Illiberalism · Gilead · Donald Trump · Coup attempt · 2022



Donald Trump
Coup attempt


Fig. 1. Donald Trump booking photograph by Fulton County (Georgia) Sheriff’s Office, August 24, 2023, via New York, August 25, 2023,[1] public domain.

Fig. 2. “Jake Angeli (Qanon Shaman), seen holding a Qanon sign at the intersection of Bell Rd and 75th Ave in Peoria, Arizona, on 2020 October 15.” Photography by TheUnseen011101 [pseud.], October 15, 2020, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Fig. 3. Department of Justice photograph of seized materials, reportedly partially redacted, via the Washington Post, August 31, 2022,[2] public domain.

Fig. 3. Original: The White House. Derivative work: J. J. Messerly, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Fig. 4. “Jake Angeli (Qanon Shaman), seen holding a Qanon sign at the intersection of Bell Rd and 75th Ave in Peoria, Arizona, on 2020 October 15.” Photography by TheUnseen011101 [pseud.], October 15, 2020, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Heidi Przybyla, “Despite rebukes, Trump’s legal brigade is thriving,” Politico, July 5, 2022,

Dan Balz, Scott Clement, and Emily Guskin, “Republicans and Democrats divided over Jan. 6 insurrection and Trump’s culpability, Post-UMD poll finds,” Washington Post, January 1, 2022,

Rachel Bade and Zack Stanton, “4 startling polls you should read about Jan. 6,” Politico, January 2, 2022,

Thomas Homer-Dixon, “The American polity is cracked, and might collapse. Canada must prepare,” Globe and Mail, January 2, 2022,

Drew Harwell, “Since Jan. 6, the pro-Trump Internet has descended into infighting over money and followers,” Washington Post, January 3, 2022,

Jacob Bacharach, “The Next Coup Attempt Will Be More Dangerous,” review of The Steal: The Attempt to Overturn the 2020 Election and the People Who Stopped It by Mark Bowden and Matthew Teague, New Republic, January 4, 2022,

Philip Bump, “What we’re talking about when we talk about civil war,” Washington Post, January 4, 2022,

Stephen Marche, “The next US civil war is already here – we just refuse to see it,” Guardian, January 4, 2022,

Bruce Hoffman, “A Year After January 6, Is Accelerationism the New Terrorist Threat?” Council on Foreign Relations, January 5, 2022,

Ashley Parker, Amy Gardner and Josh Dawsey, “How Republicans became the party of Trump’s election lie after Jan. 6,” Washington Post, January 5, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The Scariest Thing About Marjorie Taylor Greene,” Atlantic, January 6, 2022,

Daniel McCarthy, “January 6 was an alarm bell,” Spectator, January 6, 2022,

Ben Sixsmith, “The Capitol riot transformed right-wing activism in America,” Spectator, January 6, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “My Country, Right or Far Right?: January 6th and the World It Created,&rdq; Puck, January 6, 2022,

Quinta Jurecic, Andrew Kent, and Benjamin Wittes, “What Merrick Garland Said About Jan. 6,” Lawfare, January 6, 2022,

Marc Levy, “Court won’t block entire election ‘investigation’ subpoena,” WTAE, January 10, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, “Trump’s potential liability for Capitol riot faces major test in court,” Cable News Network, January 10, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, “Trump challenges riot lawsuits, says fiery speech was official act,” Reuters, January 10, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “A single district attorney in Georgia has the best case against Trump,” Washington Post, January 11, 2022,

Philip Bump, “Are you one of the 1 in 11 Americans Mike Lindell doesn’t want to arrest?” Washington Post, January 12, 2022,

John Lynch and Nathaniel Rodriguez, “My Pillow CEO says he has ‘enough evidence’ to put ‘300 million’ Americans in jail,” WFLA, January 12, 2022,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court rejects Trump’s plea to shield White House records from House inquiry,” Los Angeles Times, January 19, 2022,

John Wagner, “Georgia prosecutor requests special grand jury in probe of Trump’s efforts to overturn state’s election results,” Washington Post, January 20, 2022,

George T. Conway, III, “The Supreme Court’s order against Donald Trump is even worse for him than it appears,” Washington Post, January 21, 2022,

Jeannie Suk Gersen, “The Case Against the Oath Keepers,” New Yorker, January 21, 2022,

Felicia Sonmez, Josh Dawsey, and Jonathan O’Connell, “Supreme Court, investigators force Trump and his children on the defensive on multiple fronts,” Washington Post, January 21, 2022,

Richard Luscombe, “‘The walls are closing in’: Trump reels from week of political setbacks,” Guardian, January 23, 2022,

Amy B. Wang and John Wagner, “Georgia prosecutor granted special grand jury in probe of Trump’s efforts to overturn state’s election results,” Washington Post, January 24, 2022,

FiveThirtyEight, “Is Trump’s Hold On The GOP Still Strong?” January 26, 2022,

Alex Isenstadt, “Trump faces MAGA revolt over endorsement,” Politico, January 27, 2022,

Nick Robins-Early, “Seditious conspiracy is rarely proven. The Oath Keepers trial is a litmus test,” Guardian, January 28, 2022,

Tyler Pager, “Trump suggests that if he is reelected, he will pardon Jan. 6 Capitol rioters,” Washington Post, January 29, 2022,

Olafimihan Oshin, “Trump calls for protests if prosecutors ‘do anything illegal’ in targeting him,” Hill, January 30, 2022,

