Illiberalism · Gilead · Abortion, reproductive freedom and health



Abortion, reproductive freedom and health

Fig. 1. Sign at demonstration in front of the U.S. Supreme Court, May 3, 2022. Janni Rye, via Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.

See also:

Dylan Matthews, “Merrick Garland’s probably doomed, strategically interesting nomination, explained,” Vox, March 16, 2016,

Lisa Mascaro and David G. Savage, “Senate confirms Neil Gorsuch, Trump’s Supreme Court nominee,” Los Angeles Times, April 7, 2017,

Monica Hesse, “Abortion bans have some women preparing for the worst. It involves ‘auntie networks,’” Washington Post, May 6, 2019,

Matthew Choi, “McConnell: Republicans would confirm a justice during 2020 election,” Politico, May 28, 2019,

Natasha Frost, “Should women go on a sex strike over Republican abortion laws? Feminists are divided,” Quartz, May 12, 2019,

Erika Edwards, “States pushing abortion bans have higher infant mortality rates,” NBC News, May 24, 2019,

Karen Tumulty, “On abortion, Biden shows he is out of step with his party,” Washington Post, June 5, 2019,

Jake Sherman, Anna Palmer, and Daniel Lippman, “Guess who else voted against federal funding for abortion?” Politico, June 6, 2021,

Peter Wade, “Legislators in Ohio and Pennsylvania Are Proposing Incredibly Restrictive Anti-Abortion Legislation,” Rolling Stone, November 30, 2019,

Jeff Diamant and Aleksandra Sandstrom, “Do state laws on abortion reflect public opinion?” Pew Research Center, January 21, 2020,

Robert Barnes, “Supreme Court strikes down restrictive Louisiana abortion law that would have closed clinics,” Washington Post, June 29, 2020,

Marianne Levine, “Josh Hawley warns Trump on Supreme Court disappointments,” Politico, June 27, 2020,

Rod Dreher, “Abortion Forever,” American Conservative, June 29, 2020,

Robert Barnes and Michael A. Fletcher, “Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Supreme Court justice and legal pioneer for gender equality, dies at 87,” Washington Post, September 18, 2020,

Clare Foran, Manu Raju, and Ted Barrett, “McConnell vows Trump’s nominee to replace Ginsburg will get Senate vote, setting up historic fight,” Cable News Network, September 19, 2020,

Nicky Robertson, “Pelosi says she will not leverage government shutdown to avoid Senate vote on court seat,” Cable News Network, September 20, 2020,

Paul Kane and Rachael Bade, “Democrats largely powerless to stop GOP from confirming Trump’s court choice,” Washington Post, September 21, 2020,

Russell Wheeler, “McConnell’s fabricated history to justify a 2020 Supreme Court vote,” Brookings, September 24, 2020,

Anne Gearan, Seung Min Kim, and Josh Dawsey, “Trump announces Judge Amy Coney Barrett is his pick for the Supreme Court,” Washington Post, September 26, 2020,

Russell Berman, “Suddenly, Amy Coney Barrett Might Not Have the Votes,” Atlantic, October 3, 2020,

Mary Clare Jalonick, “Virus spreads on panel handling Supreme Court nomination,” Associated Press, October 3, 2020,

Maanvi Singh, “Kamala Harris grilling prompts doubtful claim from Amy Coney Barrett,” Guardian, October 13, 2020,

Kery Murakami, “Not Everyone at Notre Dame Supports Barrett,” Inside Higher Ed, October 14, 2020,

Seung Min Kim, “Senate confirms Barrett to Supreme Court, cementing its conservative majority,” Washington Post, October 26, 2020,

Ed Kilgore, “Is Roe v. Wade Now Doomed?” New York, May 17, 2021,

Nia Prater, “Supreme Court to Hear Case That Threatens Roe v. Wade,” New York, May 17, 2021,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court agrees to hear major abortion case challenging Roe vs. Wade,” Los Angeles Times, May 17, 2021,

Molly Jong-Fast, “The Anti–Birth Control Movement Is the New Anti-Abortion Movement,” Vogue, July 1, 2021,

Adam Liptak, “Mississippi asks the Supreme Court to overrule Roe v. Wade,” New York Times, July 22, 2021,

Ariane de Vogue, “Mississippi asks US Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade,” Cable News Network, July 22, 2021,

Sarah Jones, “Texas Is What a Real Mob Looks Like,” New York, September 1, 2021,

Robert Barnes et al., “Supreme Court refuses to block Texas law banning abortions at six weeks,” Washington Post, September 2, 2021,

Daniela Santamariña, “What abortion policy would look like in the U.S. if Roe v. Wade fell,” Washington Post, September 2, 2021,

