirer, January 4, 2024,

Lauren Kaori Gurley, “Millions of gig workers could qualify as employees under new Biden-era rule,” Washington Post, January 9, 2024,

Audrey Williams June, “This Is Where New Ph.D.s Find Jobs,” Chronicle of Higher Education, February 2, 2024,

Charlotte Lytton, “AI hiring tools may be filtering out the best job applicants,” British Broadcasting Corporation, February 16, 2024,

Stefan Stern, “How to save HR from itself,” Financial Times, February 26, 2024,

Steven Greenhouse, “Major US corporations threaten to return labor to ‘law of the jungle,’” Guardian, March 10, 2024,

46 thoughts on “Neoliberalism · Work

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.