Ed Palattella, “Election libel or just free speech?” Erie Times-News, January 30, 2022,

Monique Beals, “Georgia prosecutors ask FBI for security help after Trump protest remarks: report,” Hill, January 31, 2022,

John Wagner, “Trump suggests Pence should have ‘overturned’ the election on Jan. 6,” Washington Post, January 31, 2022,

Philip Bump, “The sloppy, patchwork, spaghetti-at-the-wall effort to steal the presidency,” Washington Post, February 1, 2022,

Sam Stanton, “Judge refuses to toss charges against Northern California man in Jan. 6 Capitol riot case,” Sacramento Bee, February 2, 2022,

Ashley Parker et al., “‘He never stopped ripping things up’: Inside Trump’s relentless document destruction habits,” Washington Post, February 5, 2022,

Jacqueline Alemany et al., “National Archives had to retrieve Trump White House records from Mar-a-Lago,” Washington Post, February 7, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Trump’s incendiary Texas speech may have deepened his legal troubles, experts say,” Guardian February 7, 2022,

Michael Tomasky, “The Republican Party Can’t Be Saved,” New Republic, February 7, 2022,

Josh Dawsey and Felicia Sonmez, “‘Legitimate political discourse’: Three words about Jan. 6 spark rift among Republicans,” Washington Post, February 8, 2022,

Jonathan Weisman and Annie Karni, “McConnell Denounces R.N.C. Censure of Jan. 6 Panel Members,” New York Times, February 8, 2022,

Matt Zapotosky et al., “National Archives asks Justice Dept. to investigate Trump’s handling of White House records,” Washington Post, February 9, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Trump’s Toilet Obsession Just Took a Dark Turn,” Vanity Fair, February 10, 2022,

Farnoush Amiri, “National Archives: Trump took classified items to Mar-a-Lago,” Associated Press, February 19, 2022,

Colleen Long, “Judge rejects effort by Trump to toss Jan. 6 lawsuits,” Associated Press, February 19, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s legal problems are about to get a whole lot worse,” Washington Post, February 21, 2022,

Annie Karni and Luke Broadwater, “Ivanka Trump in Talks With Jan. 6 Panel About Being Interviewed,” New York Times, February 23, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Rudy Giuliani poised to cooperate with January 6 committee,” Guardian, February 23, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Giuliani’s legal problems deepen as ‘false electors’ scheme investigated,” Guardian, February 28, 2022,

Sarah D. Wire, “Jan. 6 committee says Trump ‘may have engaged in criminal acts’ to overturn election,” Los Angeles Times, March 2, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “The G.O.P.’s New Trump-Putin Headache,” Puck, March 7, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Proud Boys Leader Enrique Tarrio Arrested in Connection With Jan. 6 Attack,” Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2022,

Aruna Viswanatha and Alexa Corse, “First Jan. 6 Criminal Trial Leads to Conviction on All Counts,” Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Bannon’s escape plan: how the Trump strategist is trying to dodge prison,” Guardian, March 25, 2022,

Jane Mayer, “Legal Scholars Are Shocked By Ginni Thomas’s ‘Stop the Steal’ Texts,” New Yorker, March 25, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, “Judge: ‘More likely than not’ that Trump ‘corruptly attempted’ to block Congress from counting votes on January 6,” Cable News Network, March 28, 2022,

Bob Woodward and Robert Costa, “Jan. 6 White House logs given to House show 7-hour gap in Trump calls,” Washington Post, March 29, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Revealed: Trump used White House phone for call on January 6 that was not on official log,” Guardian, March 30, 2022,

Farnoush Amiri and Michael Balsamo, “Jan. 6 panel puts Garland in ‘precarious’ spot, ups pressure,” Associated Press, April 1, 2022,

Tom Jackman and Spencer S. Hsu, “Proud Boys leader admits plan to storm Capitol and will testify against others,” Washington Post, April 8, 2022,

Maggie Haberman, Alexandra Berzon, and Michael S. Schmidt, “Trump Allies Continue Legal Drive to Erase His Loss, Stoking Election Doubts,” New York Times, April 18, 2022,

Andrew Seidman, “A top GOP candidate for governor campaigned at an event promoting QAnon and conspiracy theories about 9/11,” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 27, 2022,

Carter Walker, “Audit the Vote gave us its canvassing data to check the results. It was riddled with errors,” LNP, May 8, 2022,

Rebecca Elliott, “Elon Musk Says He Would Reverse Donald Trump’s Twitter Ban,” Wall Street Journal, May 10, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Any Republicans wanna speak out now?’: Alarm after Trump shares ‘civil war’ post,” Salon, May 23, 2022,

Dana Milbank, “As Trump loses kingmaker status, he becomes more dangerous,” Washington Post, May 24, 2022,

Colby Itkowitz and David Weigel, “Kemp, Raffensperger win in blow to Trump and his false election claims,” Washington Post, May 25, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “4 takeaways from the primaries in Georgia, Texas and elsewhere,” Washington Post, May 25, 2022,

Betsy Woodruff Swan, “Hutchinson, former Meadows aide, replaces lawyer on cusp of Jan. 6 hearings,” Politico, June 9, 2022,

Jeremy Barr, “Nearly 19 million watched the first Jan. 6 hearing in prime time,” Washington Post, June 10, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “The January 6 hearing and the value of spectacle,” Columbia Journalism Review, June 10, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro and Eric Tucker, “1/6 panel: Told repeatedly he lost, Trump refused to go,” Associated Press, June 10, 2022,