Felicia Sonmez, “Sen. Collins repeatedly asserted that Kavanaugh considered abortion rights settled law. The justice’s decision on Texas’s restrictive law suggests otherwise,” Washington Post, September 2, 2021,

Amelia Thomson-DeVeaux, “Why Texas’s Abortion Law May Go Too Far For Most Americans,” FiveThirtyEight, September 2, 2021,

Kathleen Parker, “The Supreme Court rides to Biden’s rescue,” Washington Post, September 3, 2021,

Associated Press, “Lyft, Uber lash out at legal threat from strict Texas abortion law,” Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, September 4, 2021,

Chantal Da Silva, “Texas judge grants restraining order against anti-abortion group, temporarily preventing lawsuits,” NBC News, September 4, 2021,

Caroline Anders, “Texans seeking abortions have options — but they’re very limited,” Lily, September 5, 2021,

Sadie Gurman and Eliza Collins, “Justice Department Looks for Ways to Challenge Texas Abortion Law,” Wall Street Journal, September 6, 2021,

Devlin Barrett and Ann E. Marimow, “Justice Department sues Texas to block six-week abortion ban,” Washington Post, September 9, 2021,

Charlie Mitchell, “Texas abortion ban: Salesforce helps staff leave state,” Times, September 13, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow, “Texas doctor who violated state’s abortion ban is sued, launching test of constitutionality,” Washington Post, September 20, 2021,

Moira Donegan, “Two disbarred lawyers sued a Texas doctor who performed an abortion. Flustered ‘pro-lifers’ are backpedaling,” Guardian, September 26, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow and Robert Barnes, “Texas defends law that has halted most abortions in the state,” Washington Post, September 29, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow, “A federal judge presses Texas on ‘very unusual’ abortion ban that uses citizen enforcement of its restrictive state law,” Washington Post, October 1, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow, “Federal judge blocks enforcement of Texas law banning abortion as early as six weeks,” Washington Post, October 6, 2021,

Sabrina Tavernise, “With Abortion Largely Banned in Texas, an Oklahoma Clinic Is Inundated,” New York Times, October 6, 2021,

Ryan Foley, “Pennsylvania lawmaker’s bill aims to force men to get vasectomy by 40th birthday,” Christian Post, October 7, 2021,

Linda Greenhouse, “The Supreme Court’s Pain — and Our Anger,” New York Times, October 7, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow and Emily Wax-Thibodeaux, “Federal judge blocks enforcement of Texas law banning abortion as early as six weeks,” Washington Post, October 7, 2021,

Jennifer Rubin, “The federal court ruling blocking Texas’s abortion law is a marvel,” Washington Post, October 7, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow, “Appeals court reinstates Texas’s six-week abortion ban, two days after it was lifted,” Washington Post, October 8, 2021,

Ann E. Marimow, “Texas abortion ban remains in effect after appeals court rules against Justice Dept.,” Washington Post, October 14, 2021,

Robert Barnes, “Supreme Court seems willing to allow challenge of Texas’s restrictive abortion law,” Washington Post, November 1, 2021,

Irin Carmon, “The Texas Abortion Ban Could Lose at the Supreme Court,” New York, November 1, 2021,

John Bowden, “Kavanaugh flags a major catch in Texas anti-abortion law for conservative gun owners,” Independent, November 2, 2021,

Jordan Smith, “Texas Admits Its Abortion Law Puts All Rights Up for Grabs,” Intercept, November 2, 2021,

Ruth Marcus, “The Rule of Six: A newly radicalized Supreme Court is poised to reshape the nation,” Washington Post, November 28, 2021,

Irin Carmon, “This Is How Roe Ends,” New York, December 1, 2021,

Ruth Marcus, “The question is not whether ‘Roe v. Wade’ is overturned — but how,” Washington Post, December 1, 2021,

Amber Phillips, “4 takeaways from the Supreme Court arguments on abortion,” Washington Post, December 1, 2021,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court justices sound ready to restrict the right to abortion,” Los Angeles Times, December 1, 2021,

Paul Waldman, “At the Supreme Court, the bell tolls for Roe v. Wade,” Washington Post, December 1, 2021,

Mary Ziegler, “The End of Roe,” Atlantic, December 1, 2021,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “The Supreme Court Looks Ready to Overturn Roe,” New Yorker, December 2, 2021,

Marjorie Cohn, “For the First Time, Supreme Court Is Poised to Retract a Fundamental Right,” Truthout, December 3, 2021,

Linda Greenhouse, “The Supreme Court Gaslights Its Way to the End of Roe,” New York Times, December 3, 2021,

