Investors lack confidence in a confidence game


Silicon Valley Bank, Signature Bank, and Credit Suisse, 2023

Fig. 1. “The monument sign in front of the parking lot of the Silicon Valley Bank headquarters at 3003 West Tasman Drive, Santa Clara, California.” Photograph by Minh Nguyen, March 13, 2023, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0.

Telis Demos, “Banks Are in the Grips of Investor Crisis of Confidence,” Wall Street Journal, May 7, 2023,




Fig. 1. “Destroyed Russian military vehicles located on the main street Khreshchatyk are seen as part of the celebration of the Independence Day of Ukraine in Kyiv, August 24.” Photograph by Gleb Garanich for Reuters, August 24, 2022,[1] fair use.

Matthew Luxmoore and Ann M. Simmons, “Wagner Leader Reverses Course on Plan to Withdraw From Bakhmut,” Wall Street Journal, May 7, 2023,


Right-wing militias

Police White supremacist gangs

Fig. 1. Photograph by Lorie Shaull, April 1, 2021, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.0.

Hannah Allam, “A police chief got rid of a neo-Nazi. Then came the hard part,” Washington Post, May 8, 2023,

  1. [1]Reuters, “Ukraine puts destroyed Russian tanks on display in Kyiv,” August 25, 2022,

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