Harold Meyerson, “All Roads Lead to Trump,” American Prospect, June 10, 2022,

Ken Dilanian, “Does the Justice Department want to charge Trump? Here’s what could happen,” NBC News, June 11, 2022,

Sarah D. Wire, “Stepien, Barr repeatedly told Trump that fraud claims were false,” Los Angeles Times, June 13, 2022,

Amy Gardner and Isaac Arnsdorf, “More than 100 GOP primary winners back Trump’s false fraud claims,” Washington Post, June 14, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro and Mary Clare Jalonick, “Jan. 6 panel hears: Trump ‘detached from reality’ in defeat,” Associated Press, June 14, 2022,

Peter Weber, “Lock him up? The risks and rewards of prosecuting Trump over Jan. 6,” Week, June 16, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Stunning Trump revelations raise fears of a dark, violent future,” Washington Post, June 17, 2022,

Rosalind S. Helderman, “GOP member of Jan. 6 committee warns that more violence is coming,” Washington Post, June 19, 2022,

Peter Stone, “Searing testimony increases odds of charges against Trump, experts say,” Guardian, June 19, 2022,

Bill Chappell, “Texas GOP’s new platform says Biden didn’t really win. It also calls for secession,” National Public Radio, June 20, 2022,

Jack Goldsmith, “Prosecute Trump? Put Yourself in Merrick Garland’s Shoes,” New York Times, June 20, 2022,

Dana Milbank, “Texas Republicans want to secede? Good riddance,” Washington Post, June 20, 2022,

Yvonne Wingett Sanchez, “Alone in Washington, Rusty Bowers tells world what happened in Arizona,” Washington Post, June 21, 2022,

Alex Shephard, “The Democrats Are Fools for Boosting Trumpist Republicans,” New Republic, June 21, 2022,

Amy Gardner, Josh Dawsey, and Jacqueline Alemany, “Lawmakers on Jan. 6 committee ramp up their security as threats increase,” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Josh Dawsey, and Devlin Barrett, “Jan. 6 probe expands with fresh subpoenas in multiple states,” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “A question for Garland: Do you know how it feels for POTUS to target you?” Washington Post, June 22, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “Trump’s Case of DeSantisitis,” Puck, June 23, 2022,

Ryan Nobles, Zachary Cohen and Annie Grayer, “Former Meadows aide will testify before January 6 committee on Tuesday, sources say,” Cable News Network, June 28, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “All the bombshells Cassidy Hutchinson dropped about Trump and Jan. 6,” Washington Post, June 28, 2022,

Carol D. Leonnig, “Jan. 6 showed two identities of Secret Service: Gutsy heroes vs. Trump yes-men,” Washington Post, July 2, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, “Liz Cheney Goes All In on Jan. 6 Probe as GOP Primary Looms,” Wall Street Journal, July 3, 2022,

William D. Cohan, “Will Trump Get Indicted?” Puck, July 3, 2022,

Katharine Jackson, “Senator Graham says he will not cooperate with Georgia Trump election probe,” Reuters, July 6, 2022,

Doyle McManus, “Prosecute Trump? Merrick Garland is investigating aggressively but prosecuting cautiously,” Los Angeles Times, July 10, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Nicholas Wu, “‘His own choices’: Select panel says Trump — not his advisers — set Jan. 6 in motion,” Politico, July 12, 2022,

Maggie Haberman, “Tears, Screaming and Insults: Inside an ‘Unhinged’ Meeting to Keep Trump in Power,” New York Times, July 12, 2022,

Brian Rokus and Veronica Stracqualursi, “Prominent conservatives issue report rebutting Trump election claims,” Cable News Network, July 14, 2022,

Hugo Lowell, “Secret Service’s January 6 text messages story has shifted several times, panel is told,” Guardian, July 16, 2022,

Carol D. Leonnig and Maria Sacchetti, “Secret Service cannot recover texts; no new details for Jan. 6 committee,” Washington Post, July 19, 2022,

Kim Zetter, “Is the Secret Service’s Claim About Erased Text Messages Plausible?” Zero Day, July 20, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “The January 6 committee revolutionizes democratic storytelling,” Columbia Journalism Review, July 22, 2022,

David Lauter, “Jan. 6 hearings have wounded Trump, and more decline may be ahead,” Los Angeles Times, July 22, 2022,

Lisa Mascaro, Farnoush Amiri, and Eric Tucker, “Jan. 6: Trump spurned aides’ pleas to call off Capitol mob,” Associated Press, January 22, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Devlin Barrett, and Katie Mettler, “Steve Bannon found guilty in Jan. 6 contempt of Congress trial,” Washington Post, July 22, 2022,

Richard Fausset and Danny Hakim, “On the Docket: Atlanta v. Trumpworld,” New York Times, July 23, 2022,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “What Will Come of the January 6th Committee’s Case Against Trump?” New Yorker, July 24, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “The Kids Are All MAGA,” Puck, July 27, 2022,

Jon Allsop, “Does Murdoch make the political weather or follow it? Yes,” Columbia Journalism Review, August 1, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, “Several election deniers backed by Trump prevail in hotly contested primaries,” Washington Post, August 3, 2022,

Lisa Rein, Carol D. Leonnig, and Maria Sacchetti, “Homeland Security watchdog previously accused of misleading investigators, report says,” Washington Post, August 3, 2022,

Laurence H Tribe and Dennis Aftergut, “Time is running out. The Department of Justice must indict and convict Trump,” Guardian, August 4, 2022,