Lisa Mascaro, “Supreme Court abortion hearing raises questions for senators,” Associated Press, December 3, 2021,

Claire Cain Miller and Margot Sanger-Katz, “What an America Without Roe Would Look Like,” New York Times, December 5, 2021,

Lyle Denniston, “Mixed, splintered rulings on abortion,” Law News, December 10, 2021,

Brent Kendall and Jess Bravin, “Supreme Court Rules Abortion Clinics Can Challenge Texas Law,” Wall Street Journal, December 10, 2021,

Emily Wax-Thibodeaux, Casey Parks, and Caroline Kitchener, “Supreme Court ruling on Texas abortion ban is a narrow victory for abortion rights,” Washington Post, December 10, 2021,

Sophia Bollag, “Gavin Newsom calls for bill modeled on Texas abortion ban to crack down on gun manufacturers,” Sacramento Bee, December 11, 2021,

Laurie McGinley and Katie Shepherd, “FDA eliminates key restriction on abortion pill as Supreme Court weighs case that challenges Roe v. Wade,” Washington Post, December 16, 2021,

Mark Sherman, “Supreme Court returns Texas abortion case to appeals court,” Associated Press, December 17, 2021,

Neelam Patel, “The Insidious Origins of the ‘Moral’ Argument Against Abortion Rights,” Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 22, no. 2 (Winter 2021),

Emily Wax-Thibodeaux, “Men across America are getting vasectomies ‘as an act of love.’” Washington Post, December 26, 2021,

Lauren Rosenblatt, “What is the state of abortion access in Pennsylvania?” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 27, 2021,

Ariane de Vogue, “Supreme Court rejects another attempt to block Texas’ six-week abortion ban,” Cable News Network, January 20, 2022,

Jordain Carney, “Manchin joins with Senate GOP to block bill guaranteeing abortion access,” Hill, February 28, 2022,

Carl Hulse, “Republicans Block Abortion Rights Measure in Senate,” Washington Post, February 28, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “Florida Senate passes a Republican bill to ban abortion after 15 weeks,” Washington Post, March 3, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “Idaho legislature approves bill banning abortion after six weeks, modeling its legislation on restrictive Texas law,” Washington Post, March 14, 2022,

Keith Ridler, “Idaho governor signs abortion ban modeled on Texas law,” Washington Post, March 23, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “Okla. lawmakers approve bill to make performing an abortion illegal,” Washington Post, April 5, 2022,

Guttmacher Institute, “Medication Abortion,” May 1, 2022,

Josh Gerstein and Alexander Ward, “Supreme Court has voted to overturn abortion rights, draft opinion shows,” Politico, May 2, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “The next frontier for the antiabortion movement: A nationwide ban,” Washington Post, May 2, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, Kevin Schaul, and Daniela Santamariña, “The latest action on abortion legislation across the states,” Washington Post, May 2, 2022,

Robert Barnes and Ann E. Marimow, “Roberts directs investigation into leaked draft of abortion opinion,” Washington Post, May 3, 2022,

Nigel Chiwaya and Chantal Da Silva, “Map: 23 states would ban abortion in a post-Roe America,” NBC News, May 3, 2022,

Mike DeBonis and Seung Min Kim, “Collins and Murkowski on the defensive after leaked Roe draft opinion,” Washington Post, May 3, 2022,

Josh Gerstein, “What falls after Roe? Liberals warn of a privacy rights nightmare,” Politico, May 3, 2022,

Oriana Gonzalez, “Collins says Kavanaugh and Gorsuch possibly broke promise on Roe v. Wade,” Axios, May 3, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “My Mother Was Wrong,” Atlantic, May 3, 2022,

Kate Zernike, “States Aren’t Waiting for the Supreme Court to Tighten Abortion Laws,” New York Times, May 3, 2022,

Irin Carmon, “Can Republicans Stop Patients From Leaving the State for an Abortion? Some Are Willing to Try,” New York, May 4, 2022,

Erin McCarthy, “Pa. Gov. Tom Wolf vows to protect abortion rights, but can only do so for the next eight months,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 4, 2022,

Meredith Shiner, “Democrats Can Go Scorched Earth on Abortion Rights, or Go Home,” New Republic, May 4, 2022,

Alexandra Martinez, “Birth control, gay and interracial marriage, and more may be at risk if Roe v. Wade falls,” Prism, May 5, 2022,

Anna North, “Abortion has been treated as a fringe issue by Democrats for decades. This is the result,” Vox, May 5, 2022,

Martin Pengelly, “Louisiana Republicans advance bill to make abortion a crime of murder,” Guardian, May 5, 2022,

