Neoliberalism · Academic repression · Student loans


Academic repression

Student loans

Fig. 1. Unattributed and undated image via James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal,[1] fair use.

Steven Johnson, “‘No Exceptions, No Questions Asked’: Progressives Propose Legislation Canceling All Student-Loan Debt,” Chronicle of Higher Education, June 24, 2019,

AnnaMaria Andriotis, Ken Brown, and Shane Shifflett, “Families Go Deep in Debt to Stay in the Middle Class,” Wall Street Journal, August 1, 2019,

Richard K. Vedder, “Eliminate or Radically Restructure Federal Student Loans,” James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, September 16, 2020,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Federal judge holds DeVos in contempt in loan case, slaps Education Department with $100,000 fine,” Washington Post, October 24, 2019,

Josh Mitchell and Joshua Jamerson, “Student-Loan Holders Get Piecemeal Relief From Biden Administration,” Wall Street Journal, July 3, 2021,

Eric Kelderman, “The Plan to Resume Federal Student-Loan Repayments in October Just Hit an Obstacle,” Chronicle of Higher Education, July 8, 2021,

Melissa Korn and Andrea Fuller, “‘Financially Hobbled for Life’: The Elite Master’s Degrees That Don’t Pay Off,” Wall Street Journal, July 8, 2021,

Alexis Gravely, “Major Student Loan Servicer Leaving Federal Loan Program,” Inside Higher Ed, July 9, 2021,

Michael Stratford, “Education Department urges Biden to extend student loan relief,” Politico, July 9, 2021,

Lance Lambert, “Biden administration wipes out more student loan debt,” Forbes, July 12, 2021,

Robert Hildreth, “The time is right to restructure student debt,” Hill, August 1, 2021,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Biden administration extends pause on federal student loan payments through January,” Washington Post, August 6, 2021,

Wall Street Journal, “Student Loan Forbearance—Forever?” August 8, 2021,

Charles Lane, “We need to solve the graduate-student loan fiasco with reform, not implement temporary solutions,” Washington Post, August 10, 2021,

Allison Schrager, “To Curb Student Debt, Let Borrowers Declare Bankruptcy,” Bloomberg, August 12, 2021,

Elizabeth Tandy Shermer, “Fixing the Student-Debt Crisis Isn’t Enough,” Chronicle of Higher Education, August 16, 2021,

Lance Lambert, “Biden administration forgives more student loan debt—here’s who is eligible,” Fortune, August 24, 2021,

Douglas Belkin, “U.S. Forgives $1.1 Billion in Debt for Former ITT Tech Students,” Wall Street Journal, August 26, 2021,

Katie Lobosco, “Navient is quitting the federal student loan business,” CNN, September 30, 2021,

Alexis Gravely, “The Struggles of Income-Driven Repayment,” Inside Higher Ed, October 22, 2021,

Molly Osberg, “Who Gets to Be an Expert on Student Loans?” New Republic, January 24, 2022,

Michael Stratford, “Biden officials signal they might extend student loan payment freeze,” Politico, March 9, 2022,

Gabriel T. Rubin and Andrew Restuccia, “Biden Administration to Extend Student-Loan Payment Pause Through End of August,” Wall Street Journal, April 5, 2022,

David Dayen to Today on TAP list, “ You Could Just Never Resume Student Loan Payments,” American Prospect, April 6, 2022,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel and Andrew Van Dam, “Biden extends federal student loan payment pause through Aug. 31,” Washington Post, April 6, 2022,

Sequoia Carrillo and Cory Turner, “Senators call for probe into student loan program after NPR unearthed major problems,” National Public Radio, April 14, 2022,

Justin Sink, “Biden Weighing Student Loan Cancellation or Moratorium Extension,” Bloomberg, April 15, 2022,

Zack Friedman, “Biden Will Cancel Student Loans Or Extend Student Loan Pause Before August 31,” Forbes, April 16, 2022,

Gabriel T. Rubin, “Biden Aims to Expand Access to Student-Loan Debt Forgiveness for Millions of People,” Wall Street Journal, April 19, 2022,

Jeff Stein, “White House officials weigh income limits for student loan forgiveness,” Washington Post, April 30, 2022,

Lee Gardner, “Why Does College Cost So Much?” Chronicle of Higher Education, May 16, 2022,

Alyssa Fowers and Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Who has student loan debt in America?” Washington Post, May 22, 2022,

Nancy Cook, Josh Wingrove, and Jennifer Jacobs, “Biden Unveils Plan to Free Students from ‘Unsustainable Debt,’” Bloomberg, August 24, 2022,

Phil Mattingly, Katie Lobosco and Maegan Vazquez, “Biden announces student loan relief for borrowers making less than $125,000,” CNN, August 24, 2022,

Lystra Small-Clouden, “I’m 65 and have $300,000 in student debt. I and other older debtors are going on strike,” Guardian, August 25, 2022,

Associated Press, “Justice Barrett rejects appeal over Biden student debt plan,” October 20, 2022,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Judge dismisses GOP-led states lawsuit to block student loan forgiveness plan,” Washington Post, October 20, 2022,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Appeals court temporarily halts Biden’s student debt relief program,” Washington Post, October 21, 2022,

Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Federal judge in Texas strikes down Biden’s student loan forgiveness plan,” Washington Post, November 10, 2022,

