Imperialism · United States · Haiti


United States


Fig. 1. “US Marine Corps (USMC) Marines, Lima Company, 3rd Battalion (BN), 8th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division (Mar DIV), patrol through the Bel Air area of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, after distributing donated school supplies to students in a Port-au-Prince, Haiti, school. This effort is known as “Operation Homework,” which is part of Operation SECURE TOMORROW.” Kevin McCall, April 14, 2004, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Tim Weiner, “Haitian Ex-Paramilitary Leader Confirms C.I.A. Relationship,” New York Times, December 3, 1995,

Jonathan M. Katz, “The Clintons’ Haiti Screw-Up, As Told By Hillary’s Emails,” Politico, September 2, 2015,

Julie Hirschfeld Davis, Sheryl Gay Stolberg, and Thomas Kaplan, “Trump Alarms Lawmakers With Disparaging Words for Haiti and Africa,” New York Times, January 11, 2018,

Adam Taylor, “The history of foreign intervention in Haiti is ugly,” Washington Post, March 7, 2024,

Jon Lee Anderson, “Are Gangs About to Take Over Haiti?” New Yorker, March 13, 2024,