William Rivers Pitt, “Democrats Had 50 Years to Save and Protect ‘Roe.’ They Failed,” Truthout, May 6, 2022,

Margaret Atwood, “‘Enforced childbirth is slavery’: Margaret Atwood on the right to abortion,” Guardian, May 7, 2022,

Jennifer Haberkorn, “Abortion pills: A post-Roe game changer — and the next battleground,” Los Angeles Times, May 7, 2022,

Amy Davidson Sorkin, “How Alito’s Draft Opinion on Abortion Rights Would Change America,” New Yorker, May 8, 2022,

David Charter, “Republican states plot to make birth control a crime,” Times, May 9, 2022,

Sarah Gantz, “Outside Philly and Pittsburgh, it can be as hard to get an abortion in Pa. as in Mississippi,” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 9, 2022,

Eriq Gardner, “Was Politico’s Supreme Court Leaker an Inside Man?” Puck News, May 9, 2022,

Peter Hamby, “The Dark Truth Behind the SCOTUS Ruling,” Puck News, May 9, 2022,

Jill Elaine Hasday, “On Roe, Alito cites a judge who treated women as witches and property,” Washington Post, May 9, 2022,

Vanessa Williamson and John Hudak, “The War on Abortion Drugs will be just as racist and classist,” Brookings, May 9, 2022,

Jordain Carney, “Senate GOP, Manchin block abortion rights legislation,” Hill, May 11, 2022,

Josh Gerstein, Alexander Ward, and Ryan Lizza, “Alito’s draft opinion overturning Roe is still the only one circulated inside Supreme Court,” Politico, May 11, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “It’s Mask Off for the Supreme Court,” Atlantic, May 12, 2022,

Colbert I. King, “Justice Thomas thinks he’s being ‘bullied’? He could use a history lesson,” Washington Post, May 13, 2022,

Christine Vestal, “After Leaked Roe Ruling, GOP Weighs Stricter Abortion Bans,” Pew Charitable Trusts, May 17, 2022,

Laura Santhanam, “Majority of Americans don’t want Roe overturned,” Public Broadcasting System, May 19, 2022,

Kate Zernike, Mitch Smith, and Luke Vander Ploeg, “Oklahoma Legislature Passes Bill Banning Almost All Abortions,” New York Times, May 19, 2022,

Joan Biskupic, “Clarence Thomas calls out John Roberts as Supreme Court edges closer to overturning Roe v. Wade,” Cable News Network, May 20, 2022,

Lauren Hepler, “Two women were charged with murder after having stillbirths. The cases are rocking this conservative corner of California,” San Francisco Chronicle, June 4, 2022,

Scott Bixby, “Activists Tell Biden to ‘Do Your F*cking Job’ and Protect Abortion Rights,” Daily Beast, June 12, 2022,

Zachary B. Wolf, “The surprising history of US abortion rights — and what might come next,” Cable News Network, June 17, 2022,

Molly Jong-Fast, “What My Mom Told Me About America Before Roe,” Atlantic, June 22, 2022,

Stephen Caruso and Danielle Ohl, “Decision to overturn Roe v. Wade won’t have immediate impact on abortion access in Pennsylvania,” Spotlight PA, June 24, 2022,

Ryan Deto, “Supreme Court abortion decision places higher stakes on Pa. election, experts say,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 24, 2022,

Matt Ford, “Clarence Thomas Will Wipe Out Marriage Equality and Contraception Next,” New Republic, June 24, 2022,

Brent Kendall and Jess Bravin, “Supreme Court Overturns Roe v. Wade, Eliminates Constitutional Right to Abortion,” Wall Street Journal, June 24, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “Roe’s gone. Now antiabortion lawmakers want more,” Washington Post, June 25, 2022,

Jennifer Calfas and Deanna Paul, “Abortion Providers Confront New Landscape After Roe,” Wall Street Journal, June 26, 2022,

Hannah Knowles and Josh Dawsey, “Pence leans in on abortion, as Trump, other potential 2024 candidates are more cautious,” Washington Post, June 27, 2022,

Tara Palmeri, “D.C. Insiders Grapple with the Politics of Roe,” Puck News, June 27, 2022,

Amanda Seitz, “Instagram and Facebook remove posts offering abortion pills,” Associated Press, June 27, 2022,

Julia Ioffe, “The G.O.P. Inside Conversation on Roe,” Puck News, June 28, 2022,

Tatum Hunter, “You scheduled an abortion. Planned Parenthood’s website could tell Facebook,” Washington Post, June 29, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener and Devlin Barrett, “Antiabortion lawmakers want to block patients from crossing state lines,” Washington Post, June 29, 2022,