Jonathan Capehart, “Liz Cheney is the Obi-Wan to Trump’s Darth Vader,” Washington Post, August 8, 2022,

Eric Tucker and Michael Balsamo, “Trump says FBI conducting search of Mar-a-Lago estate,” Associated Press, August 8, 2022,

Scott R. Anderson et al., “What We Do and Don’t Know About the FBI’s Mar-a-Lago Search,” Lawfare, August 9, 2022,

Devlin Barrett et al., “Mar-a-Lago search appears focused on whether Trump, aides withheld items,” Washington Post, August 9, 2022,

David Frum, “Stuck With Trump,” Atlantic, August 9, 2022,

Julia Ioffe, “Defund… the F.B.I.?” Puck, August 9, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Garland vowed to depoliticize Justice. Then the FBI searched Mar-a-Lago,” Washington Post, August 9, 2022,

Jan Murphy and Charles Thompson, “FBI delivers subpoenas to several Pa. Republican lawmakers: sources say,” Harrisburg Patriot-News, August 10, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “‘The DeSantasy Is Over,’” Puck, August 10, 2022,

Steve Peoples, “GOP rallies around Trump following FBI search of his estate,” Associated Press, August 10, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “What could the Mar-a-Lago search mean for Trump legally?” Washington Post, August 10, 2022,

Devlin Barrett et al., “FBI searched Trump’s home to look for nuclear documents and other items, sources say,” Washington Post, August 11, 2022,

Erik Larson, “Trump’s ‘Planted Evidence’ Claim Unlikely to Stand Up In Court,” Bloomberg, August 11, 2022,

Erin McCarthy, “Who is Rep. Scott Perry, the Trump ally from Pa. whose phone was seized by the FBI?” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 11, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “The Trump Informant Guessing Game: Knives Are Out!” Puck, August 11, 2022,

Steve Peoples, “Trump’s bond with GOP deepens after primary wins, FBI search,” Associated Press, August 11, 2022,

Andrew Solender, “Political threats spiral,” Axios, August 11, 2022,

Paul Waldman and Greg Sargent, “Merrick Garland’s surprise announcement calls the Trump-GOP bluff,” Washington Post, August 11, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Agents at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago seized 11 sets of classified documents, court filing shows,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Alex Leary, Aruna Viswanatha, and Sadie Gurman, “FBI Recovered Eleven Sets of Classified Documents in Trump Search, Inventory Shows,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Lisa Rein, “Under fire, Homeland Security watchdog delays probe — with GOP help,” Washington Post, August 12, 2022,

Betsy Woodruff Swan, Kyle Cheney, and Nicholas Wu, “FBI search warrant shows Trump under investigation for potential obstruction of justice, Espionage Act violations,” Politico, August 12, 2022,

Eric Tucker and Michael Balsamo, “Trump calls for ‘immediate’ release of Mar-a-Lago warrant,” Associated Press, August 12, 2022,

Clyde Hughes, “Rep. Greene files articles of impeachment against Attorney General Garland,” United Press International, August 13, 2022,

Arwa Mahdawi, “The Mar-a-Lago search prompts a big question: who snitched?” Guardian, August 13, 2022,

Renato Mariotti, “Espionage Isn’t the Strongest Case Against Trump. It’s Simpler Than That,” Politico, August 14, 2022,

Marcy Wheeler, “Trump's Timid (Non-Legal) Complaints about Attorney-Client Privilege,” Empty Wheel, August 14, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Merrick Garland Weighed Search of Trump’s Mar-a-Lago for Weeks,” Wall Street Journal, August 15, 2022,

Tom Hamburger and Eugene Scott, “Giuliani is target in Ga. criminal probe of 2020 election, lawyer says,” Washington Post, August 15, 2022,

Eugene Scott, “Graham must testify in Ga. probe of effort to overturn 2020 election, judge rules,” Washington Post, August 15, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf et al., “Trump is rushing to hire seasoned lawyers — but he keeps hearing ‘No,’” Washington Post, August 16, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, “Liz Cheney Concedes to Trump-Backed Challenger in Wyoming Primary,” Wall Street Journal, August 16, 2022,

Matt Ford, “Trump’s Republican Defenders Inexplicably Forgot To Expect the Worst,” New Republic, August 16, 2022,

Lauren Gambino, “Judge to consider unsealing Trump search affidavit as legal worries mount,” Guardian, August 16, 2022,

Julia Ioffe, “The C.I.A.’s Trump Deja Vu,” Puck, August 16, 2022,

David Klepper, “Trump’s angry words spur warnings of real violence,” Associated Press, August 16, 2022,

Maria Sacchetti, “Homeland Security watchdog Cuffari faces rebukes from lawmakers in missing texts case,” Washington Post, August 16, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, Josh Dawsey, and David Weigel, “Trump’s dominance in GOP comes into focus, worrying some in the party,” Washington Post, August 17, 2022,

Bess Levin, “The Complete Guide to All the Ways Donald Trump Is Legally Screwed,” Vanity Fair, August 17, 2022,

Jordan Libowitz and Lauren White, “Secret Service held onto Pelosi threat until after insurrection,” Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, August 17, 2022,

Jordan Libowitz and Sara Wiatrak, “The Secret Service knew about Jan 6 threat. They dismissed it,” Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, August 17, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The People Who Can’t Stop Making Excuses for Trump,” Atlantic, August 18, 2022,