ButHowDoUKnowit [pseud.], “It seems reasonable to me that their position is an opposition to the EO, on constitutionality . . .” Twitter, November 11, 2022,

Laurence Tribe, “This judge absurdly let the plaintiffs complain . . .” Twitter, November 11, 2022,

Gabriel T. Rubin, “Biden Administration to Make It Easier to Dismiss Student Loans in Bankruptcy,” Wall Street Journal, November 17, 2022,

Gabriel T. Rubin, “Student-Loan Holders See New Path for Wiping Out Debt Through Bankruptcy,” Wall Street Journal, November 21, 2022,

Andrew Restuccia, “Biden Administration Extends Pause on Federal Student Loan Payments,” Wall Street Journal, November 22, 2022,

Gabriel T. Rubin, “Biden Administration Plans to Ease Rules for Income-Based Student-Loan Forgiveness,” Wall Street Journal, January 10, 2023,

Casey Bond, “8 Key Student Loan Dates to Put on Your Calendar,” Kansas City Star, February 16, 2023,

George Miller, “Can Biden legally cancel student debt? There’s no question,” Washington Post, February 22, 2023,

Jimmy Hoover,“Up Next At High Court: Biden’s Debt Plan In Crosshairs,” Law360, February 24, 2023,

Robert Barnes and Danielle Douglas-Gabriel, “Biden’s student loan forgiveness program comes before Supreme Court,” Washington Post, February 26, 2023,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court casts more doubt on Biden’s plan to forgive student loans,” Los Angeles Times, February 28, 2023,

Jennifer Taub, “Friday Fiascos: Supreme Court (In)Justices,” Follow the Money with Jen Taub, March 3, 2023,

John Harwood, “will the same people who oppose student debt relief . . .” Twitter, March 11, 2023,

Ann Carrns, “A New Federal Student Loan Program Will Move Millions Toward Forgiveness,” New York Times, March 17, 2023,

Adam S. Minsky, “Education Department Issues Sweeping New Student Loan Forgiveness Guidance For One-Time Adjustment,” Forbes, April 19, 2023,

Erum Salam, “US states opposing student loan forgiveness made false claims, files reveal,” Guardian, May 2, 2023,

Adam S. Minsky, “Student Loan Forgiveness Update: What Biden’s Latest Move Means For Borrowers,” Forbes, June 8, 2023,

Adam S. Minsky, “Did The Supreme Court Just Drop A Hint On Upcoming Student Loan Forgiveness Case?” Forbes, June 15, 2023,

Michael Stratford, “Biden admin finalizes student debt ‘safety net’ as repayment looms,” Politico, June 29, 2023,

Jillian Berman, “Supreme Court knocks down Biden’s student-debt forgiveness plan,” MarketWatch, June 30, 2023,

Andrew Restuccia, “Biden to Try Again to Cancel Student Loan Debt,” Wall Street Journal, June 30, 2023,

Katie Lobosco, “How Biden’s SAVE student loan repayment plan can lower your bill,” CNN, July 12, 2023,

Sally Bronston, “Education Department announces student loan forgiveness for 800,000 borrowers,” NBC News, July 14, 2023,

Sam Fossum, “Biden administration announces $39 billion in student debt relief following administrative fixes,” CNN, July 14, 2023,

Taru Taylor, “Biden’s Unconstitutional ‘Bankruptcy Abuse’ Act Makes Peons of Student Debtors,” Truthout, July 15, 2023,

Ryan Cooper, “President Biden’s Most Powerful Student Loan Tool,” American Prospect, July 17, 2023,

John Brooks, Brian Galle, and Adam Levitin, “The solution to Biden’s student loan problems is right before his eyes,” Washington Post, July 18, 2023,

Melissa Korn, Andrea Fuller, and Jennifer S. Forsyth, “Colleges Spend Like There’s No Tomorrow. ‘These Places Are Just Devouring Money,’” Wall Street Journal, August 10, 2023,

Lexi Lonas, “Biden admin launches new income-driven student loan repayment program,” Hill, August 22, 2023,

Charlotte Matherly, “Here’s How the Government Plans to Crack Down on Colleges’ Ineffective Career Programs,” Chronicle of Higher Education, September 27, 2023,

Andrew Duehren and Alana Pipe, “The Federal Deficit Is Even Bigger Than It Looks,” Wall Street Journal, October 12, 2023,

Michael Stratford, “White House details draft plans for next student debt relief plan,” Politico, October 30, 2023,

Adam S. Minsky, “Biden Approves $5 Billion In Student Loan Forgiveness For 80,000 As Key Deadline Nears,” Forbes, December 6, 2023,

Megan Tomasic, “Biden administration to forgive $1.2 billion in student loan debt, impacting 153,000 borrowers,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 21, 2024,

Zolan Kanno-Youngs, “Biden Chips Away at Student Loan Debt, Bit by Bit, Amid High Expectations,” New York Times, February 21, 2024,

David Dayen, “Congress Poised to Prevent One Form of Student Debt Relief,” American Prospect, April 5, 2024,

Andrew Restuccia, “Biden to Make Second Attempt at Large-Scale Student Loan Forgiveness,” Wall Street Journal, April 5, 2024,

  1. [1]Richard K. Vedder, “Eliminate or Radically Restructure Federal Student Loans,” James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, September 16, 2020,

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