Darryl Coote, “N.Y. AG to Google: Stop directing people seeking abortions to anti-abortion centers,” United Press International, June 30, 2022,

Maggie Koerth and Amelia Thomson-DeVeaux, “Even Exceptions To Abortion Bans Pit A Mother’s Life Against Doctors’ Fears,” FiveThirtyEight, June 30, 2022,

Katie Meyer, “Fight gears up over Pa. constitutional amendment to protect ‘every unborn child,’” WHYY, July 1, 2022,

Rachel Roubein, “Democrats don’t have the votes to scrap the filibuster for Roe,” Washington Post, July 1, 2022,

Dave Lieber, “Pregnant woman says her fetus should count as a passenger in HOV lanes. She got a ticket,” Dallas Morning News, July 8, 2022,

Gillian McGoldrick, “Pa. Legislature approves constitutional amendments to declare residents don’t have the right to an abortion, to require voter ID,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 8, 2022,

Gillian McGoldrick, “Pa. Senate GOP committee advances late-night amendment to restrict abortion, require voter ID,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 8, 2022,

Michael D. Shear and Sheryl Gay Stolberg, “Under Pressure, Biden Issues Executive Order on Abortion,” New York Times, July 8, 2022,

Rodrigo Torrejón, “What the Pa. constitutional amendment package could mean for abortion and elections,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 8, 2022,

Matt Viser, “Biden to outline new steps aimed at bolstering abortion rights,” Washington Post, July 8, 2022,

Zachary Groz, “Out-of-state patients surge at Allegheny County abortion clinics as bans enacted elsewhere,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 13, 2022,

Alyssa Rosenberg, “This is what it means to rape a 10-year-old,” Washington Post, July 13, 2022,

Megan Messerly and Adam Wren, “National Right to Life official: 10-year-old should have had baby,” Politico, July 14, 2022,

Alice Miranda Ollstein, “Indiana AG eyes criminal prosecution of 10-year-old rape victim’s abortion doc,” Politico, July 14, 2022,

Reese Oxner, “Texas sues after Biden administration issues guidance saying doctors can perform abortions in emergencies,” Texas Tribune, July 14, 2022,

Katie Shepherd, “Texas sues Biden administration for requiring abortions in medical emergencies,” Washington Post, July 14, 2022,

Matt Ford, “Why Aren’t Conservatives Celebrating the Post-Roe Future They Created?” New Republic, July 15, 2022,

Laura Weiss, “After Roe’s Repeal, CVS Told Pharmacists to Withhold Certain Prescriptions,” New Republic, July 20, 2022,

Mark Scolforo, “Gov. Wolf sues to stop GOP-backed amendments on abortion, voting,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 28, 2022,

Hannah Knowles, Emily Guskin, and Scott Clement, “Americans dismayed at end of Roe are less certain they will vote, poll finds,” Washington Post, July 29, 2022,

Annie Gowen and Colby Itkowitz, “Kansans resoundingly reject amendment aimed at restricting abortion rights,” Washington Post, August 3, 2022,

Jonathan Tamari, “What the Kansas abortion vote might mean for Pennsylvania’s key 2022 races,” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 3, 2022,

Curt Anderson, “Florida prosecutor vows to fight Gov. DeSantis suspension,” Associated Press, August 6, 2022,

Susan Rinkunas, “This Abortion Boat Sounds Fishy,” Jezebel, August 17, 2022,

Julia Terruso and Jonathan Lai, “Women are registering to vote in Pa. in numbers far exceeding men since the Supreme Court abortion decision,” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 22, 2022,

Perry Stein, “Judge blocks part of Idaho’s abortion law from taking effect,” Washington Post, August 24, 2022,

Aaron Blake, “Buyer’s remorse could be creeping in for GOP on abortion,” Washington Post, August 25, 2022,

Meghan Bobrowsky, “Google Says Maps, Searches Will Identify Clinics That Provide Abortions,” Wall Street Journal, August 25, 2022,

Jonathan Allen, Marc Caputo, and Scott Wong, “‘Bad idea’: Republicans pan Lindsey Graham’s 15-week abortion ban,” NBC News, September 13, 2022,

Christopher Cadelago and Jonathan Lemire, “Lindsey Graham saves Biden’s big day,” Politico, September 13, 2022,

Nate Cohn, “Why Things May Really Be Different for This Midterm Election,” New York Times, September 13, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener et al., “Abortion is now banned in these states. See where laws have changed,” Washington Post, September 13, 2022,

Amy B. Wang and Caroline Kitchener, “Graham introduces bill to ban abortions nationwide after 15 weeks,” Washington Post, September 13, 2022,