Cat Zakrzewski, “Lawmakers demand data about online threats against law enforcement,” Washington Post, August 19, 2022,

Chris McGreal, “US political violence is surging, but talk of a civil war is exaggerated – isn’t it?” Guardian, August 20, 2022,

Amy B. Wang and Tom Hamburger, “Sen. Graham gets temporary reprieve in testifying before Ga. grand jury,” Washington Post, August 21, 2022,

Jon Swaine et al., “Files copied from voting systems were shared with Trump supporters, election deniers,” Washington Post, August 22, 2022,

Josh Dawsey et al., “FBI’s Mar-a-Lago search followed months of resistance, delay by Trump,” Washington Post, August 23, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Lawyers are giggling’: Legal experts scratch their heads at Trump’s ‘very strange’ new DOJ lawsuit,” Salon, August 23, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s risk of indictment for his document snatch just skyrocketed,” Washington Post, August 23, 2022,

Asawin Suebsaeng and Adam Rawnsley, “Trump Tells His Lawyers: Get ‘My’ Top Secret Documents Back,” Rolling Stone, August 23, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, Alex Leary, and Sadie Gurman, “Mar-a-Lago Boxes Had More Than 700 Pages of Classified Papers, National Archives Letter Says,” Wall Street Journal, August 23, 2022,

Josh Dawsey and Jacqueline Alemany, “Archives asked for records in 2021 after Trump lawyer agreed they should be returned, email says,” Washington Post, August 24, 2022,

Nathaniel Rakich, “Yes, Special Elections Really Are Signaling A Better-Than-Expected Midterm For Democrats,” FiveThirtyEight, August 24, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Justice Department ordered to release redacted Mar-a-Lago search warrant affidavit,” Cable News Network, August 25, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Perry Stein, “Mar-a-Lago affidavit says many witnesses interviewed, 184 classified files returned in January,” Washington Post, August 26, 2022,

Mariana Alfaro and Eugene Scott, “Judge’s openness to special master for Mar-a-Lago documents raises new questions in criminal probe,” Washington Post, August 29, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Trump’s Mar-a-Lago documents already examined by FBI, Justice Dept. tells judge,” Washington Post, August 29, 2022,

Alex Griffing, “Drudge Puts Trump in an Orange Jumpsuit as Site Monitors His Potential Indictment,” Mediaite, August 29, 2022,

William Rivers Pitt, “An Enron-Inspired Law May Be a Sharper Legal Threat to Trump Than Espionage Act,” Truthout, August 30, 2022,

Austin Sarat and Dennis Aftergut, “Americans are starting to get it: we can’t let Trump – or Trumpism – back in office,” Guardian, August 30, 2022,

Ishaan Tharoor, “The debate over American fascism gets louder,” Washington Post, August 30, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. says Trump team may have hidden, moved classified papers,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,

Perry Stein et al., “Justice filing points to new legal trouble for Trump and lawyers, experts say,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Former GOP Justice lawyers: Trump’s in a heap of trouble,” Washington Post, September 1, 2022,

Amber Phillips, “Takeaways from Biden’s warnings about Republican threats to democracy,” Washington Post, September 1, 2022,

Philip Bump, “Figuring out how many ‘MAGA Republicans’ there actually are,” Washington Post, September 2, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “MAGA Republicans are seething with rage because Biden hit his target,” Washington Post, September 2, 2022,

Eric Tucker, “Trump search inventory released, reveals new details on docs,” Associated Press, September 2, 2022,

Andrew Kaczynski and Samantha Woodward, “Donald Trump has repeatedly called for lengthy jail sentences for those who he claimed mishandled classified information,” Cable News Network, September 3, 2022,

David Frum, “Biden Laid the Trap. Trump Walked Into It,” Atlantic, September 4, 2022,

Lauren Gambino and David Smith, “Could unexpected Democratic gains foil a midterm Republican victory?” Guardian, September 5, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “As Midterms Near, Election Rule Raises Dilemma for Trump Inquiries,” New York Times, September 4, 2022,

Jess Bravin and Aruna Viswanatha, “Judge Grants Donald Trump’s Request for Independent Review of Mar-a-Lago Documents,” Wall Street Journal, September 5, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “‘Deeply Problematic’: Experts Question Judge’s Intervention in Trump Inquiry,” New York Times, September 5, 2022,

Eric Tucker, “Judge grants Trump bid for special master in Mar-a-Lago case,” Los Angeles Times, September 5, 2022,

Ann E. Marimow and Devlin Barrett, “Judge’s special-master order a test of Trump’s post-White House powers,” Washington Post, September 6, 2022,

J. Oliver Conroy, “Why did a judge grant Trump’s request for a ‘special master’?” Guardian, September 7, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “Sarah Palin Could Be a Harbinger,” Atlantic, September 8, 2022,

Perry Stein and Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. seeks to regain access to classified Mar-a-Lago documents,” Washington Post, September 8, 2022,

Alan Feuer et al., “Trump’s Post-Election Fund-Raising Comes Under Scrutiny by Justice Dept.,” New York Times, September 9, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Perry Stein, “Justice Dept. says it would accept Trump’s candidate for special master,” Washington Post, September 12, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Trump faces a new threat: Scrutiny of ‘stop the steal’ money scam,” Washington Post, September 13, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “Trump’s legal problems multiply as his excuses disappear,” Washington Post, September 14, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Judge appoints special master, rejects DOJ bid to delay Mar-a-Lago ruling,” Politico, September 15, 2022,

