Tree of Life shooter convicted on all 63 counts


White Christian nationalism

Fig. 1. If one weighs by geography rather than population, Pennsylvania is very much a white Christian nationalist kind of place. Photograph by author, January 5, 2023.

Casey Quackenbush, “The Constitutional Kamikaze,” New York, June 13, 2023,

Laura Brodie, “The disgraced Confederate history of the ‘Don’t Tread on Me’ flag,” Washington Post, June 14, 2023,

John E. Finn, “How ‘constitutional county’ declarations undermine the Constitution – a legal scholar explains,” Conversation, June 15, 2023,

Megan Guza, “‘May their memories always be a blessing’: Jewish community comes together after gunman is convicted in synagogue massacre,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 16, 2023,



Fig. 2. The spectre of Death, in the form of a large skeleton, rises with the smoke and flames of the burning Asch Building during the Triangle fire, as people jump and fall to their death. Artist unknown, from International Ladies Garment Workers Union Photographs (1885-1985) at The Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0.

Kate Aronoff, “The Teamsters’ Strike Has Already Claimed a Climate Win,” New Republic, June 16, 2023,

Lora Kelley, “Why It Matters Who Caused Inflation,” Atlantic, June 16, 2023,

Greg Jaffe, “Lexi Rizzo fought to unionize her Starbucks. Now she’s out of a job. Her struggle is just beginning,” Washington Post, June 17, 2023,



Fig. 3. Lake Erie, from Presque Isle State Park. Photograph by author, April 3, 2021.

Jamison Hixenbaugh, “Erie County Awaiting Results of FCC Broadband Access Map Challenge,” Erie News Now, June 16, 2023,

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