Moira Donegan, “Republicans won’t stop until abortion is banned across America. And it could be,” Guardian, September 15, 2022,

Lawrence Hurley, “Justices join debate on Supreme Court’s legitimacy after abortion ruling,” NBC News, September 18, 2022,

Sarah Gantz, Jasen Lo, and Jonathan Lai, “Thousands of out-of-state patients are coming to Pennsylvania for abortions they can’t get at home,” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 19, 2022,

Mariana Alfaro and Annabelle Timsit, “GOP governor nominee once urged murder charges for women getting abortions,” Washington Post, September 28, 2022,

Melody Gutierrez, “Proposition 1 abortion rights ballot measure passes,” Los Angeles Times, November 8, 2022,

Samantha Melamed, “Voters cited abortion as a key issue in Pennsylvania’s first election since ‘Roe’ was overturned,” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 8, 2022,

Dan Balz, “The vaunted red wave never hit the shore in midterm elections,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Rachel Roubein, “It was a pretty good Election Day for abortion rights,” Washington Post, November 9, 2022,

Sophia Levin, “How Pittsburgh universities are quietly protecting abortion access,” Public Source, November 11, 2022,

Greg Sargent, “Republicans want Trump to take the blame. Good luck with that,” Washington Post, November 11, 2022,

Mike Wereschagen, “What went wrong? How the GOP’s hope for a red wave in Pennsylvania crumbled,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 13, 2022,

Caroline Kitchener, “Antiabortion movement seeks to jail people for ‘trafficking’ illegal pills,” Washington Post, December 14, 2022,

Stephen Caruso, “Pa. Republicans fight to prolong House majority and pass far-reaching constitutional amendments,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 17, 2022,

Marley Parish, “Relief for child sex abuse survivors passes Senate as part of constitutional amendment package,” Pennsylvania Capital-Star, January 11, 2023,

Jonathan Lai, “Special elections for two Pa. state House vacancies will be held Feb. 7, court rules,” Philadelphia Inquirer, January 13, 2023,

Jennifer Gollan, “Websites Selling Abortion Pills Are Sharing Sensitive Data With Google,” ProPublica, January 18, 2023,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court says it cannot determine who leaked draft abortion opinion last year,” Los Angeles Times, January 19, 2023,

Jackie Hajdenberg, “5 rabbis sue state of Missouri over abortion bans on religious freedom grounds,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 20, 2023,

Ruth Marcus, “Does Dobbs violate the establishment clause?” Washington Post, January 20, 2023,

Adam Smeltz, “Pa. House Speaker Mark Rozzi kicks off ‘listening tour’ in Pittsburgh as Harrisburg remains gridlocked,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 26, 2023,

Runa Sandvik, “How US police use digital data to prosecute abortions,” TechCrunch, January 27, 2023,

Abigail Tracy, “Republicans Are Only Getting Sneakier With Their Antiabortion Proposals,” Vanity Fair, January 30, 2023,

Kyle Cheney and Josh Gerstein, “Federal judge says constitutional right to abortion may still exist, despite Dobbs,” Politico, February 6, 2023,

Poppy Noor, “Google targets low-income US women with ads for anti-abortion pregnancy centers, study shows,” Guardian, February 7, 2023,

Susan Rinkunas, “If the Main Abortion Pill Is Banned This Week, Providers Are Prepared to Go Off-Label,” Jezebel, February 7, 2023,

Caroline Kitchener and Ann E. Marimow, “The Texas judge who could take down the abortion pill,” Washington Post, February 25, 2023,

Alice Miranda Ollstein, “Walgreens won’t distribute abortion pills in states where GOP AGs object,” Politico, March 2, 2023,

Eric Lutz, “Walgreens Caves To Antiabortion Republicans — Including In States Where Abortion Remains Legal,” Vanity Fair, March 3, 2023,

Katherine Tangalakis-Lippert, “Facebook and Google are handing over user data to help police prosecute abortion seekers,” Business Insider, March 4, 2023,

Timothy Bella, “Before abortion pills, Walgreens customers said they were denied birth control,” Washington Post, March 7, 2023,

Pam Belluck and Julie Creswell, “Walgreens Faces Blowback for Not Offering Abortion Pill in 21 States,” New York Times, March 7, 2023,

Laura Johnston, “Ohio legislators will move to outlaw abortion against the wishes of the voters: Today in Ohio,” Cleveland Plain-Dealer, March 7, 2023,

Poppy Noor, “Republicans push wave of bills that would bring homicide charges for abortion,” Guardian, March 10, 2023,