Sadie Gurman and Aruna Viswanatha, “Justice Department Appeals Parts of Judge’s Ruling on Documents Seized at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago,” Wall Street Journal, September 16, 2022,

Jennifer Rubin, “If Garland sincerely believes in the rule of law, Trump is in deep trouble,” Washington Post, September 19, 2022,

Josh Gerstein and Kyle Cheney, “Special master to Trump’s lawyers: ‘You can’t have your cake and eat it,’” Politico, September 20, 2022,

Perry Stein, Devlin Barrett, and Shayna Jacobs, “Special master prods Trump lawyers: ‘You can’t have your cake and eat it,’” Washington Post, September 20, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Trump’s Lawyers are Already Bickering With the Special Master, Whom They Picked,” Truthout, September 20, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Appeals court sides with Justice Department in Mar-a-Lago case,” Washington Post, September 21, 2022,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Trump suffers setback as appeals panel rejects Cannon ruling,” Politico, September 21, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “‘DeSantasy’ Revisited,” Puck, September 21, 2022,

Richard Nixon [Justin Sherrin], “That is, if I were a Judge and was overturned in this manner, I would find it hard to leave the house” Twitter, September 21, 2022,

Julian Mark, “Trump says presidents can declassify docs ‘even by thinking about it,’” Washington Post, September 22, 2022,

David Smith, “‘He’s done’: how Donald Trump’s legal woes have just gotten a lot worse,” Guardian, September 22, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Dearie asks Trump lawyers whether they believe FBI lied about seized documents,” Washington Post, September 22, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf, “How a QAnon splinter group became a feature of Trump rallies,” Washington Post, September 26, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Judge rules Trump lawyers don’t have to clarify Mar-a-Lago document claims,” Washington Post, September 29, 2022,

Siobhan Hughes, “National Archives Says Some Trump Administration Records Are Still Missing,” Wall Street Journal, October 1, 2022,

David Smith, “Republicans’ lawless leaders at odds with midterm law and order message,” Guardian, October 3, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Trump goes to Supreme Court over Mar-a-Lago search and seizure of documents,” Cable News Network, October 4, 2022,

Kaitlan Collins, “Justice Department insists to Trump’s attorneys that he return all documents marked classified,” Cable News Network, October 6, 2022,

Michael S. Schmidt, Maggie Haberman, and Katie Benner, “Justice Dept. Is Said to Believe Trump Has More Documents,” New York Times, October 6, 2022,

Areeba Shah, “Legal experts: Russia link to Trump documents means it’s a matter of ‘when, not if’ he is indicted,” Salon, October 11, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Trump worker told FBI about moving Mar-a-Lago boxes on ex-president’s orders,” Washington Post, October 12, 2022,

Robert Barnes and Perry Stein, “Supreme Court rejects Trump request on Mar-a-Lago documents,” Washington Post, October 13, 2022,

Ariane de Vogue and Katelyn Polantz, “Supreme Court rejects former President Donald Trump’s request to intervene in Mar-a-Lago documents fight,” Cable News Network, October 13, 2022,

Ashley Parker, “Jan. 6 hearing shows Trump knew he lost — even while claiming otherwise,” Washington Post, October 14, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Justice Dept. asks appeals court to end Mar-a-Lago special master,” Washington Post, October 14, 2022,

Chauncey DeVega, “‘They are going to convict very quickly’: Glenn Kirschner on the trial of Donald J. Trump,” Salon, October 17, 2022,

Charlie Savage, “U.S. Asks Court to End Special Master Review of Files Seized From Trump,” New York Times, October 17, 2022,

Zoe Tillman, “Trump Special Master Has ‘No Patience’ for Records Spats,” MarketWatch, October 18, 2022,

Chris Strohm, “DOJ prosecutors say there’s sufficient evidence to charge Trump with obstruction of justice: report,” MarketWatch, October 19, 2022,

Lindsay Whitehurst, “Testimony: Oath Keepers Ready to Use ‘Any Means Necessary,’”, October 19, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Report: DOJ Prosecutors Say There’s Enough Evidence to Prosecute Trump,” Truthout, October 20, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, “Mar-a-Lago classified papers held U.S. secrets about Iran and China,” Washington Post, October 21, 2022,

Chris Brennan, “Doug Mastriano will flirt again with the QAnon crowd as another election approaches,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 21, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu and Rachel Weiner, “Steve Bannon sentenced to 4 months in prison for contempt of Congress in Jan. 6 probe,” Washington Post, October 21, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “Trump ’24 Foreplay,” Puck, October 27, 2022,

Devlin Barrett, Perry Stein, and Josh Dawsey, “Top national security prosecutor joins Trump Mar-a-Lago investigation,” Washington Post, October 28, 2022,

Tom Jackman, “U.S. Capitol Police officer convicted of obstructing Jan. 6 probe,” Washington Post, October 28, 2022,

Robert Barnes and Tom Hamburger, “Supreme Court clears way for Sen. Graham to testify in Ga. election probe,” Washington Post, November 1, 2022,

Evan Perez, Katelyn Polantz, and Jeremy Herb, “DOJ mulling potential special counsel if Trump runs in 2024,” Cable News Network, November 4, 2022,

Chris Walker, “DOJ Considering Special Counsel for Trump Cases in Event He Runs for President,” Truthout, November 4, 2022,

Reuters, “Russia’s Prigozhin admits interfering in U.S. elections,” November 7, 2022,