Perry Stein, Ann E. Marimow, and Caroline Kitchener, “After unusual delay, Texas judge announces abortion-pill hearing,” Washington Post, March 13, 2023,

David W. Chen and Pam Belluck, “Wyoming Becomes First State to Outlaw the Use of Pills for Abortion,” New York Times, March 17, 2023,

Laura King, “This doctor says bans won’t stop her from getting abortion pills to women in the U.S.,” Los Angeles Times, April 3, 2023,

Caroline Kitchener et al., “Abortion is now banned or under threat in these states,” Washington Post, April 7, 2023,

Ann E. Marimow et al., “Texas judge suspends FDA approval of abortion pill; second judge protects access,” Washington Post, April 7, 2023,

Christine Vestal, “First State Law to Criminalize Abortion ‘Trafficking’ May Inspire Others,” Pew Stateline, April 7, 2023,

Democracy Now!, “What Is the Comstock Act? Texas Judge Cites 1873 Anti-Obscenity Law to Halt Approval of Abortion Pill,” April 10, 2023,

Evan Hurst, “Lindsey Graham Has Idea To Make Voters Love Republicans Again, It Is Let’s Ban Abortions!” Wonkette, April 10, 2023,

Perry Stein, Ann E. Marimow, and Caroline Kitchener, “Justice Department appeals Texas abortion pill ruling,” Washington Post, April 10, 2023,

John Dinan, “State battles over abortion are leading to state constitutional amendments – an option in all states and available directly to citizens in 18 states,” Conversation, April 12, 2023,

Melissa Healy, “Abortion’s new battleground: Mifepristone’s effect on women’s mental health,” Los Angeles Times, April 13, 2023,

Lori Rozsa and Caroline Kitchener, “DeSantis signs Florida bill banning abortion after six weeks of pregnancy,” Washington Post, April 13, 2023,

Tierney Sneed, “DOJ will take emergency dispute over medication abortion rules to the Supreme Court,” Cable News Network, April 13, 2023,

Robert Barnes and Ann E. Marimow, “The Supreme Court temporarily restores full access to key abortion medication,” Washington Post, April 14, 2023,

David G. Savage, “Supreme Court sides with FDA on abortion pills, blocks Texas rulings for now,” Los Angeles Times, April 21, 2023,

Brittany Shammas et al., “Conservative dissenters block abortion limits in Nebraska, South Carolina,” Washington Post, April 27, 2023,

Stephanie Kirchgaessner, “Revealed: Senate investigation into Brett Kavanaugh assault claims contained serious omissions,” Guardian, April 28, 2023,

Sam Biddle, “U.S. Marshals Spied on Abortion Protesters Using Dataminr,” Intercept, May 15, 2023,

Brian Fung, “Fertility app fined $200,000 for leaking customer’s health data,” Cable News Network, May 17, 2023,

Ann E. Marimow, Caroline Kitchener, and Perry Stein, “Appeals court appears likely to restrict access to key abortion pill,” Washington Post, May 17, 2023,

Frances Stead Sellers, Thomas Simonetti, and Maggie Penman, “The short life of Baby Milo,” Washington Post, May 23, 2023,

Rebekah Riess and Sydney Kashiwagi, “South Carolina governor signs 6-week abortion bill into law,” Cable News Network, May 25, 2023,

Andrew Sheeler, “California cops illegally share data with anti-abortion states, civil rights groups say,” Sacramento Bee, May 26, 2023,

Nick Robins-Early, “Amazon and Google fund anti-abortion lawmakers through complex shell game,” Guardian, June 3, 2023,

Cory Doctorow, “Google makes millions on paid abortion disinformation,” Medium, June 15, 2023,

Tori Otten, “N.C. Lawmaker Pretends She Never Got an Abortion After Switching Parties to Pass Abortion Ban,” New Republic, June 15, 2023,

Karin Brulliard, “America’s unlikeliest abortion clinic has opened in its reddest state,” Washington Post, June 16, 2023,

Leigh Ann Caldwell and Theodoric Meyer with Caroline Anders and Emily Guskin, “Republicans struggle with abortion one year after Dobbs,” Washington Post, June 23, 2023,

Erin Marquis, “California Cops Are Sending License Plate Data To Anti-Abortion States,” Jalopnik, July 7, 2023,

Natalie Schachar, “Idaho Disbands Maternal Mortality Review Committee Amid National Surge in Deaths,” Truthout, July 8, 2023,

Andrew Silow Carroll, “A legal scholar sizes up the religious argument against abortion bans,” Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 9, 2023,

Moira Donegan, “She performed an abortion on a 10-year-old rape victim. The right vilified her,” Guardian, July 10, 2023,

Shania Shelton, “Iowa governor signs 6-week abortion ban into law,” Cable News Network, July 14, 2023,

Mary Clare Jalonick and Lolita C. Baldor, “Why a single senator is blocking US military promotions and what it means for the Pentagon,” Associated Press, July 15, 2023,

Susan Page, “Bellwether? Ohio voters back abortion rights amendment in a test case for other states,” USA Today, July 24, 2023,

Patrick Marley, Rachel Roubein, and Kevin Williams, “Ohio voters reject higher bar for altering constitution, a win for abortion rights supporters,” Washington Post, August 8, 2023,

Andrew J. Tobias and Jake Zuckerman, “Ohio voters reject State Issue 1, defeating hurdle for abortion-rights vote in November,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 8, 2023,

Matt Ford, “Voters Keep Thwarting the Right’s Plans to Build Their Post-Dobbs Dystopia,” New Republic, August 11, 2023,

Jessie Balmert, “Ohio Supreme Court rejects legal challenge, clears path for November abortion rights vote,” Cincinnati Enquirer, August 11, 2023,

Kris Maher and Jon Kamp, “Ohio Voters Enshrine Abortion Access in State Constitution,” Wall Street Journal, November 8, 2023,

Hannah Knowles and Caroline Kitchener, “Abortion rights advocates win major victories in Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia,” Washington Post, November 8, 2023,

Samantha Hendrickson, “Republican faction seeks to keep courts from interpreting Ohio’s new abortion rights amendment,” Associated Press, November 10, 2023,

Bess Levin, “RNC Chair Says Republicans Should Be More Vocal About Wanting to Restrict Abortion, Despite Massive Losses for Trying to Restrict Abortion,” Vanity Fair, November 13, 2023,

Jessie Balmert, Haley BeMiller, and Erin Glynn, “Speaker pans GOP bill blocking judicial review of Ohio abortion amendment,” Cincinnati Enquirer, November 14, 2023,

Chris Geidner, “Did Ohio Republicans see the election results? Or do they just not care?” Law Dork, November 17, 2023,

Chris Geidner, “Kate Cox ‘needs an abortion.’ Ken Paxton will do anything to stop her,” Law Dork, December 9, 2023,

Paul J. Weber and Jamie Stengle, “Texas woman who sought court permission for abortion leaves state for the procedure, attorneys say,” Associated Press, December 11, 2023,

Ann E. Marimow, “Supreme Court will decide access to key abortion drug mifepristone,” Washington Post, December 13, 2023,

Jodi Kantor and Adam Liptak, “Behind the Scenes at the Dismantling of Roe v. Wade,” New York Times, December 15, 2023,

Chris Geidner, “Fifth Circuit holds that federal ER law doesn’t protect abortion care,” Law Dork, January 2, 2024,

Mark Sherman, “Supreme Court allows Idaho to enforce its strict abortion ban, even in medical emergencies,” Associated Press, January 5, 2024,

Jeremy Roebuck, Sarah Gantz, and Gillian McGoldrick, “Pa. Supreme Court sets up a showdown over whether abortion is a right protected by the state constitution,” Philadelphia Inquirer, January 29, 2024,

Jessie Balmert, “AG Yost: Some parts of Ohio abortion ban may be constitutional despite November election,” Cincinnati Enquirer, February 2, 2024,

Chris Geidner, “Trump dodges on abortion as SCOTUS cases highlighting anti-abortion extremism approach,” Law Dork, February 18, 2024,

Geoff Mulvihill, “About as many abortions are happening in the US monthly as before Roe was overturned, report finds,” Associated Press, February 28, 2024,

Chris Geidner, “Anti-abortion rights reach the Supreme Court,” Law Dork, March 25, 2024,

Alex Leary and Catherine Lucey, “Trump Says States Should Chart Their Own Path on Abortion,” Wall Street Journal, April 8, 2024,

Tara Palmeri, “Midnight at Mar-a-Lago,” Puck, April 11, 2024,

Lauren Weber, “Conservative attacks on birth control could threaten access,” Washington Post, June 5, 2024,

Jennifer Rubin, “MAGA Republicans tip their hand: They’re after contraception, too,” Washington Post, June 10, 2024,

Szu Yu Chen and Adrián Blanco, “How every senator voted on the Right to IVF Act,” Washington Post, June 13, 2024,

Ann E. Marimow, “Supreme Court upholds broad access to key abortion pill mifepristone,” Washington Post, June 13, 2024,

Michelle Boorstein and Hannah Knowles, “Here’s what the Christian right wants from a second Trump term,” Washington Post, June 13, 2024,

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