Jan Wolfe, “Oath Keeper Stewart Rhodes Says Members Were ‘Stupid’ to Enter Capitol on Jan. 6,” Wall Street Journal, November 7, 2022,

Natalie Andrews, Siobhan Hughes, and Lindsay Wise, “Frustrated Republicans Try to Explain Lack of Midterm ‘Red Wave,’” Wall Street Journal, November 9, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf and Josh Dawsey, “One likely 2024 GOP contender triumphed on election night. It wasn’t Donald Trump,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Dan Balz, “The vaunted red wave never hit the shore in midterm elections,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Jonathan Freedland, “The winner of the midterms is not yet clear – but the loser is Donald Trump,” Guardian, November 9, 2022,

David Lauter, “The midterm’s big loser: Trump suffers multiple defeats,” Los Angeles Times, November 9, 2022,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, “Group explains polling place security teams that led to response by Allegheny County sheriff’s deputies,” November 9, 2022,

Brian Slodysko, “Election takeaways: No sweep for the Republicans after all,” Associated Press, November 9, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Rupert Murdoch Knees Trump in the Balls While He’s Doubled Over Coughing Up Blood,” Vanity Fair, November 10, 2022,

Jonathan Tamari and William Bender, “‘It’s time for him to retire’: Some Pa. Republicans want to push Trump aside after their election losses,” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 10, 2022,

Adam Taylor, “Is the world ready for President DeSantis and a Floridian foreign policy?” Washington Post, November 10, 2022,

Chris Walker, “Trump Is Blaming Everyone But Himself for Midterm Losses — Including His Wife,” Truthout, November 10, 2022,

Liz Goodwin, “A red wave of criticism crashes into Donald Trump after midterm losses,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz, Sara Murray, and Gabby Orr, “Trump sues January 6 committee seeking to block subpoena for his testimony and documents,” Cable News Network, November 11, 2022,

Melanie Mason, “Arizona Sen. Mark Kelly fends off GOP challenger Blake Masters,” Los Angeles Times, November 11, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Republicans want Trump to take the blame. Good luck with that,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Marianna Sotomayor et al., “Congressional Republicans panic as they watch their lead dwindle,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Amy Gardner, Reis Thebault, and Robert Klemko, “Election deniers lose races for key state offices in every 2020 battleground,” Washington Post, November 13, 2022,

Richard M. Nixon [Justin Sherin], “The Field Takes Shape,&rdqo; Patreon, November 13, 2022,

Nicholas Riccardi and Ken Ritter, “Cortez Masto wins in Nevada, giving Democrats Senate control,” Associated Press, November 13, 2022,

Devlin Barrett and Josh Dawsey, “Investigators see ego, not money, as Trump’s motive on classified papers,” Washington Post, November 14, 2022,

Isaac Arnsdorf, “Trump, who as president fomented an insurrection, says he is running again,” Washington Post, November 15, 2022,

Jonathan J. Cooper, “Hobbs wins Arizona governor’s race, flipping state for Dems,” Associated Press, November 15, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, Marianna Sotomayor, and Colby Itkowitz, “Republicans narrowly win House, ending full Democratic control of Congress,” Washington Post, November 16, 2022,

Bryan Pietsch and Amy B. Wang, “Rep. Lauren Boebert race too close to call, with margin inside recount threshold,” Washington Post, November 17, 2022,

Kaleigh Rogers, “Why Lauren Boebert’s Race Is So Close,” FiveThirtyEight, November 17, 2022,

Katy Stech Ferek, “Adam Frisch Concedes to Lauren Boebert in Colorado House Race,” Wall Street Journal, November 18, 2022,

Aruna Viswanatha and Sadie Gurman, “Jack Smith Named Special Counsel to Lead DOJ Probes of Donald Trump,” Wall Street Journal, November 18, 2022,

Liz Moyer, “Elon Musk Reinstates Trump on Twitter. Trump Shrugs,” Barron’s, November 20, 2022,

Kelly Rissman, “Donald Trump’s Twitter Account Has Been Reactivated But Will He Return?” Vanity Fair, November 20, 2022,

Vlad Savov, “Musk Welcomes Ye Back to Twitter After Inviting Trump’s Return,” Bloomberg, November 20, 2022,

Ronald Brownstein, “Why fewer states than ever could pick the next president,” Cable News Network, November 22, 2022,

Charlie Savage and Alan Feuer, “Court Appears Ready to End Special Master Review in Trump Files Inquiry,” New York Times, November 22, 2022,

Igor Derysh, “‘Goodbye Cannon’: Experts say judge’s controversial pro-Trump order doomed after ‘hostile’ hearing,” Salon, November 23, 2022,

James Risen, “I Experienced Jack Smith’s Zeal Firsthand. Will Trump Get the Same Treatment?” Intercept, November 23, 2022,

Zach Schonfeld, “Kanye West says he asked Trump to be his 2024 running mate,” Hill, November 25, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu, Tom Jackman, and Rachel Weiner, “Oath Keepers founder Stewart Rhodes guilty of Jan. 6 seditious conspiracy,” Washington Post, November 29, 2022,

Tina Nguyen, “Has Trump Already Lost ’24?” Puck, November 30, 2022,

Tierney Sneed, “Appeals court halts special master review of documents seized at Mar-a-Lago in major defeat for Trump,” Cable News Network, December 1, 2022,

Kristen Holmes, “Trump expresses support for Capitol rioters as he continues to embrace extremist groups,” Cable News Network, December 2, 2022,

Bess Levin, “Donald Trump, Running for President in 2024, Defends Violent Mob That Broke Into the Capitol Over His 2020 Loss,” Vanity Fair, December 2, 2022,

Karoun Demirjian and Toluse Olorunnipa, “White House rebukes Trump’s suggestion to suspend Constitution over 2020 election,” Washington Post, December 3, 2022,

Kristen Holmes, “Trump calls for the termination of the Constitution in Truth Social post,” Cable News Network, December 4, 2022,

Ruth Marcus, “Trump’s call for suspending the Constitution is too dangerous to ignore,” Washington Post, December 4, 2022,

Martin Pengelly, “Biden rebukes Trump for saying constitution should be ‘terminated’” Guardian, December 4, 2022,

Amy B. Wang, “GOP lawmakers largely silent after Trump suggests ‘termination’ of Constitution,” Washington Post, December 4, 2022,

Caleb Ecarma, “Republicans Apparently Have No Red Line With Trump—Not Even His Desire to Terminate the Constitution,” Vanity Fair, December 5, 2022,

Jeremy Roebuck, “Rudy Giuliani doubles down on false Pennsylvania election fraud claims in disciplinary hearing,” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 5, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “4 takeaways from the Georgia Senate runoff,” Washington Post, December 6, 2022,

Sara Murray, Annie Grayer, and Zachary Cohen, “House January 6 committee has decided to make criminal referrals, chairman says,” Cable News Network, December 6, 2022,

Jenny Jarvie, “Warnock defeats Walker in Georgia runoff, giving Democrats a 51-seat Senate majority,” Los Angeles Times, December 6, 2022,

David Von Drehle, “The tragedy of Herschel Walker,” Washington Post, December 6, 2022,

Jacqueline Alemany et al., “Items with classified markings found at Trump storage unit in Florida,” Washington Post, December 7, 2022,

Lloyd Green, “Georgia’s runoff was a resounding rebuke of Trumpism. Will Republicans hear it?” Guardian, December 7, 2022,

Debra Cassens Weiss, “3 conservative SCOTUS justices appear to seek middle ground on ‘independent state legislature’ theory,” American Bar Association Journal, December 7, 2022,

Spencer S. Hsu et al., “Justice Department asks judge to hold Trump team in contempt over Mar-a-Lago case,” Washington Post, December 8, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “The politics of Kyrsten Sinema’s party switch,” Washington Post, December 9, 2022,

Burgess Everett, “Sinema switches to independent, shaking up the Senate,” Politico, December 9, 2022,

David A. Graham, “Kyrsten Sinema Is Going to Be a Perpetual Pain for Democrats,” Atlantic, December 9, 2022,

Jacob Magid, “Trump berates disloyal US ‘Jewish leaders,’ ignoring calls to condemn Kanye, Fuentes,” Times of Israel, December 9, 2022,

Chris McGreal, “Is Dominion’s $1.6bn defamation lawsuit a death blow for Murdoch and Fox News?” Guardian, December 11, 2022,

Philip Bump, “The GOP has created a safe space for musing about violent rebellion,” Washington Post, October 12, 2022,

Eugene Scott, “White House condemns Greene over claim she would have ‘won’ Jan. 6 insurrection,” Washington Post, December 12, 2022,

Katelyn Polantz and Tierney Sneed, “Judge formally dismisses Trump’s case for a Mar-a-Lago special master,” Cable News Network, December 12, 2022,

Chris Walker, “DOJ Is ‘On a Path to Charge’ Trump, Former U.S. Attorney Says,” Truthout, December 12, 2022,

Shan Wu, “Trump’s Special Master Suit Is Dead—Now the Real Case Begins,” Daily Beast, December 12, 2022,

Erin Doherty, “Two new polls reveal Trump’s growing DeSantis problem,” Axios, December 14, 2022,

John McCormick, “Ron DeSantis Holds Early Lead Over Donald Trump Among GOP Primary Voters, WSJ Poll Shows,” Wall Street Journal, December 14, 2022,

Eric Lutz, “Lawmakers Could Actually Safeguard Against Another January 6 — Will They Do It?” Vanity Fair, December 15, 2022,

David French, “How Much Longer Can Trump’s Con Endure?” Atlantic, December 16, 2022,

Jamie Gangel and Katelyn Polantz, “January 6 committee expected to announce referral of multiple criminal charges against Trump to DOJ,” Cable News Network, December 16, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “7 things we’ve learned from the Jan. 6 committee report so far,” Washington Post, December 19, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Past cases with classified papers show legal risk for Trump, experts say,” Washington Post, December 22, 2022,

Adam Goldman and Alan Feuer, “Republicans Step Up Attacks on F.B.I. as It Investigates Trump,” New York Times, December 29, 2022,

Rachel Weiner and Peter Hermann, “D.C. mayor: Feds failed on Jan. 6 by thinking far-right was ‘friendly,’” Washington Post, December 29, 2022,

Jim Rutenberg, Ken Bensinger, and Steve Eder, “The ‘Red Wave’ Washout: How Skewed Polls Fed a False Election Narrative,” New York Times, December 31, 2022,


  1. [1]Margaret Hartmann and Nia Prater, “All the Mug Shots of Donald Trump and His Alleged Co-Conspirators,” New York, August 25, 2023,
  2. [2]Devlin Barrett, “Justice Dept. says Trump team may have hidden, moved classified papers,” Washington Post, August 31, 2022,